He says: ”India and Pakistan needed to understand the importance of petroleum in the current world scenario. The West had reached a plateau of its oil supply while the Asian countries were still in the process of using a heavy quantity of oil. In this background the political history of the two countries needed an immediate reconsideration. Excessive geopolitics was one of the reasons of Partition in the world order” (Read all on Chandigarh Tribune, January 2004).
He said also: “There was a need for India and Pakistan to work in unison in the changed world order. Study of geo-economics had become more important than study of geo-politics in the changed world order”, said Dr Sanjay Chaturvedi, Department of Political Science, Panjab University, here today. Dr Chaturvedi was speaking at a talk on ‘ Geopolitics of Indo-Pakistan relations’ organised by the local unit of the Association of British Scholars. (Read the whole article down on Chandigarh Tribune, February 2004).
Sanjay Chaturvedi – India
Sanjay Chaturvedi’s area of specialization is the theory and practice of Geopolitics; with special reference to Polar Regions and the Indian Ocean. He is currently the Coordinator, Centre for the Study of Geopolitics, Department of Political Science and Honorary Director, Centre for the Study of Mid-West and Central Asia, at Panjab University, Chandigarh.
He was awarded the Nehru Centenary British Fellowship, followed by a highly coveted Leverhulme Trust Research Grant (£ 55, 000), to pursue his post-doctoral research at Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge, England (1992-1995). Dr. Chaturvedi has been a recipient of several Visiting Fellowships abroad, including Columbia University Institute for Scholars, Reid Hall, and Maison des Sciences de l’Homme, Paris (under International Programme of Advanced Studies); Faculty of Law, University of Sydney, Australia; Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel (under Distinguished Visitors Programme); and Henry L. Stimson Centre, Washington D.C., USA. He was also awarded a research grant by the Australia-India Council, in the year 2001, to visit several institutions of higher learning in Australia, in connection with his project, “Australian-Indian Perspectives on Antarctic and Ocean Governance: Interactions, Linkages and Opportunities”. A member of the Core Group of Experts on India’s Antarctic and Southern Ocean Affairs, set up by the Department of Ocean Development (DOD), Government of India, Dr. Chaturvedi is also the Principal Investigator of a major research project on ‘India’s Antarctic & Ocean Policy’ funded by the DOD. He initiated, along with Dr. Dennis Rumley (University of Western Australia) Indian Ocean Research Group (IORG), at Panjab University in November 2002. Dr. Chaturvedi has also been addressing the prestigious National Defense College. He serves on the international editorial board of journals like, Geopolitics (London: Routledge), and Co-operation and Conflict (New York: Sage). He is the only South Asian to serve on the Steering Committee of International Geographical Union (IGU) Commission on Political Geography, for the term 2004-2008. In connection with wide-ranging academic assignments, Dr. Chaturvedi has visited thirty six countries. He has also traveled extensively in the Antarctic and the Arctic regions. (Department of Political Science, Panjab University).
Sanjay Chaturvedi is a Chairman in the Department of Political Science and Coordinator at the Centre for the Study of Geopolitics at Punjab University in Chandigarh, India. He received his Ph.D. from the same university in 1989. Dr Chaturvedi was a Visiting Associate Professor at the University of Tampere, Finland in 1999. He was also a recipient of the Leverhulme Fellowship at the University of Cambridge, England in 1995 and the Nehru Century British Fellowship for post-doctoral work at the Scott Polar Research Institute, also from Cambridge, in 1991. Dr. Chaturvedi’s areas of interest include the political geography of international relations and the theory and practice of geopolitics, especially in relation to polar regions, the Indian Ocean, and South Asia. His publications include books titled The Dawning of Antarctica and The Polar Regions: A Political Geography and several research papers including “Ocean Governance and the Polar Regions: Geopolitics, Law and Sustainability,” “Reclaiming the Oceans: New Geopolitics, Security and Sustainability,” and “Common Security? Geopolitics, Development, South Asia, and the Indian Ocean.” He is co-editor of Geopolitical Orientations Regionalism and Security in the Indian Ocean; India in the Antarctic: Scientific and Geopolitical Perspectives; and forthcoming Rethinking Boundaries: Geopolitics, Identities and Sustainability; and is the co-author of Partitions: Reshaping Minds and States. Dr. Chaturvedi has also contributed chapters in several books including Geopolitical Traditions? Critical Histories of a Century of Geopolitical Thought; Transborder Cooperation and Sustainable Development in a Comparative Context; and Interpreting Space, Territory and the State: New Readings in International Relations. In February 2000, Dr. Chaturvedi presented a paper entitled “Mapping the Other: Geopolitics of India–Pakistan Borders” at the International Conference on Rethinking Boundaries in Chandigarh. Dr. Chaturvedi also serves on the international editorial board of Geopolitics, a journal published by Routledge, London. He is the principal coordinator, along with Professor Dennis Rumley, University of Western Australia, Perth, of Indian Ocean Research Group (IORG), and Principal Investigator of “India’s Antarctic & Ocean Policy Research Group,” funded by Department of Ocean Development, Government of India. (Read all on The Henry L. Stimson Center).
Fencing Young Minds, Boundary Generating Education in South Asia, by Sanjay Chaturvedi (Email). Taking examples from South Asia, especially Pakistan and India, the paper shows how educational systems in general, and school Geography and History text books in particular, have been used by the nationalizing states as well as various ethno-religious groups for drawing, reinforcing and legitimizing boundaries between Self and the Other. Against the backdrop of highly diverse cultural-linguistic settings of South Asia, a critical examination of even secondary school social studies curriculum exposes the integrative designs and discourses of the ruling elites. It also reveals the highly contested manner in which the medium of education –private and public— has been manipulated throughout the region for stretching personal identities into a part of the group and/or the national identity. For example, geographical education in Panjab dominated Pakistan has often used religious metaphors and cleverly crafted maps of defence to produce ‘national’ ethnocentrism, but not without inviting resistance from the Baluchis or the Mohajirs. In the opinion of certain religious organizations in Pakistan, such as Jama’at-e-Islami, country’s educational system has ‘scaled disastrous magnitude’ due to lack of attention towards religious education, so much so that it might eventually compromise the very existence of a ‘Muslim’ Pakistan vis-à-vis ‘Hindu’ India. In Sri Lanka, nothing is said to arouse greater despair and anger among Sri Lanka Tamils than the feeling that they are being ‘systematically squeezed out’ of higher education by the Singhalese. The paper also shows how so long as one operates within the discourse of history produced at the institutional site of the university, it not possible simply to exit from the deep collusion between ‘history’ and the modernizing narrative(s) of citizenship, bourgeois public and private, and the nation state. (Read on TARTU ÜLIKOOL, University of Tartu).
De nationalité indienne, Sanjay CHATURVEDI est titulaire d’un Doctorat de l’Université du Panjab (1989). Il est spécialisé en Géographie politique, Théorie et pratique de la géopolitique des régions polaires, de l’Océan Indien et de l’Inde du Sud. Brillant et prolifique chercheur, ses publications sont à voir dessous.
Book: GEOPOLITICAL ORIENTATIONS, REGIONALISM AND SECURITY IN THE INDIAN OCEAN, Ed. Dennis Rumley, University of Western Australia and Sanjay Chaturvedi, Panjab University. – This book is the inaugural volume of the Indian Ocean Research Group (IORG) and is based on a selection of papers presented at the IORG launch in Chandigarh in November 2002. The volume seeks to emphasize the complexity and historical and contemporary geopolitical significance of the Indian Ocean Region (IOR). Second, it aims to propagate the necessity for increased intra-regional cooperation especially in terms of economic and environmental security, maritime boundaries, sea-lane security and ocean management, in the spirit of open regionalism, in order to ensure a more secure IOR. Third the volume initiates an agenda for future social science policy-oriented regional research. The book should be of particular interest to policy-makers, business people and academics, as well as citizens in IOR. ISBN 81-7003-281-4 336 pp. 2004 Rs. 495.00 /US $ 30.00, including air postage. (Read the review on IORG).
The partition of the Indian subcontinent, the collapse of the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia, the reunification of Germany, the continuing feud between two Koreas, the Irish peace process, the case of Israel/Palestine and the lingering division of Cyprus, have together given rise to a huge body of literature. However, studies of partitions have usually focused on individual cases. This innovative volume uses comparative analysis to fill the gap in partition studies and examines cross-cutting issues such as: violence, state formation, union and regional unification, geopolitics, transition. ‘Partitions, Reshaping States and Minds‘, by Stefano Bianchini, Sanjay Chaturvedi, Rada Ivekovic, Ranabir Samaddar: , Ed. Frank Cass, London, 2005, 176 pages. (More on Programme Internationale d’Etudes Avancées).
Cooperation and Conflict, by Sanjay Chaturvedi, ISSN 0010-8367. (SAGE Publications).
“Rethinking Boundaries: Geopolitics, Identities and Sustainability” (New Delhi: Manohar, November 2002) [co-edited];
“Dawning of Antarctica: A Geopolitical Analysis” (New Delhi. Segment) 1990;
“Mental Borders in South Asia and Prospects for Peace”, in Ranabir Samaddar and Helmut Reifeld (eds.);
“Peace as Process: Reconciliation and Conflict Resolution”, in South Asia (New Delhi: Manohar, 2001): 61-80; and
“Can There be Asian Geopolitics?”, in Ranabir Samaddar, ed. Interpreting Space, Territory and the State: New Readings in International Relations (New Delhi, Orient Longman, 2002). (New Delhi. Segment) 1990. (See all five in mondialisations.org).