Bradford Dillman – USA

Linked with Illicit International Transactions, with Lessons for US Policy in the Arab World, and with undergraduate study of International Political Economy.

He writes on his Homepage: Welcome to my homepage. I joined the faculty of the University of Puget Sound in 2004. I teach courses in international political economy, Middle East politics, and the illicit global economy. After receiving my PhD in political science from Columbia University in 1994, I spent a number of years teaching in Turkey and Egypt. I have also conducted research in Algeria and Morocco. My research interests include Algerian politics, Middle East political economy, and democratization. One of my current research projects is a comparative analysis of the effects of illicit transactions on reconstruction in Iraq, Palestine, and Algeria. I am also editing a special edition of Mediterranean Politics on Crime, Corruption, and the Shadow Economy in the Mediterranean.

Bradford Dillman - USA two.jpg

Bradford Dillman – USA

Toward what type of political future is Morocco heading as it faces the democratization challenge? While Arab one-party regimes have clung to power by cracking down on the opposition, Morocco has taken a refreshingly different path. Its 1997 parliamentary elections were exceptionally free and fair, with an opposition-party coalition winning one third of the seats in the lower house.

Fifteen political parties representing socialists, monarchists, nationalists, neoliberals, Berbers, and Islamists all hold seats in the Assembly of Representatives. The government is now headed by Prime Minister Abderrahmane Youssoufi, a veteran leftist leader of the Socialist Union of Popular Forces. Civil society continues to flourish. Few African or Arab countries have done better at cleaning up their human rights record or attracting back exiles and dissidents. The new king, Mohammed VI, has spoken frequently of the importance of reforming education and the administration, and of tackling poverty and unemployment. Many in Morocco’s political elite hope he will transform the constitutional monarchy from one that rules to one that reigns. Most likely he will continue his father’s policy of seeking formal candidacy to join the EU.

A significant proportion of Moroccan society identifies itself with conservative Islam. Abdassalam Yassine, the elderly leader of the Islamist party Al Adl wal-Ihsan who has been under house arrest for years, represents the radical side of this worldview. In a scathing November 1999 memorandum, he attacked the corruption and inequity supposedly caused by the late King Hassan II. Advocating a form of democratic rule under which the Moroccan people would have the freedom and right to choose their own government, he argues that the country must avoid a procedural democracy based on secularism and indifferent to Islamic moral values. But an Islamist vision of the future, such as the more moderate one articulated by Abdelkrim Khatib’s Party of Justice and Development, should not be automatically interpreted as a threat to turn Morocco into another Algeria or Iran. Descended from the Prophet Mohammed, the Moroccan dynasty already has a great deal of religious legitimacy. To the extent that most Islamists press for greater political freedom, rule of law, and dramatic economic reforms, they strengthen democratization more than undermine it. Greater expression of Islam is compatible with, if not instrumental to, convergence toward European values, practices, and standards … (Read all of this article named: Morocco’s Future, Arab, African, or European?)

He writes: When the Algerian army staged a coup in 1992 to halt the Islamist Salvation Front from decisively winning parliamentary elections, the Bush administration adopted a wait-and-see policy that demonstrated to the Arab world the lack of sincerity in Washington’s global advocacy of democratization …  // … Since 1995 the U.S. has lost potential leverage over Algeria’a Islamists, especially through its detention of Anwar Haddam for more than three years and its neglect of important Islamist leaders like Ahmed Taleb Ibrahimi and Mafoud Nahnah. Instead, it has become the target of violent Islamists in its own back yard. Despite the dangers, the U.S. should pursue a more forceful and principled policy towards Algiers by insisting on a return to free and fair elections, re-establishing a dialogue with moderate Algerian Islamists, and demanding accountability for human-rights violations. Algeria’s still-vibrant civil society and mainstream opposition leaders who advocate political accountability, a rule of law and economic fairness deserve much more American support. (Read all on Middle East Policy Council).

… He was also Assistant Professor of International Political Economy, in the School of International Service and School of Public Affairs at American University in Washington, DC. He is also a faculty member at American University’s Center for Transnational Crime and Corruption. His research interests include the political economy of North Africa, democratization, and state-business relations in the Middle East.

More informations about some of his publications:

  • State and Private Sector in Algeria : The Politics of Rent-Seeking and Failed Development. Boulder : Westview Press, 2000.
  • “Responding to the Domestic Ramifications of Globalization: The Islamic Salvation Front in Algeria.”, Chapter in : The International Political Economy of Religious Fundamentalisms (International Political Economy Yearbook), ed. Maryann Tetreault and Bob Denemark. Boulder : Lynne Rienner (à paraître).
  • “The European Union and Democratization in Morocco.”, Chapter in : The EU and Democratization, ed. Paul Kubicek. London: Routledge (à paraître).
  • “International Markets and Partial Economic Reforms in North Africa : What Impact on Democratization?”, in: Democratization, 9:1, Spring 2002.
  • “Round Up the Unusual Suspects : U.S. Policy Toward Algeria and Its Islamists.”, in : Middle East Policy, 8:3, September 2001.
  • “Facing the Market in North Africa.”, in : The Middle East Journal, 55:2, Spring 2001.

He writes a profile about President Liamine Zeroual, Algeria, on the website of LIBERAL ARTS COMPUTER INSTRUCTION LABORATORY, Texas, on 23 Oct 1996.

Sorry, that’s all on the 200 first Google links about ‘our’ Bradford Dillman. The rest is on the other Bradford Dillman, the actor having played the bad guys in our films.

links:

The Modern Middle East;

Arab-Israeli Politics Debriefing Archive 1996 by thread;

Algeria’s Parlimentary Elections: Another Perspective.

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