Andrew Clapham – England

Andrew is Director of the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights ADH and a Professor of Public International Law at its Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva. He specialises in international human rights and has acted in several ECHR cases. He has been a special adviser on Corporate Responsibility to the United Nations (UN) High Commissioner for Human Rights, Mary Robinson, and was adviser on international humanitarian law to the UN Secretary-General’s Special Representative in Iraq, Sergio Vieira de Mello.  He was the Representative of Amnesty International at the United Nations in New York from 1991-1997, and has participated as the representative of Amnesty International in numerous inter-governmental meetings as well as in Amnesty International missions to Mozambique, Rwanda, Burundi and Liberia. Andrew appeared in the case of Osman vs UK before the European Court of Human Rights … (full text).

… His current research relates to the role of non-state actors in international law and related questions in human rights and humanitarian law … (full text).

… He worked as Special Adviser on Corporate Responsibility to the former UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Mary Robinson and Adviser on International Humanitarian Law to Sergio Vieira de Mello, Special Representative to the UN Secretary-General in Iraq. (full text).

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Andrew Clapham – England

Secession, terrorism and the right of self-determination, Andrw Clapham.

He says: … “The creation of the Council of Human Rights has been the catalyst. And in Berne, with Micheline Calmy-Rey, the interest around Geneva has increased. At the academic level, the creation of a new Institute for International Studies and Development and Academy for International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights has added to the momentum. It is now important to be inventive. In my report, I put forward other proposals to build momentum around Geneva: offering grants for young people from developing countries to study humanitarian subjects in Geneva or setting up an institute for human rights in order to build links between the two fields” … (full interview text).

Google download books:
Human Rights, by Andrew Clapham (Taking an international perspective and focusing on issues such as torture, privacy, health and discrimination, this book aims to help readers in understanding the controversies and complexities behind the vitally relevant issue of human rights. It also explains what our human rights actually are, and where the human rights movement is heading, also on kriso.ee, and also on OfTheSelf.ch;
Enforcing International Law Norms Against Terrorism, by Andrea Bianchi, Yasmin Naqvi;
Justice for Crimes Against Humanity, by Mark Lattimer, Philippe Sands;
International Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, by Francisco Forrest Martin, Stephen J. Schnably, Richard … .

He says also: … “There are probably multiple factors at work against the Human Rights Act. First, the press have seized on stories of the police or prison authorities making lenient decisions and then blaming the human rights act when challenged. These stories, such as the man asking for pornography in prison, then become part of folklore. Second the Human Rights Act is also being blamed for the presence of dangerous people in the UK, people against whom there is not enough evidence to charge and prosecute them, and yet, they cannot be sent back to their country of nationality because there is a substantial risk that they might be tortured. This is indeed a tricky problem, but it exists even in the absence of a Human Rights Act. Human rights are set up as part of the problem. In fact, solutions can be found without violating human rights. Third, there is a tendency to equate human rights with European integration, foreign ideas and the United Nations. It is sometimes expressed that we have to come to this or that human rights decision because of Europe. This is a way of avoiding a proper debate but tends to turn people off human rights in ways which do not happen elsewhere where constitutional rights are seen as part of a national heritage. Having said all this I would not overemphasize the importance of any ‘backlash’, for the most part human rights are becoming more entrenched in the UK than ever before and are becoming seen as important checks on the power of the government” . (full interview text).

Find him and his publications on alibris; on amazon; on the Graduate Institute, Geneva (also in pdf); on inauthor Google-search; on Google Book-search; on Google Scholar-search.

He writes: … When UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan first proposed the Global Compact in January 1999, he asked world business to: ‘support and respect the protection of international human rights within their sphere of influence’; and ‘make sure their own corporations are not complicit in human rights abuses.’ We could describe these first two of the Global Compact’s nine principles as containing two basic rules. First, a responsibility to promote human rights and a duty to avoid commission of abuses, and, second, a prohibition on complicity in others’ human rights violations. The spectrum of activities that have been linked to the notion of corporate complicity in human rights abuses is well described in the beginning of Margaret Jungk’s ‘Practical Guide to Addressing Human Rights Concerns for Companies Operating Abroad’ (1999:171): … (full text).

More books:
International Human Rights Lexicon, by Susan Marks and Andrew Clapham;
Human rights obligations of non-state actors, by Andrew Clapham; also on OXFORD Univ.-press;
Mindful Economics, Understanding American Capitalism, Its Consequences and Alternatives, by Joel C. Magnuson, 366 pp, Pilot Light, 2007:  “The richest one percent of this country owns half our country’s wealth, five trillion dollars. One third of that comes from hard work, two thirds comes from inheritance, interest on interest accumulating to widows and idiot sons and what I do, stock and real estate speculation. It’s bullshit. You got ninety percent of the American public out there with little or no net worth. I create nothing. I own.” … (see Gordon Gekko to Bud Fox: in the film Wall Street 1987, directed by Oliver Stone);
The United Nations and Human Rights, A Critical Appraisal:
Chapter 14. The Secretary General , by Andrew Clapham
Chapter 15. The High Commissioner for Human Rights , by Andrew Clapham.

And he says: … “This Academy adds something new to the mix. We are going to take a “joined up” look at conflict situations, with four branches of international law that are normally studied separately; human rights, international humanitarian law, international criminal law and refugee rights. It is a first, happening as a result of new developments on the international stage. The war against terrorism means that conflict situations are no longer happening on distant battle fields, but also in Switzerland, in Europe and in the United States. Guantanamo is a case in point: Should the American Supreme Court apply international humanitarian law, which is the right exercised in armed conflicts or human rights law? The same question applies if you arrest a suspected terrorist in London or in Iraq. Recent case law at the International Court of Justice insists on the obligation of respecting human rights – like freedom of expression – even in a conflict situation. These often offer a more widespread protection. Take the case of child soldiers: The Geneva Conventions forbid the recruitment of children under 15, although the optional protocol to the Child Rights convention fixes the limit at 18. Moreover, the implementation of human rights conventions is scrutinised by a committee system, and sometimes complaints can be lodged. And the International Court of Justice can also demand reparations … (full interview text).

Belgium Holds 14 Over Alleged Plot to Free Terrorist (Update1).

links:

Inauguration à Genève de l’Académie de droit international humanitaire et de droits humains ADH, en présence de la présidente de la Confédération, .

ADH /mission;

Human Rights Law Group.org;

Amnesty International;

Human Rights Watch.org;

United Nations Development Programme UNDP;

Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor;

United Nations Foundation UNF;

Frontline (Human Rights Campaign): Homepage,  and about;

the article: I’m Rubber and You’re Glue: Olbermann on “Pitbull Palin”, by durrati, Oct 06, 2008;

The Electronic Information System for International Law EISIL: Index, and its sub-pages.

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