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Index August 2008

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Cynthia Basinet – USA

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She is one of the 1000 women proposed for the Nobel Peace Price 2005.

Actress, model, and singer Cynthia Basinet understood the power of the internet to connect people when the medium rocketed her song “Santa Baby” around the world. The empowerment and self-determination she experienced prompted her to seek new connections in new ways. In May 2001 she sang for a different audience–refugees living in the western Sahara desert. More than 80 per cent women and children, 200,000 refugees are struggling to survive in the southwest corner of Algeria. Their refusal to return home and their fight for self-determination captured the attention of Cynthia Basinet … (1000peacewomen 1/2).

She says: “Displaced societies are of value. Their issues are our issues”.

Find her music on amazon, on Jamendo; her Mini-Bio on IMDb; her songs on Google Video-search; her Interview on 24/7; her name on better world heroes; her thoughts; and also her Homepage.

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Cynthia Basinet – USA

Her song SANTA BABY:

Ten years of being Santa’s Baby.

… Growing up in San Jose, California, Cynthia sang and played the flute and saxophone as a child. Her life has been a succession of journeys. In 1984, she and her infant son left San Francisco and an abusive husband to spend five years in Europe, and it was there that she learned more about world issues. In Paris she learned to speak fluent French, studied cinematography, and became a successful model. She returned to Los Angeles with an expanded vision and a determination to become socially active.

Cynthia established an entirely new channel of distribution for her music by using the Internet to bypass the usual Hollywood and recording industry paths, bringing her releases directly to listeners around the world. She is famous for the song, “Santa Baby.” “That was my gift to the world for the millennium,” she said. “One moment where people from all these countries sing to some silly love song . . .”

Her goal in visiting the Saharawis was to help communicate their value to the world. “We are all linked. The strength and conviction of the Saharawis is something that deserves to be highlighted in the conscience of not only America, but the world. The same issues of power apply to the 85 percent working class that makes up America.

Displaced societies are of value. Their issues are our issues” She was moved by the connection she felt to the Saharawis. “I hit this note, and all the women started warbling. You know, that Arabic sound the women make. It was the most healing moment in my life.” (1000peacewomen 2/2).

An Open Reply to John Simson, August 8, 2008.

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Chris Norwood – USA

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Linked with Soka Gakkai International – SGI-USA, and with Health People NY/USA.

She is one of the 1000 women proposed for the Nobel Peace Price 2005.

Chris Norwood (born 1946) founded Health People, which is located in the South Bronx, New York, and is the largest peer health education and disease prevention organization in the USA. Starting in 1990 as a women’s AIDS prevention program, the organization now provides 3000 people a year in the sickest, poorest area of New York, with men’s, family, and teen HIV programs. It also provides successful asthma, diabetes, and smoking prevention programs, all built by training low-income people affected by chronic disease to become educators and leaders … (1000peacewomen 1/2).

She says: “Dig where you stand, and surely you shall find a well”.

… Founder chris Norwood was positively trilled at the response from her friends in the East End Art Community who generously donated art works of which 100% of the sale price was going to her teen-to-teen mentoring program … (full text).

The book: Advice for Life, by Christopher Norwood, Chris Norwood, National Women’s Health Network (U.S.), 178 pages, Published by Pantheon Books, 1987: Explains who the carriers are, what the medical tests show, what realistic precautions can be taken, and what symptoms to watch out for. ISBN 039475428X, 9780394754284

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Chris Norwood – USA

She works for Health People.

In 1985, Chris Norwood was asked by a women’s magazine to write what turned out to be the first American article on women and AIDS. She became haunted by how misunderstood the AIDS epidemic was, “Waking and sleeping, I saw before me an endless picture of the shadows of hundreds of ghostly women which I knew to represent the mammoth future death already inevitable from HIV infections taking place right then.” Chris wrote a book, Advice for Life: A Woman’s Guide to AIDS, and began trying to do her own studies to underscore the seriousness of the women’s epidemic: these included the first study projecting AIDS orphans in New York and a groundbreaking study of the undercounting of women’s AIDS deaths.

When it became obvious that little practical progress or recognition of women’s needs was occurring, Chris decided to start a women’s peer education program and train the women most affected by HIV– the poorest women in the city – to become educators. “Fortunately, I wasn’t daunted because I didn’t know at all how daunting this project was; fortunately, I obtained some small donations to start and focused on the South Bronx. At the time, in 1990, the South Bronx was not only the poorest and sickest area of New York, but shattered by drugs, abandonment and such widespread arson (with owners torching their buildings for the insurance money) that it looked like a bombed area. When New York’s longest and most deadly drug war erupted on the block of our office, we had to literally walk through almost daily gunfire for months.”

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Giordano Bruno – Italy (1548 – 1600)

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Linked with die Giordano Bruno Stiftung GBS from April 08, 2007, and from June 15, 2007, and with german GBS/Homepage and its german Newsletter (see internal link on their homepage).

Giordano Bruno (1548 – February 17, 1600) was an Italian philosopher best-known as an early proponent of heliocentrism and the infinity of the universe. In addition to his cosmological writings, he is also notable for his extensive works on the art of memory, a loosely-organized group of ancient mnemonic techniques and principles. Until about fifty years ago he was most often considered an early martyr for modern scientific ideas, in part because he was dramatically burned at the stake as a heretic by the Roman Inquisition. More recent assessments, beginning with the pioneering work of Frances Yates, suggest that Bruno was deeply influenced by magical views of the universe inherited from Arab astrological magic, Neoplatonism and Renaissance Hermeticism. Other recent studies of Bruno have focused on his qualitative approach to mathematics and his application of the spatial paradigms of geometry to language … (full huge text).

His detailed Biography: on punkerslut.com; on Seti League;

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Giordano Bruno – Italy (1548 – 1600)

Google download books:

  • The Ash Wednesday Supper, (La Cena de le ceneri) by Giordano Bruno, Edward A. Gosselin, Lawrence S. Lerner, Renaissance Society of America, 238 pages, edited 1995;
  • Cause, Principle, and Unity, by Giordano Bruno, Robert de Lucca, Richard J. Blackwell, Alfonso Ingegno, 228 pages.

Giordano Bruno: The Forgotten Philosopher.

Fillipo Bruno (1548-1600) was born in Nola near Naples. Taking the name Giordano upon becoming a member of the Dominican order, he was educated in the Aristotelian and Thomist traditions and eventually came to espouse a mystical Neoplatonism mixed with ideas imbibed from a resurgent interest of that time in the works of the apocryphal Hermes Trismegistus … (full text).

Giordano Bruno.info (in many languages).

Find his name and his publications: his latin texts on Google inauthor-search; on Ars Memoriae; on esoteric archive; on Intre Text Digital Library; on the Giordano Bruno Collection; on Bruno’s Latin and Italian works online; his complete work on … The Warburg Institute … ;  on sacred texts; on amazon; on IMDb; on radical academy; on Google Video-search, specially on YouTube; on Google Book-search; on Google Scholar-search; on books that mention him – by specific Google search; on Google Group-search; on Google Blog-search; and Giordano Bruno on Google News-search: with a new book, Philosopher/Heretic, reviewed: by M.M. Bennetts, and by Ingrid D. Rowland; also The heretic, by Laura Miller; with The Forbidden World; and with Cosmic Crusader.

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Henriette Carvalho Kouyate – Mali

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She is one of the 1000 women proposed for the Nobel Peace Price 2005.

Madam Henriette Carvalho Kouyate was born in Dakar, Senegal, in 1931. She has spent most of her professional career in the area of health, raising awareness on the problems of female genital mutilation. At 74 years old, Kouyaté Henriette Carvalho, mother of six boys, is a brilliant public health professional in the eyes of all. Henriette also distinguished herself in the treatment of sterile women and victims of female genital mutilation so that they have normal fertility and a happy life in the African context. Kouyaté Henriette Carvalho is also a writer and has published a book on female genital mutilation and sexually transmitted diseases. She has fought a great deal for the protection of woman, children and for reproductive control … (1000peacewomen 1/2).

She says: “Seeing a pregnant woman’s luminous smile, hearing the happy cries of children in the playground: that is what drives me”.

Le texte: Kouyaté Carvalho d’Alvarengo, Henriette, “L’excision”. Présence Africaine, no.160, 1999.

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Sorry, no photo found for Henriette Carvalho Kouyate, Mali

Kouyaté also contributed to the struggle in Mali against female genital mutilation. Her contribution ensured national opinion came to understand that female genital mutilation is a public health problem for women everywhere. This resulted in many Malian families abandoning the practice of female circumcision. More and more Malian men and women understand today that this ancestral practice cannot be justified anymore due to its negative effects on maternal health.

This decision of conscience is at the basis of the awareness and claims against female genital mutilation. This will result in the near future to the adoption in Mali of legislation against the practice of female circumcision. We hope these efforts reach this objective. Senegal (Henriette’s country of origin) and Burkina have already taken a positive step towards banning female genital mutilation which underlines the position of Dr Henriette.

Henriette Carvalho regrets, today, that none of her children are doctors, but understands it and does not regret her own daily fight to help infertile couples become fertile. This fight has also helped reduce the mortality rate of women during maternity. To summarise, Ms Kouyaté Henriette Carvalho is a pioneer in female health in our country and in the well-being of women and children. She has given several lectures on the framework of obstetric health and reproduction. In her quiet retirement, she is a counselor to the young in an area that has marked all her professional life as well as that of her life as a writer.  (1000peacewomen 2/2).

… IP Conference Delegates Learn Appropriate Technique for Putting on Sterile Gloves: (Left to right) Col. Lamine Cissé Sarr from Senegal, Dr. Emmanuel Malano from Guinea, and Dr. Henriette Carvalho Kouyate from Senegal play a game of “IP Golf” … (full text).

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Salah Uddin Shoaib Choudhury – Bangladesh

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also called Sallah Uddin Shoaib Choudhury

Linked with Must He Die? Meet A Muslim Dissident, with Choudhury speach to IFLAC’s writers’ symposium, and with BLiTZ (the english online Version). And linked with Bangladesh: Prolonged State of Emergency.

SALAH UDDIN SHOAIB CHOUDHURY is EDITOR & PUBLISHER of BLiTZ, THE ONLY ANTI-JIHADIST NEWSPAPER in Bangladesh.

His country wants to hang him, and this could happen within the next few months. Sallah Uddin Shoaib Choudhury is a Bangladeshi journalist, publisher and peace activist who has left the fold of Jew hatred and Muslim supremacy that is infecting his country in recent years. For that, he is accused of ‘crimes against humanity’ and ‘hurting the image of Islam’ … (full text, August 14, 2008).

… Mr. Choudhury, who calls himself a “Muslim Zionist,” was arrested in Nov 2003 at the Dhaka airport for the “crime” of responding to an invitation to travel to Israel to address the Hebrew Writers Association on the subject of peaceful relations between Muslims and Jews in the Middle East. Mr. Choudhury was charged with blasphemy, sedition, treason, and espionage on behalf of Israel, any one of which is punishable by death in Bangladesh … (full text, August 20, 2008).

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Sallah Uddin Shoaib Choudhury – Bangladesh

Irwin Cotler Joins Shoab Choudhury’s Defence, December 08, 2006).

… Choudhury’s aborted speech needs to be read (on Interfaith Strength). In passionate yet surprisingly serene tones, he confronts the irrational hatred primarily directed against Jews and Israel that is inflaming the Muslim world, including its semi-religious belief in Holocaust Denial.  Choudhury commends Israel’s democracy and progress, and proposes creating what he calls a Culture of peace’ with justice and tolerance for all people as opposed to the culture of death. His stated mission is to take personal responsibility to break down the firewall of lies and ignorance that separate one people from another, using his talents as a writer and publisher.  Are you hearing echoes of Reagan’s famous command, Tear down this wall. You should … (full text, Aug 13, 2008).

Tackling the global fertilizer crisis, Aug 24, 2008.

He fired the first salvo in 2003 and has been sticking his thumb in Islamist eyes ever since.  Bangladeshi journalist Salah Uddin Shoaib Choudhury describes himself as a “Muslim Zionist.” He is unabashedly pro-US, pro-Israel, and anti-Islamist. More importantly, he remains all of that from within the Muslim world, which he refuses to leave.  I have fielded any number of asylum requests for him, and he declined them all.  Retreat is not in my vocabulary,” he says, for he believes that if he were to leave his country, his credibility would be gone, and Islamists would claim victory; a satisfaction he refuses to give them.  “Bangladesh is my country,” he says.  “Let the radicals leave!” … (full text).

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Holt Ruffin – USA

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Linked with Civil Society International CSI.

Holt Ruffin is the founder and executive director of the Civil Society International. “He is a graduate of Stanford University (BA, 1966) and the Woodrow Wilson School at Princeton University (MPA, 1975). Mr. Ruffin’s work experience includes six years in the Economics/Policy Research Department of Bank of America and in the International Division of Wells Fargo Bank in San Francisco. Articles by Mr. Ruffin have appeared in the Seattle Times, the Seattle Post-Intelligencer, Freedom Review, Money Manager, Crisis, and other publications. Most recently, he was lead editor or author of The Post-Soviet Handbook: A Guide to Grassroots Organizations (revised edition, 1999), Civil Society in Central Asia (1999, co-edited with Daniel Waugh), and Internet Resources for Eurasia (2001). The Post-Soviet Handbook and Civil Society in Central Asia were each co-published with the University of Washington Press. “Mr. Ruffin was a short-term research fellow at the Kennan Institute for Advanced Russian Studies at the Woodrow Wilson Center in Washington, DC, in 2000; he also participated in a six-week seminar on the theme of civil society, held at Boston University under the leadership of Dr. Peter Berger in 1994 … (full text).

… At present, Mr. Ruffin is guiding CSI through the process of expanding its focus to countries where democracy and civil society are most repressed. He received an M.A. in International Relations and Economics from the Woodrow Wilson School of International Affairs at Princeton University in 1975, and a B.A. in Political Philosophy and Modern History from Stanford University in 1966. Colleagues comment that Mr. Ruffin is someone with “perseverance and ability to hold a vision” who “provides leadership that brings practical results.” His proposed project is “The Globalization of Philanthropy”. (full text).

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Holt Ruffin – USA

download: The Globalization of American Philantrophy, 48 pages, Oct. 2003.

The Global Review of Ethnopolitics, 2 pages, March 2003.

The Who’s Who in International Organizations, Volume 6, published by the Union of International Associations.

The Post-Soviet Handbook: A Guide to Grassroots Organizations and Internet Resources in the Newly Independent States, April 1996, 392 pages; also on Arrowbead Library System.

Book-Review: Civil Society in Central Asia, 331 pages, ISBN: 0-295-97795-7:

  • - … with the insights of individuals who have been on the front lines of the struggle for civil society in Central Asia itself–representatives of organizations such as Counterpart, Internews, and the Kazakstan International Bureau for Human Rights. Topics addressed are as diverse as the legal framework for independent associational activity, grassroots movements for environmental protection, the resurgence of Islam and the viability of the Soviet-era collective farms. A 75-page appendix provides a guide to many of the most significant projects being carried out by local and international NGOs in the region. M. Holt Ruffin is executive director of Center for Civil Society International, based in Seattle, and Daniel C. Waugh is Associate Professor of History and International Studies, University of Washington. A co-publication of Center for Civil Society International and the Central Asia-Caucasus Institute, Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University. (full text).
  • - on Googles download book (display will be limited);
  • - REVIEWED BY AMYN B. SAJOO, 6 pdf-pages;
  • - by UW Press;
  • - listen the audio: OSI Forum: Whither Civil Society in Central Asia? September 28, 2005 in NY.

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James Petras – USA

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Linked with Reflections on Twenty-First Century Socialism.

James Petras is a retired Bartle Professor (Emeritus) of Sociology at Binghamton University, SUNY, New York, U.S., and adjunct professor at Saint Mary’s University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who has published prolifically on Latin American and Middle Eastern political issues … (full text).

… He’s also a prolific author of hundreds of articles and dozens of books, including his newest due out in late August: “Zionism, Militarism, and the Decline of US Power” to be discussed on a future program. Petras writes extensively on the Middle East, the power of the Israeli Lobby, and the possibility of war on Iran to be discussed during the hour … (full text).

He argues: … “The use of paramilitary death squads promoted/financed and protected by the Uribe regime to murder and ‘disappear’ popular leaders serves several strategic political goals” … (full text, Aug. 22, 2008).

The James Petras webwsite. (his essays are available there also in spanish).

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James Petras – USA

James Petras speech at ‘Axis for Peace 2005′ conference,  11.51 min, Nov 18, 2005.

… ‘Ammunition’ for imperialists? Petras charges that “the effect of Castro’s anti-FARC articles has been to provide ammunition for the imperial mass media to discredit the FARC.” He attempts to answer the Cuban leader by presenting a glorified picture of the guerrilla group. “Marulanda’s prolonged guerrilla war strategy relied on mass grassroots organizing based on close peasant ties with guerrillas, based on community, family and class solidarity, building slowly and methodically a national political-military people’s army,” Petras writes, whereas “Castro’s guerrillas were recruited from the mass of urban mass organizations, methodically organized prior to and during the formation of the guerrilla foco in 1956-1958.” “Marulanda built, over a period of 40 years, a bigger guerrilla army with a wider mass base than any Castro-inspired guerrilla force from the 1960s to 2000,” he says … (full text, August 25, 2008).

Inflation and the Spectre of World Revolution, Aug. 06, 2008.

His Bio on flickr.com.

Colombia, Laboratory of Witches: Democracy and State Terrorism, Aug 12, 2008.

… Presidential candidates competed with each other in swearing their total and unconditional servility to Israel, swearing their utmost to back any and all past, present and future Israeli military attacks. Hillary Clinton promised to implement the equivalent of twelve holocausts against Iran’s 70 million citizens in her rant to ‘obliterate Iran’ if it endangered Israel. Obama backed the ultra-orthodox Jewish demand to give Israel sole control over Jerusalem, and joined John McCain and Clinton in promising to bomb Iran if it continued its uranium enrichment program (which they equated with a nuclear weapon – despite the objections of the IAEA and the US intelligence community) … (full text).

Racism and Genocide: Lies of Our Times, Aug 06, 2008.

China Bashing and the Loss of US Competitiveness, Oct 22, 2005.

Stephen Lendman’s review of his book: The Power of Israel in the United States, Oct 29, 2006.

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Terry Glavin – Canada

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Terry Glavin (born 1955) is a Canadian author and journalist. Born in the United Kingdom to Irish parents, he emigrated to Canada in 1957. Glavin has worked as a journalist and columnist for The Daily Columbian, The Vancouver Sun, The Globe and Mail, and The Georgia Straight. Glavin’s writing covers a wide range of regional and global topics from natural history and anthropology to current politics. His first book, A Death Feast in Dimlahamid (1990), dealt with the struggles of the Gitksan and Wet’suwe’ten peoples, drawing on an account of the oral traditions of Dimlahamid, also known as Temlaham, (sorry, this link leads to Gispwudwada) an ancient city said to have existed in that region. His second book, Nemiah: The Unconquered Country (1992), a cultural and historical account of British Columbia’s Chilcotin District, included some of the Tsilhqot’in people’s perspective on the Chilcotin War of 1864. Among his best known works is The Last Great Sea: A Voyage Through the Human and Natural History of the North Pacific Ocean (2000), which was nominated for the Bill Duthie Prize and the Roderick Haig-Brown Prize, and was the winner of the Hubert Evans Non-Fiction Prize. In 2006, Glavin came under fire from some progressives and from anti-war activists for a Georgia Straight column in which he had expressed support of the American and Israeli positions in the July 2006 invasion of Lebanon. He is also a signatory of the Euston Manifesto … (full text).

… His several books traverse anthropology, natural history and cultural geography. They include A Death Feast in Dimlahamid, This Ragged Place and The Last Great Sea: A Human and Natural History of the North Pacific Ocean. His latest book is Waiting for the Macaws (and Other Stories from the Age of Extinctions), which argues that environmentalism is inadequate to the task of accounting for the global vanishing of animals, plants and languages. Terry is the editor of Transmontanus, an imprint of New Star Books; he teaches part-time at the University of British Columbia … (full text).

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Terry Glavin – Canada

His blog: Terry Clavin, Chronicles and Dissent.

A Day In The Life of Tylere Couture: Soldier, Activist, And Fellow CASC Member, July 11, 2008; followed by ‘An Excellent Sad Post from Terry Glavin’: Terry Glavin’s frustrations with former allies gets some pretty clear expression in this post … (full text, Aug 13, 2008).

The video: Terry Glavin-Waiting for the Macaws-author interview, 6.27 min, Feb 28, 2007.

Audio-Interview with Terry Glavin, April 13, 2006 (click on listen).

He writes: To say what we think without fear of repercussion, to walk down the streets without fear … it is our responsibility to spread this freedom all around us, and around the world. Gov. Gen. Michaelle Jean, Canada Day, 2007 Nikolai Tsyrempilov can’t say what he thinks without fear of repercussion. He can’t walk down the street without fear. He would like Canada, and other western democracies, to do something about it. I recently met Mr. Tsyrempilov in Ulan Ude, the capital of Buryatia, an impoverished Russian republic of about a million people that shares a border, a language, a Buddhist heritage and a great deal of history with Mongolia … (full text, July 12, 2007).

Inside The Cult That Runs The “Mobilization Against War and Occupation”: Part II, February 07, 2008.

He writes also: Things started at a July 18 demonstration in Montreal, when a small group of young Lebanese showed up with a sign that read “Peace for Lebanon and Israel”. They were shouted at and shoved around and driven off. Their sign was torn up. The event then proceeded, with people carrying placards that bore the flag of the fascist organization Hezbollah and pictures of Hezbollah’s rabidly anti-Semitic leader, Hassan Nasrallah. Before the month was out, you could fairly mark July 2006 as one of the most squalid months in the history of the “left” in Canada … (full text, August 3, 2006).

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Joseph Robinette Biden, Jr. – USA

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Joseph Robinette Biden, Jr. (born November 20, 1942) is the senior United States Senator from Delaware and the presumptive Democratic Party candidate for Vice President in the 2008 presidential election, running alongside presumptive Presidential nominee Barack Obama. He is a member of the Democratic Party, and is currently serving his sixth term … (full long text on wikipedia, last modified on 23 August 2008, at 08:29. See also Wikipedia’s Biden disambiguation).

See also:

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The Video: Joe is Right, 1.34 Min, added November 16, 2007.

His positions on Civil Rights: See also 20 full quotes on Civil Rights; and background on Civil Rights:

  • 1978: opposed busing except for gov’t-intended segregation. (Jul 2007)
  • 1968: Wilmington riots failed at conversation between races. (Jul 2007)
  • Nobody asks if you’re gay in a foxhole. (Jun 2007)
  • Civil unions ok; gay marriage is probably inevitable. (Apr 2007)
  • Voted NO on recommending Constitutional ban on flag desecration. (Jun 2006)
  • Voted NO on constitutional ban of same-sex marriage. (Jun 2006)
  • Voted YES on adding sexual orientation to definition of hate crimes. (Jun 2002)
  • Voted YES on loosening restrictions on cell phone wiretapping. (Oct 2001)
  • Voted YES on expanding hate crimes to include sexual orientation. (Jun 2000)
  • Voted YES on setting aside 10% of highway funds for minorities & women. (Mar 1998)
  • Voted NO on ending special funding for minority & women-owned business. (Oct 1997)
  • Voted YES on prohibiting same-sex marriage. (Sep 1996)
  • Voted YES on prohibiting job discrimination by sexual orientation. (Sep 1996)
  • Voted NO on Amendment to prohibit flag burning. (Dec 1995)
  • Voted NO on banning affirmative action hiring with federal funds. (Jul 1995)
  • Rated 60% by the ACLU, indicating a mixed civil rights voting record. (Dec 2002)
  • Issue a commemorative postage stamp of Rosa Parks. (Dec 2005)
  • Rated 78% by the HRC, indicating a pro-gay-rights stance. (Dec 2006)
  • Rated 100% by the NAACP, indicating a pro-affirmative-action stance. (Dec 2006)
  • Re-introduce the Equal Rights Amendment. (Mar 2007).

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Tubbs Jones – USA (1949 – 2008)

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… It is with deep sadness that we inform you of the passing of Congresswoman Stephanie Tubbs Jones, beloved mother to Mervyn Jones II, sister to Barbara L. Walker, dear colleague, loyal servant and friend to all … Her death followed a full day of activities, including planning for an upcoming forum on electoral reform and other administrative duties yesterday. Congresswoman Tubbs Jones was scheduled to travel to Denver on August 24, 2008 to attend the Democratic National Convention as a superdelegate … (full text).

… “She dedicated her life in public service to helping others and will continue to do so through organ donations. Please keep her family and friends in your thoughts and prayers during this very difficult time” … (full text).

Tributes to Tubbs Jones roll in.

Her Biography: short on the Directory of the US Congress, full long on wikipedia.

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Tubbs Jones – USA (1949 – 2008)

Stephanie Tubbs Jones – Photos and Memories on Ohio daily blog.

Positions and quotes; Stephanie Tubbs Jones’ voted:

* Voted YES on prohibiting job discrimination based on sexual orientation. (Nov 2007)
* Voted NO on Constitutionally defining marriage as one-man-one-woman. (Jul 2006)
* Voted NO on making the PATRIOT Act permanent. (Dec 2005)
* Voted NO on Constitutional Amendment banning same-sex marriage. (Sep 2004)
* Voted NO on protecting the Pledge of Allegiance. (Sep 2004)
* Voted NO on constitutional amendment prohibiting flag desecration. (Jun 2003)
* Voted NO on banning gay adoptions in DC. (Jul 1999)
* Ending racial profiling is part of fight for justice. (Jan 2001)
* Constitutional Amendment for equal rights by gender. (Mar 2001)
* Rated 92% by the ACLU, indicating a pro-civil rights voting record. (Dec 2002)
* Issue a commemorative postage stamp of Rosa Parks. (Dec 2005)
* Rated 100% by the HRC, indicating a pro-gay-rights stance. (Dec 2006)
* Rated 97% by the NAACP, indicating a pro-affirmative-action stance. (Dec 2006)
* Re-introduce the Equal Rights Amendment. (Mar 2007)
* Supported legislation on violence against women & safety. (Jul 1999)
* Supported funding for women’s and disadvantaged businesses. (Jul 1999)

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Dennis John Kucinich – USA

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Linked with Impeachment Begins, with Kucinich gets his day, and with Bruce Fein – USA.

Dennis John Kucinich (born October 8, 1946) is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives and was a candidate for the Democratic nomination for President of the United States in the 2004 and 2008 elections. Kucinich currently represents the 10th District of Ohio in the House of Representatives, which he has been serving since 1996. His district includes most of western Cleveland as well as suburbs such as Parma and Cuyahoga Heights. He is currently the chairman of the Domestic Policy Subcommittee of the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform. He is also a member of the Education and Labor Committee … (full huge long text on wikipedia).

He says on Gun Control:

  • “We have babies dying in the streets; ban handguns. (Jul 2007)
  • Ban sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns. (Nov 2006)
  • Require background checks, licensing, and fingerprinting. (Jan 2004)
  • Voted NO on prohibiting product misuse lawsuits on gun manufacturers. (Oct 2005)
  • Voted NO on prohibiting suing gunmakers & sellers for gun misuse. (Apr 2003)
  • Voted NO on decreasing gun waiting period from 3 days to 1. (Jun 1999)
  • Rated F by the NRA, indicating a pro-gun control voting record. (Dec 2003)”.

The video: ALL of Dennis Kucinich’s replies @ 11-15-07 Dem. debate, 8.41 min, Nov 16, 2007.

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Dennis John Kucinich – USA

His Impeachment proceedings against Dick Cheney.

His Plan to ban handguns.

Bush Impeachment Articles Introduced.

His website: the page for signing the impeachment petition.
His personal homepage.
His official U.S. House website.

Electoral history of Dennis Kucinich.

The Kucinich Resolution.

He writes on his website: September 10th, the day before the world changed, could be the day WE change the world! Send a history-making message to Congress: 1,000,000 signatures for impeachment. On September 10, 2008, we want to deliver ONE MILLION signatures to Congress urging them to exercise their Constitutional authority and mandate to hold this President – and all future Presidents – accountable. Please sign NOW! And ask everyone you know to sign. The power to change the world is in your hands! His message. The latest Impeachment News.

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Sumaiya Khair – Bangladesch

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Linked with Refugee and Migratory Movements Research Unit RMMRU.Net.

Sumaiya Khair is an Associate Professor of Law at the University of Dhaka, Bangladesh and an Instructor at the Department of Clinical Legal Education Programme. She has a Ph.D. from U.K. and has obtained her LL.B.(Hons.) and LL.M. degrees from the University of Dhaka. She holds executive positions in a couple of University-based research bodies and is also actively associated with other research and advocacy initiatives outside of the University. Her areas of interest and specialisation include human rights, child rights, gender issues and governance. She has written extensively on law, justice and human rights and has to her credit a number of articles and publications in both national and international journals and books. She has also served as a consultant for international and domestic agencies on legal and policy issues. (zoomInfo, Nov. 18, 2007).

Dr. Sumaiya Khair, Department of Law, University of Dhaka, member of the Advisory Council, British Standard School.

She is Researcher on Development Research Center DRC for Migration, Globalisation and Poverty.

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Sorry, no photo found for Sumaiya Khair – Bangladesch

Her book: Child domestic workers in Dhaka city, 2004.

download: Philanthropy and Law in South Asia, Recent Developments in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, prepared by the PALISA group, September 2007, 60 pdf-pages. Same on SSRN, December 2007.

She is Syndicate and Academic Council of the Atish Dipankar University, Dhaka.

She cooperates with biiss.org, and its research projects.

Bibliography: Sumaiya Khair, ‘Taking Children’s Rights Seriously: Areas of Concern’ in Towards Gender Equity, Poverty, Rights and Participation, Report of the Regional Workshop, 15-18 February, Dhaka, 1998; UNICEF, Children of Bangladesh and Their Rights, Dhaka, 1997 (scroll down).

Find her and her publications on pipl; on ; on Google Book-search; on Google Scholar-search.

Chapter 7 in the Google-download book: Reconsidered the employment of the girl child in the Bangladesh garment industry, page 119.

… In addition, she also offers consultancy to various committees commissioned by ILO, and various projects sponsored by UNICEF, The Asia Foundation, CIDA, etc. Dr. Khair has participated in a dialogue on ‘South Asia and the US after the Cold War’, 1994, at Dhaka. (full text).

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Josephine Bernadette Devlin McAliskey – England

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She is one of the 1000 women proposed for the Nobel Peace Price 2005.

Josephine Bernadette Devlin McAliskey (born 23 April 1947, in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland), also known as Bernadette Devlin and Bernadette McAliskey, is a Socialist republican political activist. She served as a Member of Parliament at Westminster from 1969 to 1974 for the Mid Ulster constituency … (full long text).

Bernadette Devlin McAliskey (born 1947) was a student at Queen‘s University, Belfast, when the Civil Rights Movement in Northern Ireland took to the streets in 1968. Bernadette became its radical icon and she was elected to the House of Commons in 1969. Having lost that seat in 1974, she campaigned for the Irish Republican Army (IRA) hunger strikers in 1980/81. In recent years, she has opposed the Good Friday Agreement of April 1998 on the grounds that it cemented British rule and Irish partition … (1000peacewomen 1/2).

She says: “Many people who have come through 30 years of struggle have found themselves isolated, disowned at the most personal level. The post revolutionary period has no time for enlightened criticism”.

Read: Chapter 12 from her book: ‘The Price of My Soul’, by Bernadette Devlin (1969).

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Josephine Bernadette Devlin McAliskey – England

She works for the Irish Republican Socialist Party IRSP.

Listen her on this video: Bernadette McAliskey – James Connolly commemoration, 4.58 min, May 23, 2008.

… She was saying jokingly that “between the pomposity of Bew and the extravagance of McCann, I might look like the sane one”. (full text, August 2, 2008).

Find her and her publications on Google Video-search; on Google Group-search; on Google Book-search; on Google Scholar-search; on Google Blog-search.

… Her radical left-wing politics resulted in conviction of incitement to riot in December 1969. She had actively engaged, on the side of the residents, in the ‘Battle of the Bogside’, which is widely marked as the beginning of Northern Ireland’s 30 year “Troubles”. She served a short jail term. After being re-elected in the 1970 general election, Devlin declared that she would sit in Parliament as an Independent Socialist … (full text).

Biography Research Guide.

(1000peacewomen 2/2): … “So, people now want much more than they would happily have settled for. If, instead of beating our heads on 5th October 1968, the government had given us housing and votes, we would probably all have gone home and left it at that,” says Bernadette Devlin McAliskey.

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Bret Benjamin – USA

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… Bret Benjamin is an associate professor of English at SUNY Albany, author of Invested Interests: Culture, Capital, and the World Bank, and a contributor to Foreign Policy In Focus … (full text).

… His most recent work is in transnational cultural studies, studying in particular various aspects of globalization and alter-globalization social movements. His current book project, Invested Interests: Culture, Capital and the World Bank, develops a cultural critique of the World Bank. The project argues that the Bank must be understood as a cultural institution-an institution that not only affects global cultures, but also one that, given its role in the post-war mapping and remapping of the globe, has been intimately bound up in the construction of “culture” as a theoretical category, and “cultural studies” as an academic discipline. Contrary to assessments of the Bank that figure the institution as a metonymic stand-in for “globalization,” this book reads the Bank as a protean institution that has undergone a series of transformations during its sixty-year history, in which we can see the World Bank maneuvering to contain resistance and manage crises … (full text).

His teachings; his vita; his projects.

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Bret Benjamin – USA

World Bank Literature … Under Control, reading the facts ans FAQs of population control, page 201.

He signs the Open Letter Opposing War in Iraq.

The book: A Guide to On-Line Writing, by Daniel Anderson, Bret Benjamin, and Bill Paredes-Holt. Ed. Allyn and Bacon, 1998.

Find his publications on AddAll; on bookfinder; on amazon.

Book-review – Invested Interests, Capital, Culture, and the World Bank, 304 pages, 2007:

  • … by Bret Benjamin:Benjamin maps the (World-) Bank’s contemporary rhetorical maneuvering in the wake of ever-intensifying protests, offering close readings of the World Bank’s corporate literature, the activities of the antiglobalization World Social Forum, and the writings of prominent Bank critic Arundhati Roy, including her novel The God of Small Things. Deftly investigating the World Bank’s ideological struggles over six decades, Invested Interests develops a conceptually and politically nuanced critique of the Bank as a cultural institution deeply enmeshed in the last century’s historical transformations of imperial power and anti-imperial struggle. (full text).
  • by Phil Wegner;
  • by books xyz; BOOK SYNOPSIS: Despite the World Bank’s profound impact on economic, political, and social conditions during the post–World War II era, cultural critics who rigorously theorize other institutions of colonialism and globalization have largely ignored the institution. Working to correct this blind spot, Bret Benjamin’s Invested Interests presents the first extended cultural analysis of the World Bank … (full text);

World Social Forum Pictures.

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Janusz Korczak alias Henryk Goldszmit – Poland (1877 – 1942)

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Linked with The Janusz Korczak International News, with JKB Korczak Prize in Burundi: Encouraging peace, and with Center for the Protection of Children, Bishkek.

Janusz Korczak, the pen name of Henryk Goldszmit (July 22, 1877 – August 1942):

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Janusz Korczak alias Henryk Goldszmit – Poland (1877 – 1942)

The video: Story of a Hero, Janusz Korczak … , 3.32 min, Added: May 19, 2007.

A voice for the child.

King of children, July 23, 2008.

From 1911, Janusz Korczak led the orphan house, Dom Sierot. He developed the ideas of a peaceful and classless society. In 1919, he created another children’s house called, Nasz Dom, which means “our house.” Janusz was always fighting for a better community and education for the children. He was a principal for the children houses, a doctor, a publisher of a children’s newspaper, as well as an author. Korczak was also an expert witness in the district court of minors. In this position, he always sided with the children … (full text).

Yad Vashem marks 66 years since the murder of Janusz Korczak and the children, August 6, 2008.

Find him also on the polnish wikipedia; on about.com; on Britannica Online Encyclopedia; on Warsawghetto; as Dr Henryk Goldszmit (Janusz Korczak) 1878-1942; as stamp (scroll down): Dr Henryk Goldszmit (Janusz Korczak) 1878-1942; on Encyclopedia /Henryk Goldszmit; on Science surf; in the book: The King Of Children, as Henryk Goldszmit.

Find him in other languages:

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Maya Shovkhalova – Russian Federation

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She is one of the 1000 women proposed for the Nobel Peace Price 2005.

Having suffered Stalin’s deportation of the Chechen people to Central Asia, Maya Shovkhalova (born 1936) returned to Grozny in 1958. She graduated from the Tbilisi Music Conservatory. In the 1990s, she was a member of the Commission on Rehabilitation of Victims of the 1944-1956 Repressions in Chechnya. Since the beginning of the Russian-Chechen armed conflict, Maya has been engaged in anti-war activism, cooperating with international as well as Russian NGOs. She is also head of the NGO Iberia which focuses on the issues of demining and banning of land mines … (1000peacewomen 1/2).

She says: “We condemn acts of terrorism irrespectively of whether they are committed by groups of bandits or by the Russian military.” (From the appeal of Chechen peace advocates to the world community)

She is signing the Public Appeal of Chechen NGOs of Prague Watchdog, 29th 2003,
… and here the appeal on Kafkas Vakfi.

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Sorry, no photo found of Maya Shovkhalova – Russian Federation

She works for Iberia, and for Yaltinskaya initsyativa za mir v Chechnie YIMC.

Maya Shovhalova was born in Grozny in 1936. Having suffered Stalin’s deportation of the Chechen people to Kazakhstan, Maya returned to Grozny in 1958. After graduating from Tbilisi Music Conservatory (Georgia), she worked as a soloist at the theater and the Philharmonic Hall in Grozny. For some time she was engaged in teaching. She was a member of the Commission on Rehabilitation of Victims of Political Repressions in Chechnya during 1944-1956. Since the beginning of the Russian-Chechen armed conflict Maya has been taking an active part in human rights advocacy activities.

In February 1944, during the deportation of all the Chechens and Ingushs to Central Asia, staged by the Soviet regime, a horrible tragedy happened: 700 inhabitants of Khaibakh, a high mountain Chechen village, were burnt alive in the building of the local club by a Soviet punitive detachment.

It was not until the 1990s that this barbarous act was investigated. Maya Shovkhalova took an active part in the work of the Investigation Commission on Khaibakh events that made public this and other crimes against humanity at the time of Stalin’s repressions.

The beginning of democratic changes in the Soviet Union and the committed work of human rights activists who revealed the crimes of the communist regime gave hope that such tragedies would never be repeated. But hopes were dashed by the following developments which resulted in the Russian-Chechen armed conflict. During the first military campaign Maya helped the wounded, took part in negotiations between the Chechen president Dudaev’s representatives and the Russian soldiers’ mothers who wanted to return their sons back home. Unfortunately all the efforts of the peace advocates failed to stop the savage war.

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Nilda Estigarribia – Paraguay

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She is one of the 1000 women proposed for the Nobel Peace Price 2005.

Nilda Estigarribia grew up fighting against the abuses committed by the Paraguayan military dictatorship led by General Alfredo Stroessner (1954-1989). She was part of the only organization for the defense of human rights to exist during that period. She was under observation by the military forces. Several times, she escaped becoming a victim of repression. She was constantly banging on the doors of police stations and jail cells to find and assist torture victims. The Dictatorship ended–but her activism did not. There are still many tasks pending … (1000peacewomen 1/2).

She says: “During the dictatorship, torture had its most visible identification in men, while the faces of women were evidenced for giving humanitarian assistance in prisons, hospitals and cemeteries.

She is mentionned as Political Heroe.

Las pantallas del poder. (Comisión Nacional de Derechos Humanos) (TT: Screens of power.)(TA: Human rights comission).

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Nilda Estigarribia – Paraguay

She works for Comisión Nacional de Derechos Humanos CONADEH.

… “When I was 13 years old I escaped through the roofs and I jumped over the walls slipping away from the repressive police of that time”. Thus said Nilda Estigarribia, who was born and grew up in Paraguay. The memories referred to are from the time of the military dictatorship of Alfredo Stroessner (1954-1989). Nilda was then a militant member of the Youth Section of the Partido Liberal Radical Auténtico (PLRA), known as the “Avalón Club“. The experience of seeing her companions taken by the police and returned having been tortured had a decisive influence on her in her untiring fight for the defence of human rights.

She was born in the rural community of Natalicio Talavera, a jurisdiction in the administrative district of Guaira. Nilda had a happy childhood. She was born the middle child of nine brothers and sisters under the discipline of a father who instilled into her the value of honesty and dedication to work. As an adolescent that gave her the security she needed to enter the Youth Organization.

“We used to arrange clandestine meetings in cellars, inner patios and family houses, fearing that the repressive forces would come at any moment. We distributed pamphlets, painted murals on the walls of the streets and we slipped into schools and universities to make denunciations and we had to do it quickly, to erase all traces as soon as possible”.

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Nigar Ataulla – India, Bangalore

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Linked with Muslim Women: The Dangerous Triangle, with Indian Muslims And The Media, and with ISLAMIC VOICE.

Nigar Ataulla is the Associate Editor of the Bangalore-based magazine Islamic Voice.

She writes: … Muslim representation in the Indian media is dismal, while Muslims’ share in media ownership is even more pathetic. Muslims do not have any considerable hold over the media. In northern India, several Urdu newspapers owned by Muslims have gradually closed down or rapidly lost circulation. In contrast, Urdu dailies from centres like Mumbai, Hyderabad, Aurangabad, Kolkata and even Bangalore are doing well and look professional. Muslims are yet to have any major presence in TV channel ownership, though the two or three that exist today devote a large share of time to religious issues, rather than on other social-economic issues facing the community … (full text).

Struggle Against the Odds: The Story of a Muslim Youth, January 13, 2008.

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Sorry, I found no photo of Nigar Ataulla – India, Bangalore

Calligraphy: art works from the heart, 25 June 2007.

She writes also: The Quran and Sunnah are the two primary sources of the religion of Islam. Sunnah narrations are known as Hadith. Hadith stands for what is transmitted by a chain of narrators as Prophet Muhammad’s (Pbuh) words, deeds, what bore his tacit approval, or the description of his person … (her review of the book Fake Pearls).

Non-Muslim Voices Speak for Muslims, April 2003.

And she writes: It was a perfect picture of peace and harmony, as eminent intellectuals, social workers and human rights activists-all non-Muslims stood up in one voice in favour of the Muslims and the riot-hit victims in Gujarat. VOICES, an NGO in collaboration with ActionAid India, organised a seminar on “Gujarat, Governance and the Media” recently. Ashish Sen, Director, VOICES, put across a very pertinent question-how many publications really carry items that are of relevance to the common man-like death of the tribals, oppression on minorities? … (full text).

She reviews books in children’s corner, October 2001.

Find her name and her publications on Google Group-search; on Google Scholar-search; on Google Blog-search.

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Sam Akaki – Uganda

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Linked with Is Africa A Cold War Battleground;

Sam Akaki is Executive Director, Democratic Institutions for Poverty Reduction in Africa DIPRA (no own website found).

… Mr Sam Akaki, the FDC International envoy to the United Kingdom and the European Union said, “I have heard with deep sorrow the tragic death of Dr Kiggundu who passed away this morning. He was a towering monument of national unity who proved wrong those who have claimed that politics has divided Ugandans on tribal and religious lines. He was a Muslim while I am a Christian, and he was a Muganda while I am from Lango. But in Dr Kigundu, I and millions of Ugandans from religious and tribal backgrounds found a kind and loving brother, unlce, father and a friend. It was Dr kigunddu who introduced me to Abu Mayanja who was another unifying Ugandan. Inalilahi Wa Inalilahi” … (full text of ‘FDC’s Sulaiman Kiggundu is Dead‘, June 20, 2008).

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Sam Akaki – Uganda

Sam Akaki Quotes.

He writes: … I congratulate Sunday Vision for the interview with ANC leader Jacob Zuma titled, “No racism in South Africa.” The interview will send a clear message to the British and other Western countries that they are not going to use the crisis in Zimbabwe, which they created, to divide either the African National Congress (ANC) or the African Union so to control Africa again. The West, especially the British, had been trying to push Zuma to swallow their bait by publicly criticising Robert Mugabe thus driving a dangerous wedge between him and President Thabo Mbeki who has been pursuing quiet but fruitful diplomacy to defuse the problems in Zimbabwe … (full text, 27th July, 2008).

Sam Akaki says the tragedy in Zimbabwe blinds us to worse calamities afflicting other African nations, July 15, 2008.

For Mr Akati, the solution to all this unfair and nasty bullying of the Mugabe regime is the return of a Conservative government: … “Only with the Conservative Party in power in the UK can that country hope to salvage its rapidly deteriorating relationship with Zimbabwe and Africa. Isn’t it now plainly clear that the British relationship with Zimbabwe in particular and Africa in general will not improve until the Conservative Party takes over in the United Kingdom” … (full text, 03 June 2008).

He has said (he is cited by Fred Khumalo): … ““The first step is to recognise that liberal democracy, which they are enjoying in the UK today, did not happen overnight, but it took centuries, during which King Charles was beheaded. Therefore, it is totally unrealistic to expect Africa, which is only 50 years old, and Zimbabwe, which is just 28 years old, to practise perfect Western liberal democracy” … (full text, July 15, 2008).

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Paul Jay – Canada

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Linked with China – Olympics – Capitalism – Naomi Klein.

Paul Jay is a Canadian journalist who is currently chair of Independent World TelevisionThe Real News, a project to establish an independent news and current affairs network without government or corporate funding TheRealNews.com The network will be supported by its viewers … (full text).

He says: …”We’re fundamentally about being able to speak to a mass audience. We’re not trying to be another source that supplements the kind of information sources that already exist for very politicized people. If you’re very political and you’re at all web-savvy, there are actually a lot of places you can go to get information right now. In the final analysis, that’s not our target audience. Of course we want those people to be with us, and we’re very much going to depend on them for financial support, for spreading the word, for helping us get angles on stories, and even for citizen journalism. But we want to get to that thirty, forty, or fifty million who know there’s something wrong, who know the television news they’re getting is bad, who know the country is headed in a very dangerous direction — not just the country, the world. In the U.S. there are at least forty or fifty million people out there who do not believe Saddam was connected to 9/11, who don’t think that weapons of mass destruction were found in Iraq. If you look at the polls, 40% or 50% of the country is quite clear on the issues. We want to be big enough to make an impact” … (full interview text).

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Paul Jay – Canada

Video: Paul Jay, CEO of The Real News Network, is interviewed by Daljit Dhaliwal, host of PBS Foreign Exchange, on RealNews.com, 9.10 min, August 10, 2008:

The Real News CEO and Founder Paul Jay interview at NCMR07

Paul Jay Speaks about The Real News Mission.

Jay was also the creator and executive producer of CBC Newsworld’s flagship debate program counterSpin.

In the final segment of the interview, Paul Jay summarizes the current situation and asks Professor Sahimi: “Where do we go from here?” Watch the interview on The Real News Network. See also on j films.

Movie search for Paul Jay.

Jay is also: the founding chair of ‘Hot Docs‘, the Canadian international documentary film festival.

Reviews: of Hitman Hart, wrestling with shadows; of Return to Kandahar: on Macleans review, on Globe and Mail review, on Ottawa Citizen.

The REAL News: Paul Jay talks to Eric Margolis.

Find his name also: on Google Video-search; on Google Book-search; on Google Group-search; on Google Blog-search. (As Paul and Jay are common names, you may find works of other persons in these links – mainly in all kind of book-searches).

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Zaida Cabral – Mozambique

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Linked with 2080 land cases treated in Mozambican city in 18 months.

She is one of the 1000 women proposed for the Nobel Peace Price 2005.

Zaida Cabral, born in 1951 in Maputo (Mozambique), is an educationalist. She is currently an education advisor for the Danish NGO Danida in the Mozambiquan capital Maputo. She has a master’s degree in education and has served as a researcher and as national director of primary education at the ministry of education. She was also a member of parliament. Her focus is on empowering women and the girl-child. She is one of the most prominent educationalists in Mozambique … (1000peacewomen 1/2).

She says: “I believe in education. If people have access to education, they can make a difference in their lives, Particularly women” … and: ““Children in Mozambique grow up in their mother tongue, which is the language of their community. Once they start going to school, the language of instruction is Portuguese, which they don’t understand at all. Entering school this way is a traumatic experience for our children” … and: “It was so difficult to convince the parents. They want their children to speak Portuguese as soon as possible, the language which is perceived as superior. Parents think that when their children speak the vernacular, they will remain as poor as they are.” Even the government was not supportive. “I was accused by people in the ministry that I wanted to delay the children’s development. But I just wanted to make it easier for the child.” … and: “I feel very frustrated in many aspects of my professional life. Most people in authority are not interested in changing things. But I think I am a fighter. I believe we can achieve lots of things in life by being honest, fighting for our ideals and not thinking of ourselves, but the next generation and the women. People deserve a better life.” (1000peacewomen).

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Zaida Cabral – Mozambique

She works for the Danish International Development Agency DANIDA ActionAid.

Diaporama: GENDER EQUALITY AND EDUCATION IN MOZAMBIQUE.

Find her name on Google Book-search.

(1000peacewomen 2/2): … Those white papers with signs on it did not mean much to Teresa. The 30-year-old village woman had seen them regularly for years in her husband’s wallet. That was before she ever had the opportunity to go to school. But efforts were made by the government of Mozambique and international organisations to educate rural women, and Teresa managed to learn to read after she turned 30. As a result, her husband was in trouble. Teresa discovered that those papers she had found over the previous years were letters from her husband’s lover.

When Zaida Cabral narrates the story Teresa herself had told her, pride flickers in her eyes and a big smile forms on her lips. “Teresa realized that her husband had cheated on her for long. But as a literate woman, she was now able to make her own decisions”, Zaida comments. Her conviction is clear: “I believe in education. If people have access to education, they can make a difference in their lives. Particularly women.”

The 53-year-old mother of two grown sons knows what she is talking about. Her way to being one of the most prominent educationalists in Mozambique was one of struggle. Born in a poor Muslim family in the capital Maputo, she could only complete four years of primary education. It was not until she was 19 that she was able to further her studies by attending evening classes while working during the day. She got married, had two sons and had to keep on working as a secretary, librarian and accountant. At age 28, she began studying education science. In 1995, aged 44, Zaida obtained a Master’s degree in Education from the University of Stockholm in Sweden.

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Karla-Maria Schälike – Germany and Kyrgyzstan

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She is one of the 1000 women proposed for the Nobel Peace Price 2005.

When the Children’s Center “Nadjeschda” (hope) began to work with abandoned children in 1989, hardly anyone in Kyrgyzstan knew what future these children would face. In the village where the children were to be cared for, feelings of fear, hate, and aggression arose. It was difficult to find people to help. However, it eventually became possible to improve the health of these children and help them become part of society. The Kyrgyz public was made aware that these children are human beings who can be helped. A journalist dubbed the Children’s Center Nadjeschda “Island of Brotherly Love” … (1000peacewomen 1/2).

She says: “These disabled, rejected, so-called ineducable children show us adults what we so often forget in our daily struggle: without love between people our lives would be cold and barren” … (1000peacewomen).

Impressum.

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Karla-Maria Schälike – Germany and Kyrgyzstan

She works for the Children’s Center Nadjeschda (see more next paragraphe).

… After this meeting and visit, Bermet took us to the “Children’s Rehabilitation Center‘s Umut-Nadjeshda”: If parents in Kyrgyzstan are confronted with the birth of a disabled child a heavy fate is in front of them. These children find themselves isolated from the community and a few people are interested in their fate. Many disabled children are admitted as retarded and all kindergartens or schools close their doors to them. It was Karla-Maria Schälike, living in Kyrgyzstan, but a native German woman, started this Centre where mental and physically disabled children with help of adults, sign, draw, study, work and have fun as all children in the world do. The Nadjeshda Children’s Center is a home for 60 children and teenagers, aged between 2 and 21 years. They are regarded as “worthless, discarded children”. They work with these children using therapeutic pedagogical methods, including elements of the Waldorf pedagogy and that of Janusz Korczak. The result is that with time around half of the “uneducable” are able to move into the state institutions … (full text).

… Sichtlich berührt stellte Karima Hartmann die Friedensfrau Karla-Maria Schälike vor und befragte sie zu „Nadjeschda“ („Hoffnung“), einem Zentrum für ausgesetzte behinderte Kinder, das Schälike 1989 nach dem Tod ihres Sohnes in Kirgisien gegründet hat. Offen berichtete sie von den Schikanen und Einschüchterungsversuchen der örtlichen Behörden, die das Projekt jahrelang begleitet haben – aber auch von dem Stolz und der Freude, die es ihr bereitet, „ihre“ Kinder dort aufwachsen zu sehen … (full text).

(1000peacewomen 2/2): … “In the Children’s Center Nadjeschda I experience daily how the buds of my vision for a loving future shared by children and adults living together blossom, in the Children’s Center Nadjeschda I experience daily how the buds of my vision for a loving future shared by children and adults living together blossom,” says Karla-Maria Schälike. This is her account of how this center came about: In 1977, I was awarded a scholarship by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) to attend the Pushkin Institute in Moscow.

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Margaret Hassan – Ireland-England-Iraq (1945 – 2004?)

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Linked with The Tragic Last Moments Of Margaret Hassan.

Margaret Hassan (also known as Madam Margaret), born April 18, 1945 was an aid worker who had worked in Iraq for many years until she was abducted and murdered by unidentified kidnappers in Iraq in 2004, at the age of 59. She was born Margaret Fitzsimmons in Dalkey, County Dublin, Ireland, to parents Peter and Mary Fitzsimmons. However, soon after the end of World War II her family moved to London, England, where she spent most of her early life and where her younger siblings were born. At the age of twenty seven she married Tahseen Ali Hassan, a twenty-nine-year-old Iraqi studying engineering in the United Kingdom. She moved to Iraq with him in 1972, when she began work with the British Council of Baghdad, teaching English. Eventually she learned Arabic and became an Iraqi citizen, as was required of foreigners under Saddam Hussein’s government. She remained a Roman Catholic throughout her life and never converted to Islam as was widely reported after her death. A requiem Mass was held for her, after her death was confirmed, at Westminster Cathedral by Cardinal Cormac Murphy O’Connor … and: Aftermath: … At least eight other women kidnapped by insurgents during the conflict were released unharmed by their captors (Simona Pari, Simona Torretta, Florence Aubenas, Giuliana Sgrena, Teresa Borcz Khalifa, Hannelore Krause, Marie Jeanne Ion, and Jill Carroll) … and: … It is unclear why Margaret Hassan, who was opposed to the war, was killed; the kidnappers did not identify their group nor their aims … (my comment: for me the revenge of a secret US-ultra right wing commando makes the only real sense, just because she was against war) … (full text).

It is said: “Margaret’s loss is not only to her family but also to the Iraqi people for whom she worked tirelessly and for whom she gave her life”.

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Margaret Hassan – Ireland-England-Iraq (1945 – 2004?)

Sister in plea over Hassan’s body, June 4, 2006.

UK tactics ‘led to Hassan death’, June 4, 2006.

… Downing Street has declined to respond to Mrs Hassan’s call for British troops to stay out of Baghdad and quit Iraq … (full text, October 22, 2004).

… Arab network Al-Jazeera reported, “Al-Jazeera has obtained a video showing a masked militant shooting a blindfolded woman, who was referred to as Margaret Hassan, in the head using a handgun. Al-Jazeera decided to wait on reporting the news until it confirmed the authenticity of the tape” … (full text, Nov. 17, 2004).

Mystery remains over who killed Margaret Hassan.

… Mrs Hassan was snatched by gunmen two weeks ago. She has since been shown on videotapes pleading for Britain to withdraw troops from Iraq. Zarqawi’s Tawhid and Jihad group, believed to number up to 500 militants, is suspected of the direct kidnapping and beheading of a number of Westerners in Iraq, including Mr Bigley last month. Many of the killings have been videotaped and broadcast over the internet. Mrs Hassan, 59, was born in Dublin and has family in Kenmare, County Kerry although her sisters Deirdre and Catherine Fitzsimons now live in London. Mrs Hassan, who has British, Irish and Iraqi nationality, was seized on 19 October by unidentified kidnappers. A Foreign office spokesman would not comment on the latest events, saying the government’s position of not negotiating with kidnappers had been made clear … (full text, Nov. 2, 2004).

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Dragica Aleksa – Croatia

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Linked with Global Partnership for the Prevention of armed conflict GPPAC, and with Center for Education, Counselling and Research CESI.

She is one of the 1000 women proposed for the Nobel Peace Price 2005.

Before the war, Dragica Aleksa lived comfortably with her husband and two children on their farm in the village of Berak. The war in 1991 tore mothers and their children from their families, and Dragica and her son were not spared. Her family was reunited in another village later, but after the war, in 1998, Dragica returned to Berak. She joined the Center for Peace, Nonviolence, and Human Rights and took part in its Active Listening project. The result was her collection of “Stories from Berak.” Dragica also actively worked to find missing persons and in peace building efforts. Dragica Aleksa was born on 3 August 1952 in Svinjarevci, a small village in eastern Croatia. After attending primary school she went to a high school in Vinkovci … (1000peacewomen).

She says: “The past is memories, the future – hope. And only present moments give us the opportunity to do something for ourselves and others”.

download: Stories from Berak.

Predstavljene kandidatkinje za Nobelovu nagradu za mir.

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Dragica Aleksa – Croatia: sorry, the photo on this link of this peacewomen page cannot be downloaded, and I found no other one in the internet.

She works for the Center for Peace, Nonviolence, and Human Rights.

Since she had good grades, her parents expected that she would study economics or medicine. But Dragica wanted to study forestry, a field largely reserved for males and which her parents opposed. So instead of going to the university, Dragica married a farmer. Since then she and her husband engaged in agriculture in Berak.

Life was not easy, but she and her husband worked hard and even applied innovations, so they were quite successful economically. She was contented although she differed from the usual woman peasant in her love for reading, an activity largely considered a waste of time. She enjoyed talking to people but rarely felt that they truly understood her.

That is why she turned all her joy and sadness, hopes and fears into writing. She did not care any more what other people would think. In her own world she could write freely, unlike the “peasant woman who is not supposed to write.” Life went on as usual. She had two children and thought that life was good. She had many friends that she could always rely on.

Then the year 1990 came. Incomprehensible things began to happen. The once forbidden ultra-nationalist songs were being sung more and more frequently and loudly. The news on television and in the papers was about the impending war. People could not understand how and why there should be war. Dragica thought that if there should be war, it would certainly not be in Berak.

But on 30 September 1991, two men from the village came and told her that she and her eleven-year-old son had to leave for a couple of days. All the women and children from the village had to leave in a transport that was organized for them. Through a forest and across the fields they drove to a village 30 kilometers away.

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Binda Pandey – Nepal

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She is one of the 1000 women proposed for the Nobel Peace Price 2005.

Binda Pandey (born 1966) has been involved in Nepal’s trade union movement for the past 15 years as an activist and educator. She is a leader of the iron and chemical workers’ unions, and the driving force behind most publications brought out by Gefont, one of the largest confederations of Nepalese trade unions. Responsible for many women joining trade unions and fighting for their rights, she currently plays an active role in the movement for the restoration of democracy in Nepal. (1000peacewomen).

She says: … “After being admitted at the school, I used to need to take care of my family as well as domestic animals, because elder sisters had already married and brothers were in city. For the purpose, collecting fodder and grasses as well as fetching water for cattle in the morning as well as in the evening during out time of the school, used to be routine work. Similarly, I used to need to work in the land in the weekend and holiday. Anyhow, I should consider myself lucky enough for the educational opportunity in compare to my elders sisters as well as other village girls in my age, regardless how difficult it was” … (full long text about herself).

It is said: Labor activist and educator Binda Pandey has brought many women into Nepal’s active trade union movement, and is sticking her neck out for the restoration of democracy in Nepal.

A website in Nepalese language.

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Binda Pandey – Nepal

She works for the General Federation of Nepalese Trade Unions GEFONT (on wikipedia, the GEFONT-homepage beeing blocked by a virus, as mentioned), and for the International Federation of Chemical, Energy, Mines and General Workers’ Unions (Icem.org).

AIT alumna from Nepal Nominated as a Single Entity for the Nobel Peace Prize 2005.

Find her name on Google blog-search.

She says also (about on quotas for the participation of women in trade union decision-making structures and meetings): … “They are, without a doubt, very useful in developing countries, where it is very difficult for a woman trade union leader to gain acceptance. Although the delegations attending international trade union congresses are more mixed than in the past, it’s still rare to see a woman getting up and speaking, because there are still too few of them in the posts of general secretary and chairperson. I’m convinced that it would be even more difficult without quotas for women (and young people), which is why this system has to be maintained, and even strengthened, for some years to come. The ITUC Constitution demands at least 30% female participation in trade union delegations and meetings, but women represent 40% of the ITUC’s membership. So why not demand 40% female representation in delegations and meetings?”. (full interview text).

1000peacewomen … Unfazed by teargas shells, batons and rubber bullets, Binda Pandey (born 1966) is at the vanguard of those fighting to restore democracy in Nepal. This firebrand trade union leader was arrested and released three times in 2004 for campaigning for democracy on the streets of Kathmandu. Since February 1, she has been on a government watchlist, and is disallowed from leaving Kathmandu valley.

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Zuleika Alembert – Brazil

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She is one of the 1000 women proposed for the Nobel Peace Price 2005.

Zuleika Alembert (1922) started her political militancy fighting against the dictatorship of Getúlio Vargas during the Estado Novo (New State – second phase of Vargas’ first government – 1937-1945). She was elected constituent deputy for the state of São Paulo, affiliated to the Communist Party of Brazil. She fought for the formulation of a specific public policy for women. She was one of the founders of the State Council for the Female Condition in São Paulo. Since 1992, she supports eco-feminism. At age 83, living alone in Rio, Zuleika Alembert is a woman that exhales physical strength and, above all, an impressive intellectual knowledge when it comes to defending the union between the preservation of the environment and gender equality … (1000peacewomen 2/2).

She says: “Today, I am aware of the fact that women will not be free until the environmental problem is solved. As long as I have a strand of life, I will dedicate it to these two causes”.

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Zuleika Alembert – Brazil

As a congresswoman, she defended the Christmas bonus that led to the 13th salary benefit. As a militant of the Communist Party in the 40’s, she began supporting the incorporation of gender matters to the Marxist battle. For many years, she considered herself a “Marxist that used to study women’s problems”. In 1980, she accepted a feminist identity inside the party and, three years later, when she left the party, she dedicated herself exclusively to the cause.

Her militancy as a communist began when she was a congresswoman in the 40’s. She lost the right to fulfill her term of office when the Communist Party was classified as illegal. Between 1951 and 1954, she was the general-secretary of the Communist Youth.

Ten years later, the military coup persecuted her and so she carried on her mission illegally. Exiled, she militated against the Vietnam War, helped other Brazilians that had been exiled and was one of the creators of the Committee of Brazilian Women Living Abroad – to help refugees that arrived in Paris, running from the military coup that brought down Salvador Allende from the presidency of Chile.

Author of eight books, she has just published a collection of articles called “Women in History – The History of Women”. Zuleika sustains that, in the search for gender equality, democracy is a fundamental aspect. “As long as, in Brazilian politics, only 10% of the elective positions are occupied by women, we will not be able to say that democracy is a reality.”

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Letizia Battaglia – Italy

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She is one of the 1000 women proposed for the Nobel Peace Price 2005.

Letizia Battaglia, Sicilian, born in 1935, is a photographer. With her camera she captures Sicilian life: the cruel violence of the Cosa Nostra and the deep pain of Mafia victims. With her photographs, she breaks the “omertà”, the silence that surrounds the Cosa Nostra. Although she has received death threats, she keeps taking pictures. From 1991 to 2001, as head of the environmental department, she tried to improve living conditions for the inhabitants of Palermo. With women from the anti-Mafia organization Mezzocielo (Half the Sky), she fights against inhumanity and injustice … (1000peacewomen 1/2).

She says: “My land free from the Mafia: this is my dream, this is my struggle” … and: “I am angry and will most likely die angry” … and: “We Sicilians suffer,” says Letizia Battaglia. “We live in Italy, in Europe, but this is a war and we are not free. That is not an exaggeration. That is the reality. The Cosa Nostra deals in weapons, drugs and people. It demands so-called protection money from businessmen. It obtains public works contracts by fraud and sells highly toxic waste. The Mafiosi make billions” … (1000peacewomen 1/2).

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Letizia Battaglia – Italy

She works for Mezzocielo.

Letizia Battaglia (born 1935) is a Sicilian photographer and photojournalist. Although her photos document a wide spectrum of Sicilian life, she is best known for her work on the Mafia … (wikipedia).

The video: Letizia Battaglia, 5.14 min, added December 27, 2007.

Photogalleries: In mostra Letizia Battaglia; and Foto di Letizia Battaglia; and 1999 Life Time Achievement; and Letizia Battaglia: Bildmaterial der Dr.-Erich-Salomon-Preisträgerin 2007.

Images results for Letizia Battaglia by Google images-search.

Se says also: … “The Italian Government has stopped the State’s fight against the Mafia. And the Mafia has stopped its war against the State. But the Cosa Nostra has not disappeared. Rather, it has become invisible and changed its strategy. They don’t have to shoot anyone anymore. They already have all the power and are stronger than ever. Policemen and district attorneys confirm this terrible allegation” … (full text).

Documentary: BATTAGLIA, by Daniela Zanzotto.

… Der Dr.-Erich-Salomon-Preis der DGPh geht dieses Jahr an die Fotografin Letizia Battaglia, die sich ganz dem Kampf gegen die Mafia verschrieben hat … (full text).

Vita di una fotografa antimafia: “Lotta, amore e gioia”, Intervista a Letizia Battaglia di Elena Ciccarello (an interview in Italian).

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Sinuan – Laos, Akha tribe

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Linked with AKHA.net; and with Articles for Indigenous Peoples on our blogs.

She is one of the 1000 women proposed for the Nobel Peace Price 2005.

Sinuan does not know exactly when she was born. In 2005, she estimates that she is around 40 years old. Born in Huay Ung, on the Burmese border, her parents moved to Laos when she was young. Her family moved often to find good land to till, so Sinuan had no chance to go to school. Sinuan works as a field officer for the Rural Development Project which operates in the mountainous northern area of Laos, responding to the needs of the tribal communities who live there. The project is supported by the German International Technical Development Agency … (1000peacewomen 1/1).

The Akha are an ethnic group which originated in China and Tibet. Most of the remaining Akha people are now distributed in small villages among the mountains of China (where they are considered part of the Hani by the government, though this is a subject of some dispute among the Akha themselves), Laos (where they are considered Lao Sung), Myanmar (Burma), and northern Thailand, where they are one of the six main hill tribes … (full text).

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Sorry, I found no specific photo of Sinuan, of the Akha tribe in Laos, but a picture of an elderly Akha-women.

She works for the Rural Development Project.

Watch this videos: Akha Festival, 6.21 min, added March 17, 2008; Akha Swing Festival, 2.49 min, added November 20, 2006; Akha TV 6 Amue Athu, 32.55 min, added April 15, 2007; Akha TV 4 Akha Crab Hunt, 22.50 min, added February 09, 2007; Akha Children Sing, 4.51 min, added December 26, 2006; Akha: Queen’s Royal Project Rips off Hooh Yoh Akha’s Land, 2.08 min, added December 11, 2006.

She says: “I shall wage war against traditional culture that subjugates Akhan women” … and: “All the curses are dumped on Akhan women, men are good for anything, but women are often treated badly. Men have rights, but women have nothing”.

… The Akhas, often by the Thais called ‘Egor’ (a derogatory name) have one of the lowest status levels in Thailand. There are even other hill tribes who look down on them. Originating from Tibet, the Akha migrated south into Burma, Laos and Thailand more than a century ago, along with the other hill tribes. Persecution under the military regime in Burma caused many more to arrive in Northern Thailand as refugees over the past few decades, and though many have lived here since childhood they remain stateless and subject to exploitation from drug lords, abuse by corrupt and immoral police, as well as being considered worthless peasants by many Thai people … (full text The real story of Thailand’s Akha tribe, by Paul Horstermans, March 16, 2006).

(1000peacewomen 2/2) … “I shall wage war against traditional culture that subjugates Akhan women”. This beautiful, yet audacious remark, was made by a forty-year-old woman from the Akha tribe. Sinuan, whose indigenous name is Eusue, resides in Ban Huaykaem, Muang Singha District, Luangnamtha Province.

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Elisa Gahapon del Puerto – Philippines (1957- *)

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Elisa Gahapon del Puerto has passed away … (just this mention on her 1000peacewomen 1/2-page) …
… but not any mention of her dead’s date, nor how she died !!! Nothing in any online-news or articles. Was this all about a brave women on this planet ??

She was one of the 1000 women proposed for the Nobel Peace Price 2005.

Elisa Gahapon del Puerto, a social worker, had spent more than two decades forging peace and healing the wounds of war in the province of Basilan. Her efforts had led to a continuing dialogue among warring rebel factions such as the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF), the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) and the Abu Sayyaf Group. Under the Prelature of Isabela and the Christian Children’s Fund (CCF), she implemented programs and services to address the people’s urgent needs such as health, water supply, housing, literacy, environmental conservation and peace advocacy. Elisa del Puerto was born (1957) to an upper middle class family. Her mother was a nurse; her father was head of a private company in Maluso. Her childhood was almost idyllic. Basilan was then a quiet place to live in, where Muslims, Christians and Yakans, the indigenous people of the place, went about their daily lives peacefully and in harmony … (1000peacewomen 1/2).

She said: “I am childless but I have 40,000 children. The children in Basilan suffer the most from this senseless war and they need all the love and help we can give them”.

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Elisa Gahapon del Puerto – Philippines (1957- *).

She worked for the Christian Children’s Fund CCF.

… This peace was shattered by events that presaged the declaration of Martial Law in the Philippines in 1972. And so, while Elisa’s older siblings were afforded a college education in Manila, she was forced to stay behind and quit school. “You see,” she said, “I, myself, am a victim of this conflict.”

Undeterred, Elisa at 17 took on a job cooking for soldiers stationed in their town. She recalled with amusement her early efforts to earn her own money. Soldiers took pity on this earnest young woman and agreed to have her to cook for them. “Actually, it was my grandmother who cooked. I just brought the food to the soldiers,” she recalled.

There were times when the soldiers would let her go with them to various places in the province. Impressed by the unspoiled beauty of the places she visited, Elisa vowed to stay and help keep peace in her home province.

With her earnings from catering, she resumed her studies, switching from Political Science which she started at the Ateneo de Zamboanga, to Social Work at the Zamboanga State College (now Western Mindanao State University) She felt that social work would be of useful if she was to keep her vow to do her share in building peace in Basilan.

At 19, even as a student, she served in the Prelature of Basilan doing community organizing at the request of Bishop Querexeta, who nurtured her youthful idealism. She got deeply involved in adult literacy work, rehabilitation and peace building from 1977-1990.

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Devinder Sharma – India

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Linked with mindfully.org, with Food policy and Globalization, and with Indian Food Policy IFP.

Devinder Sharma is an Indian journalist, writer, thinker. He is well-known and respected for his views on food and trade policy. Trained as an agricultural scientist, Sharma has been the Development Editor of the Indian Express, the largest selling English language daily in India at that time. He quit active journalism to research on policy issues concerning sustainable agriculture, biodiversity and intellectual property rights, environment and development, food security and poverty, biotechnology and hunger, and the implications of the free trade paradigm for developing countries. He has been a Visiting Fellow to the International Rice Research Institute, in the Philippines; Visiting Fellow at the School of Development Studies at the University of East Anglia, Norwich/UK; and a Visiting Fellow at the University of Cambridge/UK … (full text).

He says: … “Before 1995, it was not a dead world, we had seen trade for the last 10,000 years and trade is always between equal partners. Today’s model tells us whether you have surplus or no surplus, you must buy. But that was not the pattern earlier. All this is owing to misplaced priorities. There is no frontal attack on eradicating poverty. We are trying to remove poverty by trade. Somebody someday will stand up and say this is not what we want. People’s voice is the ultimate power to attaining equality and justice. Today it’s the dream of a few companies which is controlling the global agenda. I am sure people would understand and the process has already begun, and now we realize the strength in numbers. (full interview text, Jan. 07, 2004).

Displacing farmers: India Will Have 400 million Agricultural Refugees, Neoliberal Reforms Wreak Havoc.

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Devinder Sharma – India

… His recent works include, three books: GATT and India: The Politics of Agriculture; GATT to WTO: Seeds of Despair; and In the Famine Trap. Among the forthcoming titles is Keeping the Other Half Hungry, an incisive analysis of how the globalisation is accelerating the process of marginalisation of farmers in the Third World … (full text). See his Bio on Food-Security.

Famine as commerce, August 2002.

World Food Summit 2002 — The hungry will have to wait, July 06, 2002.

Bt cotton fiasco — Pushing farmers into a `booby’ trap, Nov 14, 2003.

GM Food and Hunger, a view from the South, Nov. 01, 2003.

Charity In The Name of Science, Nov. 25, 2003.

India’s New Farm Policy SERVING THE AMERICAN INTEREST, July 2000.

Dr Sharma criticised: Unless we bring out a price structure – a structure of our own, we cannot bail out Indian farmers from the prevailing crisis, said Dr Devinder Sharma of Forum for Biotechnology and Food Security, New Delhi … and:
In the name of ‘rising productivity,’ the total scenario is being mechanised. By 2050, there will be only robots in the world to perform the works which are presently handled by human beings. In the name of green revolution, the money power of rural areas have been taken to urban areas … (full text, December 20, 2007).

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Viviana Elisa Díaz Caro – Chile

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Linked with Derechos Chile.

She is one of the 1000 women proposed for the Nobel Peace Price 2005.

Since 1976, when her father was kidnapped by the Chilean Armed Forces, Viviana Díaz has never stopped looking for him. Along with the Association of Relatives of Disappeared Political Prisoners, she broke the wall of silence that tried to hide the facts from the world and from Chilean society’s conscience. Her constant claims and protests saved uncountable lives from the claws of the Chilean dictatorship. Her fight for justice reached its highest point with the capture of General Pinochet, in London, in 1998 … (1000 peacewomen 1/2).

She says: … “We would give our own lives in order to know what happened to our missing relatives and to make the executioners assume their responsibility” …

She says also: … “On September 11, 1973, my life changed for ever. That morning my father left the house and never came back. I was 22 years old. I believe that the love and the happiness he gave us in my childhood and afterwards, gave me the strength to live life with the intensity that I have” … “When we claimed that our relatives were being tortured they said: That does not happen in Chile. Three months after the disappearance, the president of the Supreme Court suggested that I write a book because as he said: You have a great imagination” …

And she says: … “Until ´78, we still believed in the possibility that they were alive, but then the rest of 15 farmers that had been shot were discovered. They had been left in a limekiln where they had been incinerated. Then I sensed that I would never see my father alive. As those in power erased all the tracks after them they condemned us to live with the uncertainty of not knowing what had actually happened. A lot of people could not understand us and asked: But if you already know that they are dead, why do you look for them? Because we want to know what happened and we want the military forces to be held responsible for their acts and because we do not want those terrible deeds to be repeated ” …

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Viviana Elisa Díaz Caro – Chile

She works for the Agrupación de Familiares de Detenidos Desaparecidos (Association of Relatives of Disappeared Political Prisoners).

… One cold dawn in May 1976, Víctor “Chino” Diaz, trade union leader and under-secretary of the Communist Party, was taken by force from his place of refuge. They tied his hands behind his back. One of his eyes had closed up. His lower lip was swollen as a result of the blows he had received and he could only breathe with difficulty. He had spent the last three years living clandestinely, far from his adored family. Since then they have never stopped looking for him.

While she was studying pedagogy at the University of Chile, the political activity of Viviana Diaz was sporadic, although she participated in the presidential campaign dedicated to Salvador Allende in 1970.

The first time was difficult. The ‘powers that be’ denied that he had been arrested.

The search for their dear disappeared relatives brought families together. They met each other in the penitentiaries, the jails and the hospitals and joined together in their fight. Thus was developed the first Committee for Peace and in 1975 the Association of Relatives of the Detained and the Disappeared (the AFDD) was given a name. Our aim was to find out where our dear ones were kept and save their lives.

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