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Index December 2008

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Durga Devi – India

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Linked with Social Uplift Through Rural Action SUTRA.

She is one of the 1000 women proposed for the Nobel Peace Price 2005.

Durga Devi (born 1956) always wanted to do something socially productive. Despite her husband’s protests, in 1979 she contacted and joined the Social Work and Research Centre. Since then, she has not looked back: she has formed women’s groups in her district and was instrumental in forming a coalition of women’s groups under the banner, Sarva Shakti Sangam, a watchgroup over atrocities against women.Durga Devi lives in Nahan, Sirmour district, Himachal Pradesh. She was born in 1956 in Shambhuwala village to Nar Bahadura police officer, and Sevati Devi, a prominent representative of the Mahila Mandal (women’s group) in their village. She has four brothers and four sisters.

Durga attended a school located in another village: it was a distance that her parents could not afford to continue to send her, and the fact that she never managed to complete her matriculation remains a matter of regret. When her education was abruptly curtailed, Durga joined a one-year tailoring course in her own village. But stitching and sewing were not where her heart was – she wished to do something socially productive, like her mother had … // … She says: “Often I have to face threats and harassment, but I am not scared. I work with truth in my mind, and it is this truth that gets justice for the innocent”.(1000peacewomen 1/2).

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Sorry, no downloadable photo found for Durga Devi, India

She works for Sarva Shakti Sangam, and for Social Uplift Through Rural Action SUTRA, see also profile on barefoot college.org with 11 pdf-pages.

(1000peacewomen 2/2): … Married off at the age of 15, Durga became convinced that her dreams would lie fallow. But intrinsic resilience led to keep looking out for a job. Finally, in 1979, eight years into her marriage, she found an opening in the Social Work and Research Centre (SWRC) in Jagjit Nagar, Solan district. Her husband was incensed: a woman’s place, he believed, was inside the home. Her children–she had, by then, a son and a daughter, and another daughter after she began work – were also very young. But Durga stuck to her ground and set off to work with young daughter in town.

Her husband’s prejudices seemed mirrored everywhere. People looked at her strangely, and would even try to incite her husband against her. He started pressuring her to stop working. But Durga prevailed, working very hard to create a difficult balance between home and work.

Her first challenge at the SWRC was to set up a childcare centre and to conduct tailoring lessons. Her workplace was about 20 km from the SWRC. After this, she traveled to several backward and far-flung villages such as Dhakariyana, Khadin and Thimber. In 1983, she formed a Mahila Mandal Samooha (women’s group), again pitting herself against a battery of prejudices from both men and women. Working hard to convince the women of the need for empowerment, she was soon made supervisor of the program taking full responsibility for it. The voluntary organization SUTRA (Social Uplift Through Rural Action) also helped her, heralding the beginning of her association with SUTRA.

Durga soon realized that the primary problem the women faced was the time they spent in front of chulhas (stoves), inhaling the smoke in the absence of chimneys. She looked for and hit upon a solution – smokeless chulhas. In 1983, she went to Khori in Haryana to get trained on how to use smokeless chulhas, to pass the knowledge on to the women she worked with. Thereafter, in every place that she set up women’s groups, Durga began emphasizing the imperative to use these chulhas and trained women.

Herself empowered by her status, she began to fully understand the social, economic and political problems that women faced. In 1989, she was appointed branch coordinator of the Nalgadh division of the organization, which gave her the chance to establish a separate identity and space for herself. The closer she came to the women in the district, the more she realized that male alcoholism in the area was a major problem that the women had to deal with on an ongoing basis. Male drunkenness brings with it physical and emotional attrition; they also spent all their money on liquor and gambling, contributing little to the home.

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Ron Kurtz – USA

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To disambiguate many persons with the same name: on LinkedIn, on ZoomInfo, .

Linked with The Hakomi Institute.

Ron Kurtz is the originator of the Hakomi Method and a preeminent influence in progressive psychotherapy. Ron has led hundreds of trainings and workshops around the world over the last quarter of a century and continues to teach internationally. Ron is a master therapist, gifted teacher and author of Body-Centered Psychotherapy: The Hakomi Method, and coauthor of The Body Reveals and Grace Unfolding. Ron Kurtz is the recipient of the US Association of Body Psychotherapy’s 2008 Lifetime Achievement Award which was presented July 25, 2008 at the USABP’s Conference in Philadelphia.

… Ron has published three books in English and three others in Japanese. The first book was published in 1976 and was called, The Body Reveals. It was a book about reading the body for psychological information and contained numerous photos and illustrations. The second, published in 1991 was about the Hakomi Method and was called, Body-Centered Psychotherapy. This second book contained the first publication describing the method. Since then, Ron has written many essays on the method and a number of training handbooks and workshop manuals … (full text).

Foundations of Hakomi Therapy, 7 pdf pages.

He says: “The impulse to heal is real and powerful and lies within each of us.”

… His field of work continues to evolve and mature, influenced by his interest in systems theory, Buddhism and Eastern spirituality, scientific method and personal experience. He has pioneered the use of mindfulness in psychotherapy, the experimental attitude, working with the body-mind and practical non-violence … (full text).

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Ron Kurtz – USA

Watch these videos:

… What fundamentally empowers our work with others is the relationship we create with them. In this introduction to Hakomi, we will use mindfulness and experiential exercises to focus on discovering what shapes our unconscious habits of relating. Bringing this to awareness creates the possibility of being more fully present and compassionate, in turn promoting a deeper awareness of what is happening for another, and creating a powerful connection. (full text).

Listen the audio: Conversations, September 2008, Ron Kurtz – At the 2008 Conference, about 30 min, click on this site.

More audios on Hakomiway.ca.

He writes on his website: As I approach the end of my long career, I am preparing to travel less, work more in Ashland. I will continue to do workshops and trainings, mostly therapy intensives, master classes and to do some parts of the Level 1, Heart of Hakomi training and the Level 2, The Art of Hakomi training. How many of these I do will depend on how much energy I have … // … Lastly, this month, I will be honored twice, once by receiving an honorary doctorate from the Santa Barbara Graduate Institute, where I will give the commencement address, and by the United States Association of Body Psychotherapy which is giving me a Lifetime Achievement Award. I am truly grateful for the recognition of my work. I would be happy to hear from you, should you wish to respond. (full text).

Grace Unfolding: Psychotherapy in the Spirit of Tao-Te Ching, by Greg Johanson, Ron Kurtz … Grace Unfolding applies the spirit and principles of Lao Tsu’s ancient Chinese classic, the Tao-te Ching, to the practice of contemporary psychotherapy. Both therapists and clients can use this sensible and compassionate book to understand the roles they play in the therapeutic process. Includes 35 Chinese brush paintings and calligraphy. (full text).

Body Reveals: How to Read Your Own Body, Ron Kurtz, Hec.

Find him and his publications on openLibrary.org; on goodreads; on amazon; on alibris; on Google Video-search; on inauthor Google-search; on Google Book-search; on Google Scholar-search; on Google Blog-search. (There are many persons having the same name).

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Michel Collon – Belgium

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Linked with On vend des pays – Se venden países.

Michel Collon is a Belgian writer and journalist who has written extensively (and mostly in french – and spoken in spanish) on the geo-political aims of NATO’s war.

Michel Collon is the editor of the Belgian weekly Solidaire, and is preparing a manual of alternative journalism. He spent the last 8 years in the Balkans … (full text, not dated).

Michel Collon est un journaliste et écrivain d’extrême gauche belge. Il a commencé sa carrière à l’hebdomadaire alternatif Solidaire. Il a poursuivi son travail de manière indépendante à travers livres, films et une newsletter internet diffusée à 40 000 abonnés. Proche du Parti du travail de Belgique, il a organisé des déploiements d’observateurs civils en Yougoslavie et en Irak. Il est membre de la conférence anti-impérialiste Axis for Peace. Il a récemment dénoncé l’usage d’une photo manipulée pour faire croire que des soldats chinois s’étaient déguisés en moines bouddhistes et avaient provoqué les émeutes du printemps 2008 au Tibet … (texte entier).

Son site web; sa bio sur son site, et sur wikipedia.

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Michel Collon – Belgium

Watch these spanish videos with Michel Collon (19 de Abril de 2008):

  • Estados Unidos intenta hacer en Bolivia lo mismo que hizo en Yugoslavia: parte 1, 30.22 min; and parte 2, 28.23 min;
  • and Resumen de la intervencion de Collon, hecha por VTV, 2.18 min.

Watch these french videos:

He writes: … Bolivia has certainly changed. In La Paz, I attended a large reception given by the Cuban ambassador. Mojitos, buffet, dances… Where was it held? In the ceremonial hall of… the Bolivian army. Yes, the one that killed Ché. Bolivia has certainly changed, but not everyone wishes it well. We had come to get an idea first hand with some progressive intellectuals from about 15 countries. Frei Betto, Ernesto Cardenal, Ramsey Clark, François Houtart, Luis Britto Garcia, Pascual Serrano… A few days of meetings and exchanges with Bolivian intellectuals, representatives of the Indian communities, artists. It’s a sensitive moment. The rightwing is trying to split away the wealthy regions of the country’s East … (full text).

Find him and his publications on ;
on alibris; on goodreads; on Google Video-search; on inauthor Google-search; on Google Book-search; on Google Scholar-search; on Google Group-search; on Google Blog-search.

… and a photo of Michel Collon as witness on Brussel’s Tribunal.org.

Contra Venezuela y Ecuador, Bush recupera la estrategia de las «armas de destrucción masiva». Todas las guerras van precedidas por una gran mentira mediática. Actualmente, Bush amenaza a Venezuela y a Ecuador. ¿Mañana a Irán? ¿Y después? ¿A quién le tocará el turno? … (full text, 20 Mayo, 2008).

He writes also:

  • If they tell us that everything that has happened in Yugoslavia is the fault of one man, all the while hiding the manoeuvring by the German and subsequently the American Secret Services to blow to pieces this too independent country, and remaining silent on the arms they furnished to the enemies of the Serbs, long before these wars;
  • If they hide the discreet but revealing words with which Clinton and other US and NATO leaders admitted that they were carrying out this war on behalf of Globalisation, the multinationals and the control of the oil supply lines;
  • f they admit today that public opinion was manipulated with regard to the true reasons for past wars (Korea, Suez, Algeria, the Gulf) as well as with regard to the crimes committed by the armies of the West during those wars, but that in recent wars everything was better and the media told the truth;
  • If the media magnates persist in courageously refusing all debate on the recent media lies;
  • If the Western leaders affirm in 1998 that the KLA is a terrorist organisation, in 1999 that it is not at all and that in 2001 it most certainly is;
  • … (full text: if … , July 9, 2001).

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David Takayoshi Suzuki – Canada

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inked with The David Suzuki Foundation, and with Kids in the Nest.

David Takayoshi Suzuki CC OBC (born March 24, 1936), is a Canadian science broadcaster and environmental activist. Since the mid-1970s, Suzuki has been known for his TV and radio series and books about nature and the environment. He is best known as host of the popular and long-running CBC Television science magazine, The Nature of Things, seen in syndication in over 40 nations. He is also well known for criticizing governments for their lack of action to protect the environment. A long time activist to reverse global climate change, Suzuki co-founded the David Suzuki Foundation in 1990, to work “to find ways for society to live in balance with the natural world that sustains us.” The Foundation’s priorities are: oceans and sustainable fishing, climate change and clean energy, sustainability, and David Suzuki’s Nature Challenge. He also served as a director of the Canadian Civil Liberties Association from 1982-1987 … (full text).

David Suzuki is renowned both for his unwavering dedication to sustainable development and for his criticism of human activities that threaten our planet. For more than three decades, he has been one of our foremost science broadcasters, environmentalists, and grassroots activists. He has increased public awareness of a multitude of issues as the host of the long-running television series “The Nature of Things” and as the author of several books, including From Naked Ape to Superspecies. In 1990, he established the David Suzuki Foundation to promote resource conservation and environmental protection. Always forthright and thought provoking, he continues to reflect on the impact of our behaviour on the natural world that sustains us … (full text).

He says: … “You have lived your entire lives in a completely unsustainable period,” he told students and fans. “You all think growth and [climate] change is normal. It’s not.”

His full-bio, 16 pdf-pages.

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David Takayoshi Suzuki – Canada

Watch these videos:

  • a Suzuki Interview, 17.42 min, Dec 18th, 2008;
  • David Suzuki: Vote Environment 2008, 5.10 min, 19 Dec 2008 – David Suzuki doesn’t care which party you prefer. He does care passionately that you know what’s at stake in the federal election, and that you let politicians know that;
  • an Interactive Video on asterpix, no time and date indication.

His climate change activism on wikipedia /climate change activism.

… David Suzuki’s Japanese name is Takayoshi Suzuki (鈴木 孝義, Suzuki Takayoshi?) but he is always known by his English name to the public, even in Japanese scientific and popular literature (using Romaji). Suzuki lives in the Kitsilano area of Vancouver. (full text).

A lecture-audio, 106,16 min.

… David has authored more than 40 books, and has received numerous awards for his work including a UNESCO prize for science, a United Nations Environment Program medal and the Order of Canada. He has 15 honorary doctorates from universities in Canada, the U.S. and Australia. For his work in support of Canada’s First Nations people, David has received many tributes and has been honoured with five names and formal adoption by two tribes. (full text).

David Suzuki has received 22 honorary degrees from universities in Canada, the United States and Australia.

… David has authored more than 40 books, and has received numerous awards for his work including a UNESCO prize for science, a United Nations Environment Program medal and the Order of Canada. He has 15 honorary doctorates from universities in Canada, the U.S. and Australia. For his work in support of Canada’s First Nations people, David has received many tributes and has been honoured with five names and formal adoption by two tribes. (full text).

David Suzuki’s photos and videos on weblo.com.

Find him and his publications on wikipedia /publications; on amazon; on Google Video-search; on alibris; on Google Book-search; on Google Scholar-search; on Google Group-search; on Google Blog-search.

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Bapsi Sidhwa – Pakistan (-India-USA)

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Bapsi Sidhwa (1938 – ) is an author of Pakistani origin who writes in English. She is perhaps best known for her collaborative work with filmmaker Deepa Mehta: Sidhwa wrote both the 1991 novel Cracking India which is the basis for Mehta’s 1998 film Earth as well as the 2006 novel Water: A Novel which is based upon Mehta’s 2005 film, Water. Background: Sidhwa was born to Parsi Zoroastrian parents Peshotan and Tehmina Bhandara in Karachi, Pakistan and later moved with her family to Lahore. She was two when she contracted polio (which has affected her throughout her life) and nine at the time of the partition of the subcontinent (facts which would shape the character of “Lenny” as well as the background for her novel Cracking India, originally titled, Ice Candy Man). She received her B.A. from Kinnaird College for Women in Lahore … (full text).

More bio on her website; on emory; on jrank.org; on Bio and Research Guide.

… Sidhwa was a solitary and lonely child. Her parents were advised by doctors not to send her to school. She spent her time daydreaming and listening to stories told by servants. She writes about servant’s lives with such sympathy because she came to know their world, as a child, better than the society her parents moved in. A governess taught her to read and write and introduced her to Little Women which made a great impression … (full text).

Her official website Bapsi Sidhwa.

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Bapsi Sidhwa – Pakistan (-India-USA)

Watch this video: The Pakistani Bride, 01.51 min.

… She has also been inducted into the Zoroastrian Hall of Fame. Cracking India, a New York Times Notable Book of the Year, was made into the film Earth by internationally acclaimed director Deepa Mehta. It was also listed as one of the best books in English published since 1950 by the Modern Library …
(full text).

… Our creative genius in arts and literature has been recognised world over in people Faiz, Sadqain, Guljee, Bapsi Sidhwa, Tariq Ali and Hanif Kureishi … (full text).

Bapsi Sidhwa began her writing career at the age of 26 after visiting the Karakoram mountain-area of Pakistan with her husband. She was touched by a tragic story of a young girl who had been brought to one of the area’s tribes as a bride. After being there for a short time, the girl ran away from her husband’s home. The tribals considered this a highly dishonorable act. Some of the men hunted her down and murdered her. “When I came [back] to Lahore, the story haunted me,“ says Bapsi Sidhwa. “The girl’s story, the poor tribals, the way they lived, all [of] that I wanted to write about,” she adds … (full interview text).

Bapsi Sidhwa has won Italy’s Premio Mondello 2007 for Foreign Authors for her novel, Water … Water is based on the critically-acclaimed film of the same name, directed by Deepa Mehta. The film was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Film. Mehta and Sidhwa previously worked together on Earth, a film based on Sidhwa’s classic novel about the partition of India and Pakistan: Cracking India … (full text). /

Find her and her publications on bookRags.com; on Literary Encyclopedia; on SawNet bookshelf; on her website /books; on wikipedia /works; on amazon; on inauthor Google-search; on Google Book-search; on Google Scholar-search; on Google Group-search; on Google Blog-search.

The Google download book: Bapsi Sidhwa, By Randhir Pratap Singh, 2005, 98 pages.

Bapsi Sidhwa’s Cracking India, The Traumatic Partition of India and Pakistan in 1947, © Linsay Philippe-Auguste, Apr 30, 2008: Lenny, a young Parsee girl living in Lahore, witnesses first-hand the emotional turmoil and chaos caused by the partition of India and Pakistan in 1947 … (full text). .

… Trauma of Partition: Interestingly, the story she’d carried inside her almost all her life — that of the terrors and traumas of Partition — was to emerge much later in 1988 — as The Ice Candy Man (published in the U.S. as Cracking India as “ice candy man” had colloquial connotations of a drug supplier) … It’s an immensely powerful book, written from a child’s point of view and based on Bapsi Sidhwa’s own terrified memories. As she writes in an essay for The New York Times of those times, “Yet the ominous roar of distant mobs was a constant of my awareness, alerting me, even at age seven, to a palpable sense of the evil that was taking place in various parts of Lahore … (And when) the dread roar of mobs has at last ceased, terrible sounds of grief and pain erupt at night. They come from the abandoned servants’ quarters behind the Singhs’ house… why do these women cry like that? Because they’re delivering unwanted babies, I’m told, or reliving hideous memories” … (full text).

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Amy Johnson – England (1903 – 1941)

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Amy Johnson CBE, (1 July 1903 – 5 January 1941) was a pioneering English aviatrix. Flying solo or with her husband, Jim Mollison, Johnson set numerous long-distance records during the 1930s. Johnson flew in the Second World War as a part of the Air Transport Auxiliary where she died during a ferry flight … (full text).

Amy Johnson was the first female pilot to fly alone from Britain to Australia, which she achieved at the age of 26. Her flying career began in 1928 and other triumphs included becoming the first female ground engineer licensed by the Air Ministry, and being awarded the C.B.E. for her flying achievements. All her accomplishments were well recognised at the time. Not only was she formally acknowledged by dignitaries, but also received much public interest, becoming a celebrity of the day … (full text).

… The family had a kipper business. She flew aircraft to the R.A.F. sites during the war, but on January 5th 1941, got lost in fog, and crashed into the River Thames. Her pigskin bag was found in the Thames and is now in the Sewerby Hall Museum. Her plane was never found … (full text).

… Amy Johnson’s daredevil flying exploits made her an icon of her age. But her glamorous life and career tragically ended in a mysterious plane crash in 1941. Sixty years on, Inside Out lays bare the elaborate rumours surrounding her death. Here we examine the most likely scenario of what really happened to a homegrown heroine … (full text).

Galleries:Her memory postcard; See also the Amy Johnson Gallery; Escort for Amy Johnson’s landing in Sydney, June 4th, 1930; Amy Johnson Centenary; Wonderful Amy! on RAF museum; The Most Famous Man in the World: After lunch Charles Chaplin joins pilot Amy Johnson, Lady Astor and George Bernard Shaw for a portrait in Lady Astor’s garden, 1931; the Denham Aerodroome; on flickr.

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Amy Johnson – England (1903 – 1941)

Watch the video with Golden Age Pioneer Amy Johnson, 10.10 min, April 20, 2008.

… Within the first three days of the journey, she’d already had to deal with a leaking petrol tank – and Turkish officials in Constantinople who refused her permission to fly over their air space. But, she persuaded the authorities to let her go on. Amy Johnson herself starts the story, in an archive reconstruction of her flight … (full text, 20 May 2005 – click also on ‘listen to this item’).

Divers confident they have found Amy Johnson’s lost aeroplane. By Steven Morris in London, October 21, 2003.

… Many theories have grown up surrounding her mysterious death. Why did an experienced pilot get lost on a flight that should have lasted only 90 minutes? One suggestion was that she was shot down by anti aircraft guns after being mistaken for a German bomber. Another theory says she was on a secret mission. The truth of what happened will probably never be known … (full text).

Museums exhibiting on Amy Johnson: Sewerby Hall & GardensRoyal Air Force RAF Museum.

Aviation enthusiasts have embarked on a mammoth project to re-build the plane in which Amy Johnson competed in a race to Australia. Members of the Derby Aero Club hope to finish restoring the de Havilland 88 Comet Racer in time for the 70th anniversary of the race in 2004. The only part left of the plane, known as Black Magic, is the fuselage. Restorer and former Rolls Royce engineer, Martin Jones, said: “Amy Johnson was as popular as Princess Diana in her day … (full text, 25 January, 2002).

Find her and her publications on amazon; on commons wikimedia; on wikipedia /bibliography; on Google Video-search; on Google Book-search; on Google Scholar-search; on Google Group-search; on Google Blog-search.

Johnson was introduced to flying as a hobby in 1929 when she joined the London Aeroplane Club in London, England, and got her licence soon after. After some training Johnson became the first qualified British-trained woman ground engineer, and gained further fame in 1930 when she became the first woman to fly from Britain to Australia. On May 5, 1930, she left Croydon, England, in her De Havilland Gypsy Moth airplane named ‘Jason’ and landed in Darwin, Australia, on May 24, 1930, having flown 11,000 miles. In July 1931 Johnson flew a De Havilland Puss Moth airplane from England to Japan with a co-pilot and set a record for flying. A year later in July 1932 Johnson again set a record for a solo flight from England to Cape Town, South Africa, in a De Havilland Puss Moth airplane, and another record in time flying in a Percival Gull in May of 1936 … (full text).

‘Jason I’, de Havilland Gypsy Moth, 1928: In 1930, English aviator Amy Johnson (1903-1941) piloted Jason I … (full text).

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Savitri MacCuish – Netherlands

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Linked with The Bhagavad Gita – Part Three.

She is one of the 1000 women proposed for the Nobel Peace Price 2005.

Savitri MacCuish, born in Scotland in 1959, lives in the Netherlands as the founder and director of the World Peace Flame Foundation and Life Foundation International. She has pioneered unique detraumatization programs in crisis areas and teaches practical peacemaking techniques in workshops all over the world. In 1999, she was the driving force behind the creation of the eternal World Peace Flame (WPF), lit by peacemakers from five continents. The WPF burns in monuments in cities around the world. In 2004, it brought together ambassadors from every country to sign a statement for peace. There is one key event that moved Savitri MacCuish to become the sensitive peacemaker she is today, without fear to face the suffering of people wherever she is confronted with it: One day in 1994 she was driving in war-torn Bosnia, working for the British non-governmental organization (NGO) Life Foundation. She was stopped by a group of old women in black who stood in the middle of the road and stared at her, not saying a word. One woman came to the open window of the van, which was loaded with aid material … (1000peacewomen 1/2).

Savitri MacCuish is  Global Ambassador of Peace, international speaker, retreat leader and author, Savitri trains people in business and organisations around the world in authentic leadership and management skills. As one of the pioneers of the Dru’s war-zone detraumatisation work, Savitri has seen much suffering in the world. Her search for an authentic symbol of hope and peace has led her to become the prime instigator of the World Peace Flame and she is now Director of the World Peace Flame Foundation and Dru Netherlands. (on her Homepage).

She says: “Peace cannot be delegated! It begins with you and me, and the choices we make today. (1000peacewomen).

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Savitri MacCuish – Netherlands

She works for the World Peace Flame Foundation WPF (site under reconstruction), and for the Life Foundation International (named on UNESCO).

Her book: Guide to Personal Freedom: Nine key principles for inner transformation, by Savitri MacCuish and Anita Goswami, Paperback 100p  ISBN 90-805999-7-2 – This book is a treasure trove of practical advice, techniques and wisdom; a guide to your personal freedom. Savitri and Anita share nine important principles and techniques to re-create and nurture you, to redirect your life, to make it an expression of an inner revolution that is necessary to meet the new challenges in life … (full text).

Find her on Google Book-search; on Google Group-search.

(on 1000peacewomen 2/2): … Savitri offered her food and seeds for planting, but there was no reaction, no thanks. Savitri could hardly stand her glance any more and felt like panicking. Suddenly it came like a flash to her mind: “What if this were my mother?” In that moment something changed, “Then I looked straight into her eyes, straight at her pain,” Savitri says. “It was a healing moment. I realized that you can heal people simply by not being afraid to be with their pain.” Still silent, the old women started patting Savitri’s hand.

Savitri MacCuish calls this moment a “turning point” in her life, although she had been working with traumatized people for years. Before that she travelled the world, training horses to Olympic standard and later studying management training and working as a successful businesswoman in the USA and Middle East. In 1986, at the age of 27, she returned to her home country, Scotland. “All the money could not buy what I was looking for. At the end of the day there was a big empty space. Something was missing.”

What she was missing Savitri found first in her work with women survivors of incest and rape and later with the North Wales based Life Foundation. This non-governmental peace-making organization works in the daily life of war zones to promote the use of self-help approaches for physical, mental, emotional and spiritual well-being. The Life Foundation is guided by the motto, “Transform the world by giving people the tools to transform themselves,” and is inspired by the life and work of Mahatma Gandhi.

Savitri started to develop techniques that most peacemaking efforts do not provide, including self-help tools that enable people to transform painful emotions into personal empowerment and creativity, and to build their sense of self-worth and confidence: “All human beings disagree, but it is when the emotions get in the way that disagreements – from family arguments to national wars- become so difficult to solve.”

Savitri began working in the war and crisis areas of the 1990s, and the program has included the Balkan states, North Caucasus, Sudan, South Africa, Northern Ireland and more recently Nepal. A main focus is to train and support aid workers, local peace workers and community leaders suffering from burn-out.

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Maria Gaetana Agnesi – Italia (1718 – 1799)

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Maria Gaetana Agnesi (May 16, 1718 – January 9, 1799) was an Italian linguist, mathematician, and philosopher. Agnesi (pronounced ‘Anyesi’) is credited with writing the first book discussing both differential and integral calculus. She was an honorary member of the faculty at the University of Bologna. According to Dirk Jan Struik, Agnesi is “the first important woman mathematician since Hypatia (fifth century A.D.)” … // … Instituzioni analitiche: First page of Instituzioni analitiche (1748) The most valuable result of her labours was the Instituzioni analitiche ad uso della gioventu italiana, a work of great merit, which was published at Milan in 1748 and “was regarded as the best introduction extant to the works of Leonhard Euler.” The first volume treats of the analysis of finite quantities and the second of the analysis of infinitesimals. A French translation of the second volume by P. T. d’Antelmy, with additions by Charles Bossut (1730-1814), appeared at Paris in 1775; and an English translation of the whole work by John Colson (1680-1760), the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge, “inspected” by John Hellins, was published in 1801 at the expense of Baron Maseres … (full text).

Her bio also on groups.dcs.st; on NNDB; on Britannica online Encyclopedia; on Malaspina (book of physics and morality, a radical non-faith based spirituality); on MellenPress; on farlex; on allBusiness.

… This site is a collection of Agnesi miscellany built upon many exciting hours spent in some of the greatest libraries in the English speaking world.  We highly recommend that you pause to look at the Bibliography and Acknowledgments web sites to appreciate our far flung efforts to provide students with a tantalizing smattering of the strength of resources in mathematics … (full text, web site maintained by Shirley Gray, California State University, Los Angeles).

A CRATERS ON VENUS is named Agnesi.

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Maria Gaetana Agnesi – Italia (1718 – 1799)

… The Canadian composer Elma Miller has written a work called “The Witch of Agnesi” for B flat clarinet, bass clarinet, horn, 2 percussion, viola and double bass. The work was commissioned by the Alliance for Canadian New Music Projects and was first performed in late October 1989 in Toronto. Despite its premier performance so near Halloween, the inspiration for the piece was the curve of Maria Agnesi … (full text).

Salvate dal web le italiane che hanno reso grande la scienza, 08 dicembre 2008.

… As a young girl MARIA GAETANA AGNESI was called a “Walking Polyglot” and the “Seven Tongued Orator.” At the age of nine she transcribed and delivered a discourse in Latin on the need for female education entitled, “Oratio qua ostenditur artium liberalium studia femineo sexu necitiquam abhorre.” She spoke Greek at 11 and Hebrew at 13 … (full text).

… In 1750, on the illness of her father, she was appointed by Pope Benedict XIV. to the chair of mathematics and natural philosophy at Bologna. After the death of her father in 1752 she carried out a long-cherished purpose by giving herself to the study of theology, and especially of the Fathers. After holding for some years the office http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/office
of directress of the Hospice Trivulzio for Blue Nuns at Milan, she herself joined the sisterhood, and in this austere order ended her days on the 9th of January 1799 … (full text).

Mathematikerinnen im 18. Jahrhundert: Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Gabrielle-Emilie DuChâtelet, Sophie Germain: Fallstudien zur Wechselwirkung von Wissenschaft … der Aufklärung.

Witch of Agnesi … Also on wikipedia … And hereafter: One of her solutions for an algebraic equation is still found in today’s textbooks. The solution follows a curve now called the “witch of Agnesi” not because she was thought to be a witch, but because the shape of the curve was called aversiera , which in Italian means to turn. The word is also a slang short form for the avversiere which means wife of the devil. A series of mistranslations over time finally set the name of curve to the “witch of Agnesi“. We now present the Living Witch of Agnesi. Watch the curve grow before your very eyes … (full text).

Find her and her publications on John Hopkins Univ. Press books; on ;
on amazon; on Google Book-search; on Google Scholar-search; on Google Group-search; on Google Blog-search.

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Conor Cruise O’Brien – Ireland (1917 – 2008)

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Linked with Conor Cruise O’Brien, the irascible angel.

CONOR Cruise O’Brien’s life straddled diplomacy, politics, historical scholarship, literature and journalism. He was a diplomat at the UN, a professor in the US, a government minister in Ireland, the Editor-in-Chief of ‘The Observer’ Sunday newspaper in Britain and a writer whose work commanded attention throughout the English-speaking world. He was an inveterate controversialist, the quality of whose judgment and the wisdom of whose actions were often questioned. But none could deny the force of his intellect, the skill of his exposition and the courage with which he held to his convictions … (full text).

Conor Cruise O’Brien (3 November 1917 – 18 December 2008), colloquially known as “The Cruiser”, was an Irish politician, writer and academic … // … Unionism: In 1996, he joined Robert McCartney’s United Kingdom Unionist Party and was elected to the Northern Ireland Forum. He was involved in the talks process that ultimately led to the Good Friday Agreeement until the party withdrew on the installation of Sinn Fein. He later resigned from UKUP after publishing an extract from his book Memoir: My Life and Themes in which he called on Unionists to consider the benefits of a united Ireland to thwart Sinn Féin. In 2005 he rejoined the Labour Party … (full long text – last updated 22 December 2008).

His bio also on the Atlantic online;

Works by or about him: 161 works in 283 publications in 17 languages and 19,444 library holdings.

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Conor Cruise O’Brien – Ireland (1917 – 2008)

Watch this video: Conversations with History: Conor Cruise O’Brien, 28.48 min, January 31, 2008.

See his memoir (1998), and his biography by D. H. Akenson (1994).

He said: “I hope to die with a pen in the hand, but I am in no rush” … and: “I had a bad fall about five months ago, in which I broke several bones and dislocated my hip. But I have made a good recovery and my spirits are good,” he said. “My greatest resource is Maire, my family and my many friends. I have never been depressed, and I’m not now. Perhaps during my life, there have been times, a day or two, when I have felt some melancholy, but it always went, and I was glad to let it go” … (full text of The warrior scholar will be 90, October 28, 2007).

… O’Brien’s life has spanned the entire existence of the Irish State: his first memory is of the sound of Michael Collins’s pro-Anglo-Irish Treaty forces bombarding republican anti-Treaty elements in the Four Courts Building in Dublin in 1922, which signalled the start of the civil war. He was born into the inner sanctum of intellectual Home Rulers – the supporters of Parnell and Redmond who wanted devolution within the Empire rather than separation. Indeed, his mother’s family, the Sheehys, appear in veiled form in Joyce’s Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man … (full text).

… Taoiseach Brian Cowen said Dr Cruise O’Brien had been “a leading figure in Irish life in many spheres since the 1960s”. He “. . . was blessed with a strong intellect and he was a man of strong convictions”, he said, adding that while Dr Cruise O’Brien’s “political views were not always in accordance with those of my own party over the years, I never doubted his sincerity or his commitment to a better and more peaceful Ireland” … (full text).

… It is easy now to forget the intensity of fear generated by the IRA and the loyalist paramilitaries: the safest thing to do was to keep your mouth shut, or give voice only to generalised pieties. Those who persistently ignored such rules had a tendency to be murdered. Under such circumstances, O’Brien became an implacable public foe of the IRA and its sustaining well of passionate unreason. Irish republicanism recognised him as a dangerous enemy, because he understood its “ancestral voices” intimately: both his mother and father had been committed “Irish Irelanders”, and he had close acquaintance with the seductive power of its myths … (full text).

Find him and his publications on ;
on Elections Ireland.org; on The Independent.ie; on ;
on inauthor Google-search; on Google Book-search; on Google Scholar-search; on Google Group-search; on Google Blog-search.

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Bina D’costa – Australia

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Linked with War babies and Bangladesh’s tragedy of abortion and adoption.

Dr Bina D’Costa is the Convenor of the Bachelor Program in Security Analysis and a lecturer with the Faculty of Asian Studies, the Australian National University (ANU), Canberra. She was previously the post-doctoral research fellow at the University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand and the John Vincent Fellow in the Department of International Relations of the Research School of Asian and Pacific Studies at the ANU, here she earned her PhD in 2003. Her research interests are in postconflict peacebuilding, governance, gender and conflict, gender and development and the role of civil society and social movements. She has also focused extensively on both development and human security issues in South Asia. Bina is working with on historical injustices, truth and memory in relation to the strategies of civil society in demanding justice when there is a hostile government in power. This action-oriented research informs her book manuscript titled ‘Burden’ of the State: Gendering War Crimes and National Identity Politics in Postcolonial South Asia’. Bina is Verulam’s Senior Associate Consultant for post conflict and peace building (on the the Verulam Group, their Homepage).

Her bio at the Faculty of Asian Studies, The Australian National University ANU.

… She has contributed to various CSO (civil society organisations)-led projects in Thailand, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan and India and worked as a consultant for the UNRISD (United Nations Research in Social Development), and DfID (Department for International Development, UK. Professional Activities:

  • Bina’s research interests and specialisations are in peacebuilding, justice and reconciliation processes; human security and borders; gender and conflict; children and war; and the role of NGOS in social movements;
  • War Crimes and Justice: Bina’s current project is on war crimes, transitional justice and peacebuilding in Asia. She is investigating various ‘justice seeking’ processes in Sri Lanka, East Timor, Cambodia and Bangladesh. She is also revising her manuscript titled ‘Burden’ of the State: Engendering War Crimes and National Identity Politics in South Asia;
  • Human Security and Borders: Bina has been involved in various policy oriented projects on borders, identity and human security, focusing on Rohingya and Muslim refugees from Burma and the Internally Displaced People (IDPs) of the Chittagong Hill Tracts;
  • Children and War: Bina has conducted extensive field research on ‘war babies’ with special attention to the War of Liberation of Bangladesh in 1971. This project has developed largely out of Bina’s activist work. She is currently involved in building a children and conflict network with Dr Katrina Lee Koo, International Relations, ANU.

… (full text).

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Bina D’costa – Australia

War Babies: the question of national honour.

Listen this audio: Sarkar Kabiruddin interviews Dr. Bina D’Costa, 5.58 min, Jan. 21, 2007 … In this interview Dr. D’Costa talks about the workshop and its significance for future references and historical documentation.

Read: (Dis) Appearing Women in Nationalist Narratives (Part 1): Interview with Respondent A, Conducted by Bina D’Costa[1], of the Australian National University, January, 2000: (she says). I (Bina) gratefully acknowledge Ms Shahin Akhter’s insights and comments during and after the interview – Opening Note: The following interview was conducted in India. The respondent was not keen to disclose her identity. For the sake of ethical research practice, I kept the interview unedited … (full interview text).

She writes: … The most common form of translating films from Bangladesh is through subtitles. Unfortunately, except for a handful of the movies produced and directed by new age and alternative filmmakers, Bangladeshi productions do not have high-quality subtitles. I am really surprised by it because so many Bengalis are either bi-lingual or multi-lingual. Bangladesh is the homeland of a people who are unique in this world because they fought for their right to speak a language in 1952. The rich history, the beauty and evocative nature of Bengali are a source of pride for the people who speak it, who think in it and who write in it. It is indeed distressing that not enough attention is paid to the translation of dialogues in the movies. The lack of sensitivity and indifference when it comes to interpretation are frustrating! Some of the translations are totally wrong, have no meaning in English or simply do not make any sense … (full text on Bangali (Bengali) Community News Gateway in Australia for World News).

Find her and her publications on Regulatory Institutions Network RegNet /ANU; on Faculty of Asian Studies /ANU; on Google Book-search; on Google Scholar-search; on Google Blog-search.

The book South Africa and Human Rights Violations: Bina D’ Costa argues in his chapter on marginalized identity, that often the language of peace and the language in laws that is meant to restore a post conflict society differs or is not in touch with the reality “on the ground” (D’ Costa 132).  Lamia Karim, in Democratizing Bangladesh, finds a similar issue to the one mentioned by D’ Costa in Bangladesh.  Karim argues that in Bangladesh there is the issue of the “government two-facedly watching.”  To elaborate in Bangladesh, “The rights of a woman to free speech, to free assembly, to vote…are rights under the Constitution of Bangladesh, and the functions of the democratic state is to protect the rights of its (female citizens),” but the state will retreat to the threats of the Clergy and become silent to atrocities committed in the name of religion against women (Karim 293) … (full text, November 24, 2008).

Gender and Global Politics in the Asia-PacificEdited by Bina D’ Costa and Katrina Lee-Koo. RELATED: Asian Politics, Comparative Politics, International Relations: This book demonstrates the integral nature of gendered issues and feminist frameworks for a comprehensive understanding of contemporary IR. It uses feminist frameworks and research to both uncover and reflect upon gender and global politics in the contemporary Asia-Pacific. It also brings together, into a coherent and accessible collection, the work of feminist scholars, teachers, and activists in international relations … (full text).

She writes also: … Men and women journalists, academics and practitioners all have a responsibility to consciously use gender sensitive language, as their outputs have significant impact in shaping norms and practices. Also, ridiculing Sheikh Hasina and Khaleda Zia as “begums” does not necessarily translate into pointing out their failure as leaders. In a twisted way, familial connection has served as an opportunity to access political power for both men and women in Bangladesh. Family connections are important, not only in politics but in every aspect of economic and social life here. Who knows whom, and who is connected to who often determine who gets where. It is important to consider reforms in the society that will allow someone without any connection to show her or his potential. However, ethnic and religious minorities, people living in rural or remote areas, children who do not attending English schools or the best Bangla schools, must be given opportunities that allow them to have access equally. Neither AL nor BNP regimes have consciously improved the condition of marginalised people in Bangladesh. Benefits have trickled down in the name of the poor, but they have never actually been the primary beneficiaries … (full long text).

And she writes: … When this interim government began its drive against corruption, it received overwhelming support from the people. Some powerful lawbreakers were arrested including Khaleda Zia’s son Tareque Rahman, which further raised the expectations of Bangladeshis. According to the Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC), the government has detained or questioned nearly 200 people (see BBC interview with ACC chief Lt General, retd, Hasan Mashhud Chowdhury). However, in its overzealous drive to fight corruption, the government neglected governing the country. The law and order situation deteriorated, prices of food and basic products skyrocketed and millions of people were left to deal with their own insecurities because of the recent floods (A. S. Huque, 27 August, 2007, The Daily Star) … (full text).

Discussion transcript on ABC.net: Pakistani power struggle emerges ahead of elections (she says): … I think there is a little bit of truth to that because you may remember a few months ago, Nawaz Sharif was trying to return, return to Pakistan and at that time Musharraf regime wasn’t very interested but now of course, because Benazir Bhutto suddenly changed her mind and mentioned that she wasn’t going to go into any negotiation with Musharraf so Musharraf thought it would be easier to bring back Nawaz Sharif and have a deal with him. But mind you, the people in Pakistan, they are currently very severely opposed to any sort of deal with Musharraf … and: I would be very surprised if it is a free and fair election but I think the election would certainly be rigged or at least manipulated by the current government … and: Behind the scenes there are quite a lot of conversations happening at the moment in dialogue and Imran Khan he is also part of this dialogue and they realise that only if they join forces, they can ask this current military government … (full interview text).

Security and Strategic Studies B (ASIA2030) – Semester 2, 2008: Dr Bina D’Costa: The purpose of the second semester is to extend understanding of the different dimensions of security in the Asia-Pacific region, nuclear biological and chemical weapons proliferation; economic and energy security; issues such as terrorism and counter-terrorism and trans-national crime as a security challenge; environmental pressures and resource competition; and ethnic conflict and separatism. The course will also look at different approaches to promoting security, and will consider the issues of regional order, alliances, international law, NGOs and civil society, intervention and peace operations as examples of the range of approaches. By the end of this two semester course, students should have a clear understanding of the nature of the major powers in Asia, the key issues that drive their security policies in this region, the most serious points of pressure and international tension and the forms of international tension and conflict that are most likely to characterise this region in the coming quarter of a century (on Korean Studies ANU.edu).

The fringe people /Divided waters: Tracing relations between India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh, coupled with people’s perceptions and experiences of state practices, the authors demonstrate that state discourses about borders and boundaries in the name of national interest often ignore those people who rely on the ocean for their livelihood. The region’s internecine strife is in many ways a paradox – of history, connections and shared national myths. Similarly, fishing as a hereditary profession has been perceived as ‘polluting’. It has also been understood as an outright ‘crime’, with fisherfolk often being treated as criminals, who must be punished, in order to teach them and their country’s government a lesson for the violation of international boundaries. We hear the stories of Indian fishermen in Pakistani jails and Pakistanis in Indian jails. Paradoxically, the dichotomies of shame and pride, impurity and purity, crime and rights are each reproduced by the fisherfolk themselves, both when they appropriate the languages of the state and when they join across borders as one livelihood community in multifarious ways. The fishermen of India feel irritated when Bangladeshi fishermen cross to their side, and vehemently support state action against those ‘unruly’ fishermen. On the other hand, Sisira, a Sri Lankan fisherman, when asked by an Indian magistrate about his citizenship, states “I live in Sri Lanka. My forefathers lived in India … I work and live in the sea. India or Sri Lanka does not come to me” … (full long text of her book review CONTESTED COASTLINES: Fisherfolk, nations and borders in South Asia, by Charu Gupta & Mukul Sharma, Routledge India, 2008).

links:

Faculty academics in Burma open letter;

Women of 1971;

Feminist blogs: Feminist Theory and Gender Studies; Muslima Media Watch; Global Feminisms Fall 2008; Bangladesh Feminism, and its article: Begum Rokeya Sakhawat Hussain and Taslima Nasrin – A Comparative Analysis of Feminism As Desired Role Models for Bangladeshi Women;

the website: Bangali (Bengali) Community News Gateway in Australia for World News (in bengali, with many english annotations);;

Voice of Bangladeshi Bloggers;

More books and articles: Feminism in Bangladesh; Muslim Feminism and Feminist Movement: South Asia;

On the Feminism of the Gift Economy.

Fethullah Güllen – Turkey

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Linked with Islamic Revivalism in Muslim World, and with The Fethullah Gülen Movement in Thought and Practice.

Upcoming: The Fifth International Conference on Islam in the Contemporary World: The Gülen Movement in Thought and Practice, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, U.S.A. – March 6-7, 2009.

Fethullah Gülen is a Turkish writer, former Islamic preacher and the leader of the Gülen’s movement, one of the largest Islamic movements in Turkey. As the author of more than 60 books, Fethullah Gülen advocates tolerance, acceptance of others, and dialogue for peace. He sees the solution to many of the world’s problems in a return to religious faith, and advocates that in true Islam, terrorism is murder and is strictly forbidden. Gülen’s followers have formed more than 500 educational institutions in over 90 countries around the world (on Better World Heroes).

He says: “Today, people are talking about many things: the danger of war and frequent clashes, water and air pollution, hunger, the increasing erosion of moral values, and so on. As a result, many other concerns have come to the fore: peace, contentment, ecology, justice, tolerance, and dialogue. Unfortunately, despite certain promising precautions, those who should be tackling these problems tend to do so by seeking further ways to conquer and control nature and produce more letal weapons … and: interfaith dialogue is a must today, and the first step in establishing it is forgetting the past, ignoring polemical arguments, and giving precedence to common points, which far outnumber polemical ones … and: tolerance, a term which we sometimes use in place of the words respect, mercy, generosity, or forbearance, is the most essential element of moral systems; it is a very important source of spiritual discipline and a celestial virtue of perfected people … and: it is impossible for people who have given their heart to seeking forgiveness not to think of forgiving others. Just as they desire to be forgiven, they also desire to forgive … and: altruism is an exalted human feeling, and its source is love. Whoever has the greatest share in this love is the greatest hero of humanity; these people have been able to uproot any feelings of hatred and rancor in themselves … (see all quotes).

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Fethullah Güllen – Turkey

His official website.

Watch these videos on  YouTube:
Gülen seems a controversial figure for some secularists in Turkey. While his followers and a significant part of Turkish society respects him as a humanistic figure at the service of Islam, a large fraction of society perceives him as a significant threat who aims to transform the country’s secular system. On the other hand, some radical groups severely criticize his actions, especially interfaith dialog efforts, as a diversion from Islam. Controversies over Gülen are even enhanced by his interfaith dialog activities including meeting with the Pope John Paul II … (full text on wikipedia /controversies).

Gülen Movement Becomes Best-linked Muslim Network.

Who is the number one public intellectual in the world?  Umberto Eco?  Garry Kasparov?  Salman Rushdie, Vaclav Havel, Christopher Hitchens?  EO Wilson (I thought he went to the big anthill in the sky)? If you chose Fethullah Güllen, you’re not alone.  Prospect Magazine and Foreign Policy Magazine have published the results of their survey, and the Turkish Islamic religious leader topped the poll … (full text, 15 July 2008).

Find him on the spanish wikipedia.

The Turkish Islamist movement of Fethullah Gulen is one of the most interesting examples of liberal Islamist thinking in the Middle East. Gulen and his followers have tried to produce a religious-political movement favoring modernism, Turkish nationalism, tolerance, and democracy without sacrificing religious precepts. The structure and philosophy of this movement and its leader have been manifested in many groups and educational institutions. Part of the Turkish secularist elite views Gulen as a progressive development, though others see him as a threat in moderate garb … (full long text).

Find him and his publications on wordpress.com; on alibris; on wikipedia /works;
on Google Video-search (all in turkish language); on Google Book-search; on Google Scholar-search with one result; on Google Group-search; and on Google Blog-search.

NEW YORK: Two Indians now settled in the US — Nobel Prize-winning economist Amartya Sen and acclaimed journalist Fareed Zakaria — are among the top 20 intellectuals in the world today, according to a poll conducted by a US magazine … Fethullah Gullen, an Islamic scholar from Turkey with a global network of millions of followers, is at No.1 on the list and Nobel Prize-winning microfinancier Muhammad Yunus from Bangladesh is at No 2 … (full text).

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Landon Pearson – Canada

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She is one of the 1000 women proposed for the Nobel Peace Price 2005.

Landon Carter (Lucy) Pearson, OC BA, MEd, LLD, DU (born November 16, 1930) is a former Canadian senator and a children’s rights advocate. She was appointed to the Senate in 1994 by Jean Chrétien and sat with the Liberal caucus. She retired from the Senate on November 16, 2005 upon reaching the mandatory retirement age of 75 … // … In 1974 she cofounded Children Learning for Living, a prevention program in children’s mental health. It operated for 23 years through the Ottawa Board of Education until 1998. She was a school trustee in both Canada and India; and has been involved in community-based programs such as Mobile Creches for Working Mothers’ Children, a child care service for the children of nomadic construction workers in New Delhi and Bombay. In 1979, she was Vice-Chairperson of the Canadian Commission for the International Year of the Child and edited the Commission’s report, For Canada’s Children: National Agenda for Action … (full text).

She is named as Better World Heroe. Her Bio there.

Her website about her life and work.

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Landon Pearson – Canada

She works for the Canadian Council on Children and Youth, for the Canadian Coalition for the Rights of Children, and for the Landon Pearson Resource Centre for the Study of Childhood and Children’s Rights LPRC (read: its official opening on on June 1 2006).

She says: “There can be no global security without respect for children. We have to be more than just observers of children’s suffering, we have to be partners with them in their struggles” … and: “We must pay attention to the millions of children of this generation who are caught up in armed conflicts. How can we protect them from the worst consequences of war? And when hostilities cease, how can we take the war out of them? By eliminating landmines, controlling the sale of small arms, raising the age of recruitment … are all essential measures. By reuniting children with their families and providing programs of physical and psychological rehabilitation” … and: “I’ve never ceased to be amazed at the survival skills of poor children. I’ve learned how much children can actually do for themselves if only we provide the necessary means. That part is up to us”. (Quotes on Better World Heroes).

… Now, at the start of a new century, Senator Landon Mackenzie Pearson sees a glimmer of hope-a dawning recognition that children too have human rights, including the right to be heard. Senator Pearson can trace the growth of this awareness in her own life. Born in Toronto in 1930, she grew up in a small Ontario town. There the sufferings of children registered in her awareness only in her grandmother’s exhortations to “remember the starving Armenians” when she wouldn’t finish her dinner … (full text).

She says also: … “I’ve never ceased to be amazed at the survival skills of poor children” … (full text).

… She has also made a substantial contribution to our understanding of child development through her writing, in particular her book, Children of Glasnost (1990), which gives an in-depth understanding of what it is like to grow up in the Soviet Union, and how that is changing as Russian society becomes more open. A second book, Letters from Moscow, was published in 2003 … (full text).

Find her and her publications; on inauthor Google-search; on Google Book-search; on Google Scholar-search; on Google Group-search; on Google Blog-search … and her bio on Foreign Affairs.

… although it is not the University’s mandate to develop social policy, it is the organization’s role to learn what is needed to inform policy.
The Landon Pearson Resource Centre will provide just this opportunity.Located in A735 Loeb, the resource centre will make Pearson’s documents available to students and faculty, and will promote and host activities that address issues relating to children, childhood and communities.  As Carleton’s newest adjunct professor, Pearson will also be available to meet with students and share her knowledge with members of the University community. She said the centre would provide an opportunity to engage the whole community and create the synergy needed to bring respect for children … (full text).
And: Campus news, Online exclusive: Senator Landon Pearson leaves legacy at Carleton, Creates resource centre for the study of children’s rights, Dec. 05, 2005. (full text).

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Marion Thuswald – Austria

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She is one of the 1000 women proposed for the Nobel Peace Price 2005.

Marion Thuswald was born in 1978 in Austria. In 1997 and 1998, after completing her training in social education, she worked as an Austrian Peace Service volunteer with a youth peace project in the war-torn city of Vukovar in Croatia. Back in Austria she became a member of the staff and later the board of the Austrian Peace Service. For a while she also served as managing director. From Vienna she visits and coordinates the team of Austrian Peace Service volunteers in Vukovar. She maintains and strengthens contacts she made in Croatia with people needing help, among others, many Roma (on IFOR.org).

She says: “All people are equal, distinct, and unique”.

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Ihre Diplomarbeit: Betteln als Beruf? … ein Interview / (Her dissertation: mendicity as a profession? … an interview in german) – Sorry, no downloadable photo found for Marion Thuswald, Austria.

She works for the Österreichische Friedensdienste ÖFD /Austrian Peace Service, for the International Fellowship of Reconciliation IFOR, and for the Youth Peace Group Danube YPGD.

(1000peacewomen): Marion Thuswald was born in Austria in 1978. In 1997 and 1998, after completing her training in social education, she worked as a peace service volunteer for ÖFD (Austrian Peace Service) with a youth peace project in the war-torn city of Vukovar in Croatia. Back in Austria, she became a member of the staff and later of the board of the ÖFD. She also was the managing director for some time. She maintains and strengthens contacts she made in Croatia with people needing help, many Roma among others. After finishing school, Marion Thuswald was drawn to Southeast Europe, where she wanted to help shape her world and make her effortl and energy available for something worthwhile. She went with the Austrian Peace Service association for a year as a peace volunteer ito the most destroyed city in Croatia: Vukovar.

There she supported the Youth Peace Group Danube (YPGD), an interethnic youth project founded by local young people. With much tact and teamwork she motivated the local people to be active themselves. She strengthened their self-confidence while keeping herself in the background.

Among Marions’s strengths are awareness and pragmatism. She keeps her feet on the ground and is constantly aware of her privileged position, in which she is allowed to “help.” For her, peace service means living with people, not feeling sorry for them.

Marion directs theater workshops and intercultural summer camps in Austria with Serb, Croatian and Austrian children. Back in Austria she became a staff member, later a board member of the Austrian Peace Service in Vienna. For a while she also acted as managing director. Based in Vienna, she visits and coordinates the team of Austrian peace volunteers in Vukovar every two to three months.

In this way she has given other young women the courage to participate as well. That is very important because they are crucial connections and persons of trust for the staff members and girls there.

As an active young woman who has taken her life in her hands, she is a model in Austria as well as in Croatia. It is not surprising that almost all those working as peace volunteers in Croatia are young men, as the volunteer year counts as alternative military service for them, and war areas seem to be predestined for men.

Women as active thinkers and helpers are especially needed in just such challenging places. Marion Thuswald builds and strengthens the contacts that she was able to make in Croatia with, among others, many Roma. Some of the young people from the YPGD are now working, for example, in other organizations in leading positions or have found work abroad. She arranged the connections despite her ambivalence: was it not her responsibility to encourage people to stay? But not at any price, because “…staying must be voluntary, not forced.” (on 1000peacewomen).

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Naseeb Mohammad Shaikh – India

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She is one of the 1000 women proposed for the Nobel Peace Price 2005.

Naseeb Mohammad Shaikh lost 11 members of the family she had married into, and 14 members of her parents’ families during the 2002 Gujarat riots. Since then, she has been a prime initiator of peace and communal harmony, leading the fight for rights for the minority communities in and around Gujarat’s Kalol region. At last count, she was fighting 37 cases of atrocities, including ones by the police. She comes from a well-off Muslim family of landowners.

Born in Delol village in Panchmahal, Gujarat, she married Mohammad-bhai of the same village in 1989. At the time of the Gujarat communal riots of 2002, she had a daughter of 13 and a son aged 11.

During the riots, 11 members of the family she married into, and 14 members of her parents’ families, were butchered, including her parents, her husband and her daughter, who was raped in front of her relatives before being killed. Naseeb escaped death only because she was in hospital undergoing a minor surgery. She was left with her son and ostracism from her village. She had to seek refuge in a rehabilitation colony in Kalol, which is where she has been since.

But unlike most refugees in the colony, Naseeb refused to let the magnitude of her loss overwhelm her into paralysis. Finding many widowed women and helpless children, she took it upon herself to help them. She started small, listening to their stories, taking them to hospital, filing papers for compensation, liaising with the relief agencies – she became pretty much a one-woman army as far as the refugees’ requirements were concerned … (1000peacewomen 1/2).

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Sorry, no downloadable photo found of Naseeb Mohammad Shaikh – India.

Naseeb Mohammad Shaikh did not allow her incalculable personal loss and grief to overwhelm her social conscience-if she lost her family to the 2002 Gujarat riots, so did thousands of others.

She works for Aman Samuday *.

(1000peacewomen 2/2): … After moving out of the rehabilitation colony with the help of local social workers, Naseeb shifted into a small house in Kalol with her son. There, she accepted a more substantial role as a social worker, becoming very active in highlighting legal cases and rehabilitation issues to various agencies and the media.

Soon after, Naseeb started work with SEWA. Naseeb was with the social organization for six months, during which time she traveled around the villages in the vicinity to work with riot-affected women and children. No constructive change in the lives of the people was possible for obvious reasons, and although Naseeb managed to make life easier for the people she met and interacted with, a limit soon imposed itself. In April 2003, she quit SEWA to join Aman Samuday, an organization trying to propel people towards peace and communal harmony through awareness. Naseeb fit neatly into the scheme of things.

She moved from village to village, spreading the message of peace, justice, communal harmony, and a common humanity. Her own experiences were the greatest example she placed in front of the affected: she plunged headlong into issues concerning the marginalized.

One of her first campaigns was against a local maulana, a Muslim cleric who ran a relief camp. The frisson began when the maulana was distributing handcarts to the affected, hoping that they would use the carts to start small businesses and become self-sufficient. When Naseeb approached the maulana for a cart, he abused her, charging her with conduct unbecoming of a Muslim widow. His position in the community ensured that he received more support than Naseeb did. She retaliated by mobilizing a small army of women to demand their rights.

When in Eral village, she was confronted with the age-old caste divide – Dalits were refused drinking water from the public handpumps. Negotiating with the local panchayat, Naseeb managed to get a handpump sanctioned only for the Dalit community. In Eral, she built a home for Pushpaben, an elderly Dalit woman who lacked shelter. Aman Samuday provided only the cost of materials; Naseeb herded together enough people from the community to build the house.

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Dorothea Christiane Erxleben alias Dorothea Chr. Leporin – Germany (1715 – 1762)

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Dorothea Christiane Erxleben née Leporin (November 13, 1715 in Quedlinburg – June 13, 1762 in Quedlinburg) was the first female medical doctor in Germany. Erxleben was instructed in medicine by her father from an early age. The Italian scientist Laura Bassi’s university professorship inspired Erxleben to fight for her right to practise medicine, and in 1742 she published a tract arguing that women should be allowed to attend University. After being admitted to study by a dispensation – (see rather under the words: Casuistry and Derogation) – of Frederick the Great, Erxleben received her M.D. from the University of Halle in 1754. She went on to analyse the obstacles preventing women from studying, among them housekeeping and family. Dorothea was the mother of Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben … (wikipedia).

… Dorothea got in touch with the young Prussian king Friedrich the Great to ask him for his approval. Friedrich instructed the university of Halle not to hinder Dorothea’s studies. However, she did not intend to go by herself as she did not feel safe without her brother. But war broke out and her brother, who did not intend to join the army, had to flee Prussia to avoid being drafted. Dorothea also got married and thus her studies became even less probable. She married a widowed minister who brought 5 children into the marriage, and later they had 4 children of their own. All this time Dorothea visited ailing people and treated them with all her ability, which was always frowned upon by male colleagues, especially since she had people refer to her as Frau Doktor (Ms Doctor) – a title she always maintained she did not want people to use. When one of her elderly patients died of her ailment, three well-known medical doctors of Quedlinburg sent an official complaint about her to the Prussian court. Thereafter she applied again to gain a doctorate and was granted to do so at the university of Halle. She passed the test with flying flags in 1754 and continued to work in Quedlinburg until, in 1762, at the age of only 46, she died from a mysterious infection … (full text).

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Dorothea Christiane Erxleben alias Dorothea Chr. Leporin – Germany (1715 – 1762)

She said: ein jeder will gern ein verständiges Weib haben, aber die Mittel des Verstandes will man ihnen nicht zulassen / (my translation): every man wants a comprehending wife, but disallows her the right for reason (Zitate historicher Personen).

Find her and her publications on world cat.org; on Google Book-search; on Google Scholar-search; on Google Group-search; on Google Blog-search.

The Google download book: European Feminisms, 1700-1950, By Karen M. Offen, 2000, 554 pages.

Much more exists in german:

  • Sie schrieb: Die Verachtung der Gelehrsamkeit zeigt sich besonders darin, dass das weibliche Geschlecht vom Studieren abgehalten wird. Wenn etwas dem größten Teil der Menschheit vorenthalten wird, weil es nicht allen Menschen nötig und nützlich ist, sondern vielen zum Nachteil gereichen könnte, verdient es keine Wertschätzung, da es nicht von allgemeinem Nutzen sein kann. So führt der Ausschluss vieler von der Gelehrsamkeit zu ihrer Verachtung. Dieses Unrecht ist ebensogroß wie dasjenige, das den Frauen widerfährt, die dieses herrlichen und kostbaren Gegenstandes beraubt werden. (Gajo Simpatico).
  • Dorothea Christiane Erxleben;
  • Dorothea Christiane Erxleben (* 13. November 1715 in Quedlinburg; † 13. Juni 1762 ebenda; gebürtige Leporin) war die erste promovierte deutsche Ärztin … (ganzer Text);
  • … Dorothea Leporin wurde am 13. November 1715 als zweites von vier Kindern des Arztes Christian Polycarpus Leporin (1689–1747) und seiner Frau Anna Sophia (1680–1757), einer Pastorentochter, in Quedlinburg (Sachsen-Anhalt) geboren … Ihr Vater ließ sie am Unterricht ihres Bruders Christian Polycarp sowie an dessen Vorbereitung auf das Medizinstudium teilnehmen und nahm sie zu Hausbesuchen bei Patienten mit. 1724 schlug Christian Polycarp Leporin vor, in jeder Stadt sollten Akademien eingerichtet und Schüler, die den Unterricht nicht selbst bezahlen könnten, kostenlos unterrichtet werden. Außerdem sollten nicht nur Männer einen Zugang zu diesen Bildungseinrichtungen erhalten, sondern auch die Frauen. Seine Tochter Dorothea wurde vom Rektor und Konrektor des Gymnasiums Quedlinburg in privaten Lektionen mit dem Gymnasialstoff vertraut gemacht … (ganzer Text).
  • … Bei der Erbhuldigung des preußischen Königs Friedrich II. der Große (1712–1786) im November 1740 in Quedlinburg überreichte die 24-jährige Dorothea Erxleben dessen Bevollmächtigtem neben französischen Versen zum Regierungsantritt des Herrschers ein Gesuch mit der Bitte um Freilassung ihrer zum Militärdienst rekrutierten Brüder. Diese Bitte erklärte sie mit dem Kummer der Eltern und ihrer eigenen Hoffnung, gemeinsam mit ihrem Bruder an einer Universität die medizinischen Examen ablegen zu können … (ganzer Text).
  • Kleine Chronik großer Frauen, Band 2;
  • Die Ärztin aus Quedlinburg – Hörbuch;
  • Gleichstellungsbüro;
  • Meilensteine der Medizin;
  • Till Bergner’s Artikel: Dorothea Christiane Erxleben und ihre Gründliche Untersuchung der Ursachen, die das weibliche Geschlecht vom Studiren abhalten / (Throurough studies about the reasons which prevent the female gender from studying);
  • …  Gründliche Untersuchung der Ursachen, die das weibliche Geschlecht vom Studieren abhalten – (gescannter Text auf deutsch / as a scann of the historc document in german) – a tract arguing that women should be allowed to attend university, and she directly appealed to Friedrich the Great who gave her a dispensation. At age 39, after the birth of her fourth child, she successfully completed her exams in 1754 and received her Medical Degree. (full text);
  • … von Dorothea Chr. Leporin das Buch bei Amazon.

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Abigail Smith Adams – USA (1744 – 1818)

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Abigail Adams (née Smith) (November 11, 1744 – October 28, 1818) was the wife of John Adams, the second President of the United States, and mother of John Quincy Adams, the sixth, and is regarded as the first Second Lady of the United States and the second First Lady of the United States though the terms were not coined until after her death. Adams is remembered for the many letters she wrote to her husband while he stayed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, during the Continental Congresses. John Adams frequently sought the advice of his wife on many matters, and their letters are filled with intellectual discussions on government and politics. The letters are invaluable eyewitness accounts of the Revolutionary War home front as well as excellent sources of political commentary … (full long text).

Find also her bio and picture: on First Ladies; on library thinkquest; on Famous-People.info; on American Picture Links.Com; on NNDB; on about.com; on East Buchanan Community Schools;  on picture History; on emonety.pl; on USinfo.state.gov/in an asian language.

Find her also on The Adams Papers; on uk.ask.com; on alibris; on Google Book-search; on Google Scholar-search; on Google Group-search; on Google Blog-search.

She is named as Better World Heroe.

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Abigail Smith Adams – USA (1744 – 1818)

Abigdail’s Letters on Harvard University Press; on Abigail Adams letters for the years 1761 thru 1816; 0n The electronic archive;on amazon; as a Google download-book: The Book of Abigail and John, By John Adams, L. H. Butterfield, Marc Friedlaender, Mary-Jo Kline, 2002, 411 pages; on A Love Letter from Abigail Adams to John Adams; … (and much more by Google-search result and by Googles Image results for Abigdail Adams letters).

Video-search on YouTube by Abigdail Adams letters. Watch also the video.

LETTERS BETWEEN ABIGAIL ADAMS AND HER HUSBAND JOHN ADAMS, an excerpt: … She wrote in one of them:

  • … “Remember, all men would be tyrants if they could. If particular care and attention is not paid to the ladies, we are determined to foment a rebellion, and will not hold ourselves bound by any laws in which we have no voice or representation.
  • “That your sex are naturally tyrannical is a truth so thoroughly established as to admit of no dispute; but such of you as wish to be happy willingly give up – the harsh tide of master for the more tender and endearing one of friend.
  • “Why, then, not put it out of the power of the vicious and the lawless to use us with cruelty and indignity with impunity?
  • “Men of sense in all ages abhor those customs which treat us only as the (servants) of your sex; regard us then as being placed by Providence under your protection, and in imitation of the Supreme Being make use of that power only for our happiness.” (full text).

She wrote:

  • Great necessities call out great virtues.
  • EDUCATION: Learning is not attained by chance. It must be sought for with ardor and attended to with diligence.
  • LEADERSHIP: Great necessities call forth great leaders.
  • PERSEVERANCE: “Great difficulties may be surmounted by patience and perseverance.”
  • WOMEN: If particular care and attention is not paid to the ladies, we are determined to foment a rebellion, and will not hold ourselves bound by any laws in which we have no voice or representation … and: “If we mean to have heroes, statesmen and philosophers, we should have learned women” (all picked up on Better World Heroes … (with LINKS FOR MORE INFORMATION).
  • I begin to think, that a calm is not desirable in any situation in life. … Man was made for action and for bustle too, I believe (letter to her sister, Mary Smith Cranch, 1784).
  • … many on my dearest friend.
  • … I have sometimes been ready to think that the passion for Liberty cannot be Eaquelly Strong in the Breasts of those who have been accustomed to deprive their fellow Creatures of theirs. Of this I am certain that it is not founded upon that generous and christian principal of doing to others as we would that others should do unto us … (full text).
  • Find 3 quotations in The Oxford Dictionary of Political Quotations.

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Chukwumuanya Igboekwu – Nigeria

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Medical Activist Fighting HIV/AIDS – standing up for human rights

Linked with The Right to Health and Health Workforce Planning.

As a doctor working in Nigeria’s remote Niger province, Chukwumuanya Igboekwu confronted the reality of AIDS in rural Africa: In 2003 an estimated 99.5% of the estimated 22,000 people with HIV/AIDS could not afford anti-retroviral medications. He began a local campaign to secure a significant increase in health funds in the provincial budget. The four-hour drive from Igboekwu’s home in rural Sahon-rami to the state capital became a regular one. After many visits, he met with the Deputy Governor, the Commissioner of Health, key parliamentarians and other officials. Igboekwu and his coalition made a strong case for the government to take responsibility for providing clinical care and support for people living with HIV/AIDS. In 2005, the government announced it would provide life-saving antiretroviral drugs to 1,000 people. The grave situation in 2003 has been reversed as majority of PLWHAs in Niger province now have access to antiretroviral medicines … // … Chukwumuanya is an Oxfam International Youth Partnerships action member. Oxfam International Youth Partnerships is a global network of young people working with their communities to create positive, equitable and sustainable change. (full text).

His bio.

He writes: … my name is Chukwumuanya Igboekwu, I male and 25. I am a young medical doctor from Nigeria. I have just finnished my one year youth service corps serviceand cuurrently working in a rural hospital in kontagora, Niger state ,north central region of Nigeria. I am currently a member of the Oxfam International Youth Parliament,OIYP, based in Sydney Australia. I am currently involved in a project aimed at reducing the burden of HIV/AIDS among rural youth in Niger state. I am also the program manager of a grassroot youth serving organisation,the Young Corps for Social Responsibility(YCSR), based in Niger state Nigeria … (full text, May 21, 2005).

… As a medical doctor volunteering in the rural community, he has also been involved in establishing an HIV/AIDS treatment centre within the community where he’s working. Chukwumuanya is also strategically campaigning and lobbying the Niger State Government, with the aim of increasing the budgetary allocation to health and HIV/AIDS programming activities, especially with regards to the procurement of essential medicines and technologies for people living with HIV/AIDS in his community. Less than 5% of those requiring ARV’s and other medicines actually have access to them … (full text).

He is also member of Taking It Global.

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Chukwumuanya Igboekwu – Nigeria

Law and Health Initiative Sponsors Health and Human Rights Activists from Nigeria and Russia, December 1, 2006.

Preventing Childhood Malaria Deaths in Mashegu: This project provides families with malaria prevention education, life-saving medicines and insecticide treated bednets to protect 20,000 children from malaria related deaths in rural Mashegu … (full text):

  • 11-09-2008 – Field update from Tunga-magaji, Maisara and Nassarawa;
  • 05-27-2008 – Updates from the field;
  • 03-31-2008 – Malaria Prevention Project Outreach at Faje Community in rural Mashegu.
  • More Information About this Project: Project Needs and Beneficiaries In this region, malaria accounts for 30% of deaths for children under 5 (UNICEF/FGN 2004). PSJ estimates that about 70% of outpatient visits for children under 5 and 50% of hospital admissions are due to malaria in areas where we work. This project seeks to significantly reduce the high death rate resulting from malaria among children in rural Mashegu through community-wide malaria prevention education and distribution of ITNs to families with children under 5 … (full text).

Comment by Novartis, November 2006.

… Chukwumuanya hopes to work with various stakeholders within his region at the conclusion of the training to bring affordable, effective and safe generic versions of ARV medicines into the Niger state. To do this he hopes to work with the Federal Ministry of Commerce, the National Action Committee on AIDS (NACA), Care People International, the Niger State Chamber of Commerce, Mines and Agriculture and the Nigerian Parliamentary Committee on HIV/AIDS … (full text 10 pdf-pages).

… The VCHI is an integrated rural community based health intervention project aimed at making high quality health care delivery services available and accessible to the rural people at affordable costs. The project uniquely focuses on the pivotal role of grass-root community based health care delivery strategy in bringing affordable health care services nearer to the people. Our service delivery approach is an integrated model, which combines all aspects of primary health care including both curative and preventive aspects, which are administered as a combined package. We also have a simple team made up of only 3 persons ? The Primary Care Physician, a Community Health Extension Worker CHEW and a junior community Health Worker who serves as Nursing Aid … (full text).

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Theo Hobson – England

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Linked with Why I am a Christian, and with John Milton’s vision.

Theo Hobson (born 1972) is a British theologian. He was educated at St Paul’s School in London; he read English Literature at York University, then theology at Cambridge University. He focused on the strongest voices of Protestant tradition: Martin Luther, Kierkegaard, and Karl Barth. His PhD thesis became the basis of his first book, The Rhetorical Word – a study of the role of authoritative rhetoric in Protestantism. He gradually turned his attention to ecclesiology. His next book was Against Establishment: An Anglican Polemic. In this book he announced that the Church of England was doomed, and that he considered himself a “post-Anglican.” His third book was Anarchy, Church and Utopia: Rowan Williams on the Church – a critique of the Archbishop’s ecclesiology, and perhaps of all ecclesiology. He has written for various journals and newspapers including The Guardian, The Times, The Spectator, and The Tablet. His principal interests are the relationship between Protestant Christianity and secularism, which he believes is more positive than is generally understood; the relationship between theology and literature; and the post-ecclesial renewal of worship. He thinks that large-scale carnival-style celebration must replace church worship. He lives in Harlesden, London and is married and has two children. (on wikipedia).

He says: … “Hello! I’m a theologian who believes that Christianity must move in a post-ecclesial direction – that means I don’t like any form of institutional church. Down with organised religion! Down with orthodoxy! There ought to be lots of free-style Jesus Christ-communication, in which ‘worship’ merges with ‘art’” … and about his book Milton’s Vision: “My book on Milton is out. It basically argues that he’s the most important liberal Protestant theologian, for he sees the need to detach the Gospel from institutional authority. Only thus can Christianity be fully in tune with secular liberalism” … (on His website).

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Theo Hobson – England

He says also:

  • (about Milton) “We sentimentalise the great poet as a mascot of British liberty, instead of looking at what he really thought”… (full text, 9 December 2008);
  • … There’s nothing intrinsically wrong with having faith at the centre of school life, it’s discrimination that’s pernicious” … (fullt text, 9 September 2008);
  • “Does it matter whether the majority of religious believers actually think the things atheists claim they do?” … (full text, 3 November 2008).

… In his most recent column, “A Pink Reformation,” Hobson argues that controversies over homosexuality now present the Christian church with a credibility crisis of historic proportions. Hobson presents an argument that demands careful attention. Indeed, Hobson argues that the church now faces a shift as cataclysmic as the Reformation of the 16th century. He asserts that it is “not absurd” to draw this parallel, arguing that the debate about homosexuality poses “a serious threat to organized religion” … (full text, February 12, 2007).

More articles:

… Hobson therefore tells us that he stands for an “explicitly secular state that treat[s] all religions equally, … mean[ing] the disestablishment of the Church of England – a move [that he finds] necessary to renew Christianity and free it from its aura of official privilege.” From looking at the American example, we see that Hobson may have a point, for Christianity has a rather powerful voice in American society … though I suspect that Hobson wouldn’t quite approve of that, either. (full text).

Find him and his publications on daylife Source HUB; on openDemocracy; on firstPost; on Google pages.com; on conservapedia; on the spectator.co.uk; on the Guardian; on amazon; on inauthor Google-search; on Google Book-search; on Google Scholar-search; on Google Group-search; on Google Blog-search.

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Kenneth Roth – USA

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Linked with Human Rights Watch HRW, with Cop violence up due to the culture of impunity; with After Guantánamo; and with The price of rights.

Since 1993, Kenneth Roth has been the executive directof or Human Rights Watch, an NGO that investigates, reports on, and seeks to curb human rights abuses in over 70 countries. He was the deputy director of the organization from 1987-1993, before which he worked as a private litigator and served as a federal prosecutor for the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Southern District of New York and the Iran-Contra investigation in Washington. During his time as Executive Director, Human Rights Watch has quadrupled its size, expanded its geographic reach, and developed new programs specific to issues such as refugees, children’s rights, AIDS, gay rights, counter-terrorism and international justice … (full text).

… Roth was born to a family of German refugees of the Third Reich. He studied at Brown University, where he earned a Bachelor of Arts, and at Yale Law School, where he obtained a Juris Doctor. He worked as a private litigator, before working as a federal prosecutor for the United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York. He also investigated the Iran-Contra affair. Roth started working on Human Rights in 1981, following the declaration of martial law in Poland. He was later interested in the Haiti regime. Roth held the position of deputy director of Human Rights Watch between 1987 and 1993, and has been executive director since 1993 … (full text).

His Bio on China.hrw.

Latest Human Rights news around the world:

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Kenneth Roth – USA

Watch the following videos:

… HRW’s Ken Roth in his opening remarks about the Congo criticized what he called the three countries best equipped to go into the Kivus: France, the UK and Germany. Inner City Press asked why he had not even bothered to mention the U.S.  Roth agreed, saying it is sad one does not even think of the U.S. for peacekeeping any more. He said that among the victims of the war in Iraq are people left unprotected in Sudan, the Congo and Somalia. This implies that the U.S. would have participated in those UN Missions but for occupying Iraq and Afghanistan … (full text, December 10, 2008).

UK government urged to protect civilians in Congo, 22 November 2008.

He says: … “The prohibition on torture is one of the basic, absolute prohibitions that exists in international law. It exists in time of peace as well as in time of war. It exists regardless of the severity of a security threat. And the only other comparable prohibition that I can think of is the prohibition on attacking innocent civilians in time of war or through terrorism. If you’re going to have a torture warrant, why not create a terrorism warrant? Why not go in and allow terrorists to come forward and make their case for why terrorism should be allowed? … and: OK, there is no moral or legal difference between torturing yourself and subcontracting torture to somebody else. They’re equally absolutely prohibited … and: Once you open the door to torture, once you start legitimizing it in any way, you have broken the absolute taboo. President Bush had it right in his State of the Union address when he was describing various forms of torture by Saddam Hussein and he said, “If this isn’t evil, then evil has no meaning” … (full interview text, March 4, 2003).

“Turkey needs to tackle its violent and trigger-happy policing culture. That can only happen if the criminal justice system holds the police to account for these serious crimes.” said Kenneth Roth, executive director of Human Rights Watch. The 80-page report, “Closing Ranks against Accountability – Barriers to Tackling Police Violence in Turkey, December 5, 2008″ documents 28 cases of police abuse against members of the public since the start of 2007, and examines official investigations of police conduct in those instances. (See all HRW reports and click on Issue and Country).

Find him and his publicationson the New York review of books; on amazon, authored, inkl. citations; on Council on Foreign Relations CFR; on HRW/bio; on Google Video-search; on YouTube; on inauthor Google-search; on Google Book-search; on Google Scholar-search; on Google Group-search; on Google Blog-search; on Google Finance-search.

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Michael Krepon – USA

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Linked with STIMSON.org, and with Does Threat Reduction Require Threat Inflation?

Michael Krepon is Co-founder of the Henry L. Stimson Center and the author or editor of thirteen books and over 350 articles. Prior to co-founding the Stimson Center, Krepon worked at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, the US Arms Control and Disarmament Agency during the Carter administration, and in the US House of Representatives, assisting Congressman Norm Dicks. He received an MA from the School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University and a BA from Franklin & Marshall College. He also studied Arabic at the American University in Cairo, Egypt. Krepon divides his time between Stimson’s South Asia and Space Security projects. The South Asia project concentrates on escalation control, nuclear risk reduction, confidence building, and peace making between India and Pakistan. This project entails field work, publications, and Washington-based programming, including a visiting fellowship program. The Space Security project seeks to promote a Code of Conduct for responsible space-faring nations and works toward stronger international norms for the peaceful uses of outer space. Krepon also teaches in the Politics Department at the University of Virginia. (on STIMSON.org).

… Michael Krepon is available to talk about nuclear threat and terrorism in the region. Sample quote: “Mumbai has already suffered three 9/11-type attacks” … (full text).
Michael Krepon divides his time between the Stimson Center’s South Asia and Space Security projects. He is one of the leading experts on nuclear weapons issues in India and Pakistan, including escalation control, nuclear risk reduction, confidence building and peace making.  The Space Security project seeks to promote a Code of Conduct for responsible space-faring nations and works toward stronger international norms for the peaceful uses of outer space.  Prior to co-founding the Stimson Center, Krepon worked at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, and in the U.S. House of Representatives. (on PloughsharesFund.org).

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Michael Krepon

Watch the following videos:

He says: … “I’d be surprised if the Bush administration were satisfied with the steps that the Pakistan government has taken so far. These steps are welcome, but the infrastructure for the LeT is far greater than a couple of camps outside of Muzzaffarabad. So, more needs to be done,” … (full text).

… A fourth abolitionist wave is now building. This wave is unusual because it is moving from the center outward. Its leading advocates—statesmen like George Shultz, Sam Nunn, Henry Kissinger, William Perry and Max Kampelman—have long resumes of distinguished public service. Because of their leadership, the fourth wave has more potential than its predecessors. When foreign policy realists who have served in positions of great responsibility in the Nixon, Ford, Carter and Reagan Administrations join with a Democratic presidential candidate like Barack Obama in calling for nuclear abolition, clearly something noteworthy is unfolding … (full text).

TESTIMONY OF MICHAEL KREPON, CO-FOUNDER, THE HENRY L. STIMSON CENTER, BEFORE THE SENATE FOREIGN RELATIONS COMMITTEE, NOVEMBER 3, 2005, 6 pdf-pages.

Then he says: … “Well India has experience multiple 9-11’s, Ray. In the 1990s there was an attack on the Mumbai stock exchange and other targets: 250 dead, 700 wounded. There was an attack on the mass transport system in Mumbai in 2006. Another horrendous casualty list. So, the people of India have reason to ask their leaders to come together and to do a better job. This is all compounded by the fact there is a national election coming up next year in India. And the current government of India which is led by the Congress Party—Dr. Manmohan Singh –is under a lot of pressure to show he has got some mettle” … (full interview text, December 2, 2008).

Find him and his publications on NY Times; on Word-Press.com/; on EMM; on ISBN; on MacMillan; on amazon; on STIMSON.org; on Barnes and Noble; on inauthor Google-search; on Google Book-search; on Google Scholar-search; on Google Group-search; on Google Blog-search.

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Karsten Kjaer – Denmark

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Linked with Why Democracy?

KARSTEN KJAER is a Journalist, Director and Producer who worked as a foreign correspondent for World Media before turning to television. He has produced more than 200 programmes for Danish and European television as well as numerous specials on world affairs, especially in the Middle East. Karsten is the founder and owner of the independent production company Freeport Film in Copenhagen. He is best known for his use of satire, humour and extraordinary methods in the coverage of sensitive political and cultural issues. (on whyDemocracy.net).

He names himself a Rock’n'Roll Fan and a Computer Freak.

He says: … “Because of our recent history it would have been very important for Finns to see the documentary”, Kjær says, in a reference to Finland’s political balancing act as a neighbour of the Soviet Union, and the self-censorship that occurred in the postwar period. “In addition, the subject is very topical in the Nordic Countries. Kjær accuses Iikka Vehkalahti, producer of the YLE Documentary Project, of personal censorship, after hearing the justification put forward by Vehkalahti for the decision” … (full text, October 12, 2007).

His blog he shares with everyone.

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Karsten Kjaer – Denmark

Watch these videos:

… The recent furore over allegedly anti-Islamic cartoons published in a Danish newspaper is the subject of the provocative documentary “Bloody Cartoons.” Director Karsten Kjaer asks whether respect for Islam, combined with the heated response to the cartoons, is leading to self-censorship and whether there should be limits to freedom of speech in a democracy … (full text, 1 Aug 2008).

… As Pub Philosopher reminds us “It’s two years since Jyllands Posten printed the Mohammed cartoons and about twenty months since thousands of Muslims rioted over something that most of them had never seen”. This last point is underlined in the BBC film when Karsten interveiws an Iranian professional protestor … (full text, October 17, 2007).

… the scoop of the film is an interview with a “professional demonstrator” in Iran:
This 72-year old man is instructing the Basij forces of the revolutionary guard to attack the Danish embassy. Reporter Karsten Kjaer finds him in a town outside Teheran, and contrary to all the official figures the guy is honest.
‘We heard that the Prophet had been insulted, so in a letter to the Danish ambassador we demanded that the Danish government punish the offenders and apologize,’ he explains.
‘But did you see the cartoons?’
‘No, I did not.’
When he is presented with the cartoon showing Mohammed with a bomb in his turban he replies.
‘Is this Mohammed? He doesn’t look like the prophet. He is an Indian Sikh.’

That’s what all the fuss was about? … Watch the video: Bloody Cartoons – The World’s reaction to the cartoons, 48 sec … (full text).

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Rosa María Herrera de Hernandez – Venezuela and Mexico

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She is one of the 1000 women proposed for the Nobel Peace Price 2005.

She has been a worker since her adolescence and she, herself, has experienced exploitation. A youth activist and promoter of human rights, Rosa María Herrera was born in Mexico, and now she works with and for women from poor Venezuelan communities: they support preventive health projects, create groups for developing ways of improving their quality of life and work for the right to a dignified life. She was born in 1945, in Zacatecas, Mexico. She was the second daughter of ten brothers and sisters. Her father was a farmer and her mother a seamstress. There was a strong Catholic influence which transmitted to her values of respect, responsibility and honesty. “I grew up in a strong family where there was a lot of respect. My parents set an example that was vital. My life took place in a healthy environment, in an extended family with the company of grand parents, uncles, aunts and cousins” … She says: “Each person has own rights and responsibilities, but we will be able to demand the first ones and assume the second ones only if we are aware of them”. (1000peacewomen 1/2).

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Sorry, no downloadable photo found of Rosa María Herrera de Hernandez – Venezuela /Mexico

She works for Salud para Guayana (Health for Guayana), named on Nueva Prensa.com.

(1000peacewomen 2/2) … Rosa Maria Herrera de Hernandez had a basic education but the family resources were not enough for her to continue with her schooling. As she grew up she felt the need to look for a job. She wanted to help her parents to pay for the needs of herself and her sisters and brothers. Her father lost his job. “On October 7, 1962 when I was 16, I went with my sister, who was 14 years old to Mexico City. The day after we arrived, we both obtained work in a dress factory owned by a cousin. I learned the trade of seamstress and remained there until July, 1970”.

In 1965 she got to know the Young Working Catholics Organization (JOC) which she joined as an active member. “I have been a worker since my adolescence and have experienced exploitation for myself. I worked 10 hours each day, 56 hours per week, for a miserable salary, which was not enough even for basic needs. I lived with many other girls and boys who were experiencing the same reality and I realized then that I belonged to the working class”.

“In 1969 I went to Nicaragua for three months on an exchange trip with the JOC of that country, and during the trip I got to know El Salvador and Guatemala”. In 1970 she was elected coordinator of JOC at a national level and in August 1973 she became coordinator for Latin-America. “From then on I had the opportunity to travel to almost all the countries in Latin America to work with young people”.

As trade union leader Rosa Maria joined actions by militants in three factories, two of them where the majority were women. There was a great organisational effort, confrontations with groups and institutions and “ those who apparently defended the workers and had turned against them. During these processes the most important thing was money. Rights were not respected. It was not a fight for just a few days”. She participated in exchange trips to various African countries. In September 1975, she married a Venezuelan militant worker and moved to Venezuela the same year.

“I always say that JOC was my school and that experience made me take the decision to be committed to the cause for the rest of my life, no matter in what country. I developed and joined an infinite number of social actions and became aware of the realities of the world of the work. In every place the workers, especially the women, experienced conditions of exploitation and violation of their rights”.

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María Inmaculada Lacarra Cabrerizo – Venezuela

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She is one of the 1000 women proposed for the Nobel Peace Price 2005.

The beginning of her pedagogical work in Venezuela was in the San Judas Tadeu School of Faith and Joy, in Caracas, in a community marked by violence and insecurity. Immersed in popular education since 1976, she initiated, in 1993, the project Education for Peace, the aim of which was to involve the educational community in the resolution of conflicts. Since 1999, she has directed the Mother Emilia School of Maiquetía, in the State of Vargas, where she is the driving force behind the initiative Constructing Peace with Solidarity. Her name is María Inmaculada Lacarra.Máría Inmaculada Lacarra, born in Agreda-Soria, Spain, was a late arrival in the Lacarra-Cobrerizo family. She has only one sister. As a small child she experienced the effects of the Civil War. In spite of that, her childhood seems to have remained unaffected. “I was surrounded by great affection and love from my family, a poor, working family but one where, as I remember, we never lacked anything” … She says: “Solidarity and peace must be worked for from a base level, with openness and simplicity, looking with sincerity for the common good”. (1000peacewomen 1/2).

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Sorry, no downloadable photo found of María Inmaculada Lacarra Cabrerizo, Venezuela

She works for the Mother Emilia School of Maiquetía, and for the San Judas Tadeu School of Faith and Joy, (both not named in the internet).

(1000peacewomen 2/2) … When she was 15 years old she entered the Congregation of the Hermanitas de los Pobres de Maiquetía in Spain. Her idea was to consecrate her life to God and to serve the people through education.

She arrived in Venezuela in 1972 and lived in Cerro La Cruz, in the House of San Judas Tadeo of Caracas. “It made a great impact on me. The first impression was of shock because of the inequalities and the differences that I saw that did not seem logical. I saw that women were very submissive. I was mostly worried about how to help the young girls, so that the circle of behaviour could be broken and what had been experienced by the mother and the daughter would not be experienced by the granddaughter “.

In 1993, when she was Director of the Education Unit of San Judas Tadeo, and facing the high levels of violence that affected the community, she initiated and promoted the project, Education for Peace. “I was very worried about the situation of the children and the families: How could we help people? But mainly I was concerned about finding a way to be welcomed into the families through the children “.

This initiative envisages an open school where the whole educational community participates. “We tried to incorporate the parents and representatives, to organize activities where the school went into the neighbourhood. In order to do that, we organized groups of young missionaries to visit all the houses”.

This initiative was planned to involve workshops, action in the streets and celebration of festivals in the most conflictive zones. It would include a constant effort to promote unity between the families and the teaching team.

Violence is a reality that cannot be ignored. With her vision of an integrated society, that reality may change. The builders of peace may prevail.

“Several things were planned, many things, and all of them were important; for example, that representatives of the community participated, that the teachers were so fully integrated that soon they would be the ones in charge, and would be able to incorporate the new people who arrived “.

With an ability to handle conflicts that seems to be natural, María Inmaculada believes that the building of peace must be based on the strength and local resources of the school and the community. “The project is a milestone that shows where we are going, a sample of what we are able to reach together when we are in agreement.

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James Zogby – USA

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Linked with The Arab American Institute AAI, and with James Zogby and the Politics of Perception.

James J. Zogby (born 1945) is an American academic, political consultant and founder and president of the Washington, D.C.-based Arab American Institute. In 2001, Zogby was elected to the Executive Committee of the United States Democratic National Committee DNC. He is a senior analyst with the polling firm Zogby International, founded and managed by his brother John Zogby, and is a lecturer and scholar on Middle East issues … Writing and advocacy: Since 1992, Zogby has written a weekly column on American politics for major Arab newspapers, Washington Watch, and authored a number of books, including What Ethnic Americans Really Think and What Arabs Think: Values, Beliefs and Concerns. He also blogs at The Huffington Post. In 1984 and 1988 Zogby served as Deputy Campaign manager and Senior Advisor to the Jesse Jackson Presidential campaign. In 1995 he was appointed as co-convener of the National Democratic Ethnic Coordinating Committee (NDECC), an umbrella organization within the Democratic Party of leaders of European and Mediterranean descent, to which he was reelected in 1999 and 2001. Also in 2001, he was appointed to the Executive Committee of the Democratic National Committee DNC, and in 2006 was also named Co-Chair of the DNC’s Resolutions Committee. Zogby also serves on the Human Rights Watch Middle East Advisory Committee and on the national advisory boards of the American Civil Liberties Union and the National Immigration Forum, and is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. Zogby has testified before a number of Congressional Committees and Executive branch forums, most recently on the subject of Arab attitudes toward the United States … (full text).

His Biography on the Arab American Institute.

His blog at the Huffington Post.

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James Zogby – USA

Watch these four videos:

  • Interview with John Zogby, part one, 09.54 min, Aug 12, 2008;
  • Interview with John Zogby, part two, 9.55 min, Aug 12, 2008;
  • James Zogby: The Mess We Are In, 36.01 min, Aug 30, 2006;
  • Charlie Rose – O’REILLY / THE ZOGBY BROTHERS, 57.13 min, Dec 28, 2004.

Arab- and Muslim-Bashing Failed in ‘08, Nov. 28, 2008.

He says: “I think the American people get it. I think our leadership doesn’t get it. They’ve made a mess”. (James Zogby discusses American policy in the Middle East, 2005).

He writes: Yes, we mustn’t expect too much. We all know it is the establishment that comes first in United States politics. Obama’s presidency could easily be sabotaged by the powers that put him there … (full text, 27 November – 3 December 2008).

… A recent Zogby poll of Obama voters found disturbing (and controversial) results.  These voters knew almost nothing at all, and that is hardly an exaggeration.  I wonder how many of these voters graduated from college?  I wonder how many of them teach at our colleges?  I wonder how many of them spent their formative adult years in the bowels of Mein Kampus? (full text, November 24, 2008).

Find him and his publications on ; on ; on sourcewatch; on Google Video-search; on inauthor Google-search; on Google Book-search; on Google Scholar-search; on Google Group-search; on Google Blog-search.

Find the Politics of Perception on ; on ; on ; on Google News-search; on Google Image-search; on Google Book-search; on Google Scholar-search; on Google Group-search; on Google Blog-search.

His political activities on sourcewatch.

Understanding America’s Right Wing, part two, June 04, 2002.

… Zogby was born in 1945 in Utica, New York to Lebanese Catholic parents. He earned his Ph.D. in Islamic Studies from Temple University in 1975. In 1976 he attended Princeton University, where he was a National Endowment for the Humanities post-doctoral fellow … (full text).

Because expectations across the Middle East are so high and the need for change is so great, during the next two months, all eyes will be focused on the early decisions made by President-elect Barack Obama. But precisely because the need is so great, I believe that the region’s leadership should be more than spectators during this critical transition period. This is especially true with regard to efforts to achieve an Israeli-Palestinian peace. The damage done by eight years of the Bush Administrations’ neglect and recklessness is all too clear … (full text, November 24, 2008).

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Albertina García Argueta – Honduras, Native Lencas

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Linked with A re-compilation of texts and blogs for indigenous peoples, with Articles for Indigenous Peoples on our blogs, with UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, and with The Latin American Revolt, An Introduction.

She is one of the 1000 women proposed for the Nobel Peace Price 2005.

This girl from Honduras made great efforts to study. She was the daughter of poor peasants, born in 1962 in a small village that only had a primary school. Despite this, she managed to achieve her degree and took some university level courses. Her achievements were exceptional, but her economic limitations stopped her studies. Albertina García Argueta returned to her home and found that she had been dispossessed. So she created a training center, started a support network for battered women, managed assistance to micro enterprises and promoted the Lenca culture … (1000peacewomen 1/2).

She says: Peace is like the glory of God.

Lencas: Lenca is the name given to a Mesoamerican ethnic group linked to the Maya culture. They have ruled several areas of what is now Honduras and El Salvador. During the Spanish invasion, the Lencas of the eastern region of El Salvador organized a war of resistance that lasted about ten years, ending with the death of Lempira. The Lencas did not abdicate and their lineage can be traced back to ancient times through the oral tradition. The Lenca dinasty of El Salvador is active and has several cultural programs with cultural entities, universities and community councils to preserve and promote their heritage. Their Crown Prince resides in exile. This article will mostly concern itself with the Maya civilization after the conquest by Spain. (on Nation Mater.com /Encyclopedia).

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Sorry, no downloadable photo found of Albertina García Argueta, Honduras

She works for the National Organization of Native Lencas of Honduras.

Lenca language: The Lenca language is an unclassified indigenous language of Mesoamerica, spoken (or formerly spoken) by the indigenous Lenca peoples in a region encompassed by western Honduras and portions of El Salvador, Central America. It has been regarded as an endangered language, and is quite possibly extinct. (on Nation Mater.com /Encyclopedia).

(1000peacewomen 2/2): … Her parents, Lencas indigenous of Honduras, lived in a small, humble village. There was no secondary school, and she longed to study. She convinced her parents, as young as she was, to let her go to school in the nearby city of Marcala, in the department of La Paz. She was a leader of the youth ministry and a first aid volunteer. She graduated with distinction; however, thereafter she had to work to survive.

She went to Tegucigalpa, the capital of Honduras, and registered in the Pedagogical University. Neither her intelligence, nor her good grades, nor her leadership allowed her to finish her studies. She needed money to finish, and money was something she did not have.

Albertina García Argueta returned to Marcala without having fulfilled her aspirations, but she returned with another view of the world. The strange routes of destiny have brought her to realize that her personal accomplishments should be for the benefit of her people.

Today, at age 43, she feels proud. She has succeeded in organizing an indigenous association that has become the engine of the community, promoting the pride of the indigenous group and affirming its culture. She has succeeded in securing economic benefits for indigenous organizations from inside the country and abroad. She has created a support network for battered women. She has initiated improvements in health and nutrition, and she continues working.

During the twentieth century, the Lenca communities in the mountains were forgotten, left behind. The progress of Honduras was centered on the “banana coast”, which generated wealth for North American companies. A powerful local oligarchy was not formed like it was in neighboring countries. (on 1000peacewomen).

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N’Diaye Korotoumou Traoré – Mali

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She is one of the 1000 women proposed for the Nobel Peace Price 2005.

N’Diaye Korotoumou Traoré was born in the town of Toba (area of Bougouni) in 1943. She is the incarnation of a priest woman that concentrates all her energy towards serving her community without any reward. She is a simple woman who understands that Malian women more than ever need support to achieve real equality with men. N’Diaye is married and is the mother of eight children … She says: “I work to improve the lives of the poor by getting families to generate their own economic activities … (1000peacewomen 1/2).

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Sorry, no downloadable photo found for N’Diaye Korotoumou Traoré – Mali

She works for the Association Malienne pour la Promotion Sociale des Aveugles AMPSA, no own website, but named on:

WILDAF – West Africa Newslette, July 2005.

WiLDAF/FeDDAF – WEST AFRICA, WOMEN, LAW and DEVELOPMENT in AFRICA, october 2005.

(1000peacewomen 2/2): … N’Diaye Korotoumou Traoré is never discouraged or angry while explaining to women what they must do during pregnancy and for the nutrition of children. Born in the town of Toba in Mali, she has passed on a lot of information on bodily hygiene and family hygiene.

The concerns of this courageous lady include:

  • - social activities: she has taken charge of poor families, abandoned children and orphans;
  • - economic activities: generating work like gardening and farming;
  • - mobilization of the internal and external resources of the country for the construction and the equipment of maternity hospitals, paediatrics, etc;
  • - allocation of the women’s bike pump in areas and districts with the support of the NGO;
  • - supervision of blind people in the manufacture of fishing nets and ropes;
  • - the formation of women’s theatrical groups;
  • - youth: production and theater presentation on the important role played by women in the home and the incorporation of messages to sensitize the population.

Madame N’Diayé has been active in humanitarian and social affairs from 1962 to 1994–32 years. According to those close to her, her methods involve visiting homes and organising meeting and debates to targeted groups. The formation and the supervision she did daily.
She knew how to create awareness among the people and those in authority, she took account of cultural and social issues and handled them with tact and patience to gain people’s confidence.

As an assistant social worker, she worked for the improvement of the conditions of communities while counseling for the easing of the domestic tasks for women. This meant they had time to learn to read which would reinforce their management of the family and education of the children.

Madame N’Diayé has faced many challenges in her work, including real difficulties in mobilizing the population, especially the women; mobilizing sufficient resources; cultural and social problems; reconciling professional activities with married life. With her retirement today, Madame N’Diaye Korotoumou Traoré is recognized as someone who has not served fruitlessly. (1000peacewomen).

Sorry, no other information found in the internet – in any language – for our peacewomen, N’Diaye Korotoumou Traoré, Mali.

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Moorthy Muthuswamy – India

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Linked with Unraveling India? Linked also with K.N.Pandita’s blog KASHMIR and IDPs and Geopolitical Analysis.

Dr. Moorthy Muthuswamy (is) an expert on Islamic terrorism, an internationally recognized critic of Political Islam and an author of the book “The Art of War on Terror: Triumphing Over Political Islam and the Axis of Jihad” … (on IntelliBriefs, February 28, 2008) … (link to the book) …

Nuclear Physicist, Internationally recognized critic of political Islam: Dr. Moorthy Muthuswamy grew up in India, where he had first-hand experience with political Islam and jihad. He moved to America in 1984 to pursue graduate studies. In 1992, he received a doctorate in nuclear physics from Stony Brook University, New York. Since 1999 he has extensively published ideas on neutralizing political Islam’s terror war as it is imposed on unbelievers. He is the author of the new book, The Art of War on Terror: Triumphing over Political Islam and the Axis of Jihad. His subject: Neutralizing Political Islam’s Terror War. (on basic project.org).

He says: … Because the political Islamic movement is driven by a conquest-oriented medieval ideology and outlook, it behaves like a “germ”. Dialogue or accommodation is simply not possible. Second, this movement is entrenched among Muslim populations and importantly, is networked, with multiple power centers or nodes. This means classical approach of predominantly using diplomacy and/or military force, along with aid is not effective. This may be the reason why our traditional Think Tanks are struggling to come up with a coherent policy response that our political leaders could rely on … (full long interview text).

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Moorthy Muthuswamy – India

The Little Secret about Kashmir, October 16, 2008.

He writes: … In the long run, if the United States wants an effective ally in India and wants democracy to succeed there, it must side with Hindu-majority organizations and help them undermine Indian jihadis. Otherwise, the trend in intensifying Islamic terrorism and its siege of Indian democracy shows that the promise of U.S.-Indian ties likely will go unfulfilled and jihadis will destroy another critical democratic ally in South Asia. (full text,  Dec. 21, 2006 /scroll down).

The Western political, defense and intelligence establishments, for the most part, view Islam under the “religion model.” In this model, aspirations of Muslims are seen to be no different from the ones in any other religious community. It acknowledges the violent track record of Muslims and its probable origins in Islamic scriptures, but hopes that, as is the case with other ethnic groups and nations, over the passage of time, Muslims too will eventually overcome the hurdles to become a cohesive component of the global community. This model implicitly assumes coexistence … (full text).

Find him and his publications on amazon; on Google Book-search; on Google Scholar-search; on Google Group-search; on Google Blog-search.

He says also: … “Our enemy is political Islam and a movement based upon it: the political Islamic movement. Political Islam holds that Islam should have a dominant say in governing the affairs of government. There are good reasons for this outlook, going back to Islamic scriptures … // … We should view political Islam, not radical or militant Islam, as our main enemy. Any movement based on the political ideology outlined in the trilogy has to have powerful and resourceful backers in order to be successful. Saudi Arabia, Iran and Pakistan have powerful political Islamic movements within that fuel movements elsewhere – both in other Muslim majority nations and in nations with Muslim minorities. These three nations are called, Axis of Jihad in my book … (full long interview text).

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Shabana Azmi – India

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Linked with Lara Shankar – India.

Shabana Azmi (born 18 September 1950 in New Delhi, India) is one of the leading actresses of parallel cinema. She is a film actress as well as a social activist, and her performances in films in a variety of genres have generally earned her praises and awards including five wins of National Film Award for Best Actress. She is married to Indian poet Javed Akhtar … (full text).

Social activism: Shabana Azmi has been a committed social activist, active in fighting AIDS and injustice in real life. Shabana Azmi has voiced her opinion on a variety of issues. Initially, her activism drew skepticism and was dubbed by some as a publicity gimmick. However, she proved her critics wrong and used her celebrity status to emerge as a high-profile social activist … She has campaigned against ostracism of victims of AIDS. A small film clip issued by the Government of India depicts an HIV positive cuddled in her arms and saying: “She does not need your rejection, she needs your love”. In a Bengali film named Meghla Aakash she played the role of a physician treating AIDS patients … (full text social activism).

She says about herself: … I have not met the right man yet. I wish to have kids someday. I am skinny girl that eats right and works out. I have a cute and slim body. As far as clothes that I wear, I am casual. Vegetables are how I keep myself looking good. I am your typical fast food junky. I love eating Moghlai dishes. I don’t drink at all. Cigarette smoke makes me sick. I am a very devout and practicing Hindu. Painting is a very cool thing. I do not even know what numerology is but I list it as my hobby. (full text).

UNFPA Announces the Appointment of Ms. Shabana Azmi as its Goodwill Ambassador for India, 01 November 1998.

… “HIV/AIDS is about society being hit at its bones and roots,” said Ms. Azmi. “[It] is about families losing their means of livelihood and support. Is about individual women and men whose legitimate dreams are dashed away. … It is ripping-off the very fabric of community and family life” … (full text).

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Shabana Azmi – India

Watch these videos:

She says also: “I am a daughter, a wife, a mother, a woman, an actress, an Indian, and a Muslim. Each of those identities is important to me” … and: “That nations cannot be built on the sole basis of a commonality of religion was proved when Bangladesh became free. Since, however, India and Pakistan do exist, we should first try to work on the commonalties between them, rather than the differences. I would emphasize that in the new world of today, we should be thinking less in terms of the isolation of nations than what is in the common interests of whole regions” … and: “Theatre is really the actor’s medium. When you go on stage, it is your space. Cinema is the director’s medium”. (Quotes).

The Actor as Activist: Celebrating Shabana Azmi.

… However, no one can blame the director for not fleshing out the characters of the delightful parents. Shabana as the domineering mother could have ended up being a caricature; instead she comes across as a believable, quirky lady, who wants the best for her sons. Boman Irani has played the poker-faced jokester so many times that he can probably sleepwalk through such roles, and still endear the audience. (full text).

… Appreciating the efforts of the farmers they felicitated them for their outstanding work. Presence of world renowned Dr Joseph Mercola and actor and social activist Shabana Azmi, added a touch of glamour to the event … (full text).

Karan’s guests this week are an extremely special couple. She is an actor par excellence…in fact, almost an institution! From path breaking alternate cinema to plausible mainstream… She’s been there, she’s done that! Her contribution to the society as well as the fraternity has never gone unnoticed and on a lighter vein, she can be the life of a party … (full long text on Javed Akhtar, Shabana Azmi and Farhan Akhtar enjoy Koffee with Karan).

Find her and her publications on the Shabana Azmi page on TRIPOD.com (filmography, images, SONGs, articles); on twenga.co.uk; on amazon,co.uk (54 DVD results); on e-bay;
on a fan site; on wikipedia /select filmography; on wikipedia /Awards and honors; on IMDb; on her Google Video-results; on You Tube; on Google Book-search; on Google Scholar-search; on Google Group-search; on Google Blog-search; on Google News-result.

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Fatima Jinnah – Pakistan (1893 — 1967)

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Linked with Book review: What Fatima Jinnah thought.

Fatima Jinnah (July 30, 1893 — July 8, 1967) was the sister of Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan and an active political figure in movement for independence from the British Raj.
She is commonly known in Pakistan as Khatoon-e-Pakistan (Urdu:Lady of Pakista) and Madar-e-Millat (Mother of the Nation) She was born in Karachi, Pakistan, then a part of British India. She was admitted to the Dr. R. Ahmed Dental College in the University of Calcutta in 1919 and went on to open her dental clinic in Bombay in 1923. She was an instrumental figure in the Pakistan movement and the primary organiser of All India Muslim Women Students Federation. After the formation of Pakistan and the death of her brother, she remained an active member of the nation’s politics. In 1965, Miss Fatima Jinnah ran for President as a candidate of the Combined Opposition Party Pakistan COPP; widely believed to win the election, her loss came as a shock to the world community. The election is still regarded as rigged by most historians. She continued to work for the welfare of the Pakistani people until she died in Karachi on July 8, 1967 … // … Death: Fatima Jinnah died in Karachi on July 8, 1967. The official cause of death was heart failure, but rumours persist that she was murdered by the same group who killed Liaquat Ali Khan. In 2003, the nephew of the Quaid-i-Azam, Akbar Pirbhai, reignited the controversy by suggesting that she was assassinated … (full text).

… If Fatima JInnah serves as a role model for Pakistani girls, she is indeed a fine one for she had a life filled achievements. (full text).

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Fatima Jinnah – Pakistan (1893 – 1967)

… Miss Fatima Jinnah initially lived with her brother for about eight years till 1918, when he got married to Rutanbai. Upon Rutanbai’s death in February 1929, Miss Jinnah wound up her clinic, moved into Jinnah’s bungalow, and took charge of his house; thus beginning the life-long companionship that lasted till Jinnah’s death on September 11, 1948. (full text).

Fatima Jinnah called ‘Fatima Jinnah Bhutto’, August 1st, 2008.

Her book: My Brother.

ISLAMABAD, July 22: Syed Sharifuddin Pirzada, senior adviser to the prime minister on Tuesday said Akbar Pirbhai, nephew of the Quaid-i-Azam, had told President Ayub Khan that Miss Fatima Jinnah was assassinated, and had demanded a judicial inquiry into the matter, which was turned down. Mr Pirzada, who was quoted by a section of the press as saying on Monday that he himself had seen blood stains on the bed sheet and cuts on the neck of Miss Jinnah, said that he was grossly misquoted by the press … (full text, July 23, 2003).

Find her and her publications on ;
on book on Fatima Jinnah: on MILLAT; on Google Image-search; on Google Book-search; on Google Scholar-search; on Google Group-search; on Google Blog-search.

Full text of her biographies on Millat’s page.

… Next, Guha points out the dearth of biography. But again, only if we (for unknown reasons) stick to English. In his talk he mentions Fatima Jinnah as one individual ignored by historians. He cites that in Ayesha Jalal’s book on Jinnah, there is no entry in the index on Fatima. But, here is the deal, Guha ji. Fatima Jinnah has had numerous, numerous, histories and biographies written in Urdu … (full text).

On September 24, 1948, after the demise of Quaid-e-Azam Mohamed Ali Jinnah, his sister Fatima Jinnah and Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan submitted a joint petition at the Karachi High Court describing Jinnah as a `Shia Khoja Mohamedan’ and praying that his will be disposed of under Shia inheritance law. On February 6, 1968, after Mohtarma Fatima Jinnah’s demise, her sister Shirin Bai moved an application claiming Fatima Jinnah’s property under Shia inheritance law because the deceased was a Shia … (full text, May 23, 1998).

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Dorothy Rupert – USA

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Linked with Women’s Action for New Directions WAND, and with Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom WILPF.

She is one of the 1000 women proposed for the Nobel Peace Price 2005.

… Dorothy was born on a farm in Eastern Nebraska in 1926. Her father abandoned the family during the Great Depression. One of the most powerful influences in her life was her mother, who raised three children alone in very difficult circumstances. In the late 1930s her mother had to make the decision to place her children in a Children’s Home because there just wasn’t enough food for everyone to eat. Dorothy graduated from high school in 1944 and from Nebraska Wesleyan University in Lincoln in 1948, and became an English teacher. After the war, she married Dick, a GI she met in college, and in 1950 moved to Denver, Colorado.  Dorothy and her family settled in Boulder, Colorado in 1960, and she earned her Master’s Degree at the University of Colorado at Boulder in 1967. Dorothy had drug-free births and breastfed her son and daughter at a time when those things were not generally done. She read nutrition books and attended the free Emily Griffith Opportunity School in Denver, taking pre-natal classes to learn about birthing, baby care, etc. As a young mother she was one of few people she knew to write Congress about public health issues such as drugging chickens. She says that activism is “just IN me” … (full text).

She says: “My dream is for all of the world’s little girls to have access to a progressive education where their learning opens doors to whole new possibilities for them to live their dreams”. (1000peacewomen).

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Dorothy Rupert – USA

She works for Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom WILPF, United State’s section, and for Women’s Action for New Directions WAND.

Dorothy Rupert (born 1926) served 35 years as a public high school teacher and counselor, 14 more years in the Colorado House and Senate, and decades in the peace and women’s rights/human rights movements. She has consistently supported education, relentlessly and courageously tackled difficult legislative issues, and traveled the globe for peace. Dorothy embodies commitment, passion, vitality, caring, sincerity, never-give-up determination, and joy. As she nears 80 (on 2005), these traits shine more brightly than ever. (1000peacewomen).

Barbara Wilder awards the First Annual Power Woman Magic award to the Power Woman of the Year, Senator Dorothy Rupert.

WAND is thrilled to announce that two of our National Board members are among the 1000 women nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize. Alice Lynch and Dorothy Rupert have spent their lives working for peace and justice, and continue to contribute every day to improving the state of the world … (full text).

Find her on Google Group-search.

… In Colorado, Sen. Dorothy Rupert wants police to ticket and fine any adult seen smoking in a car with children in it … (full text).

She says also: … “I saw a single parent doing her absolute best and doing her all” … and: “My heart really always returns to kids, there is something about how I feel with them and they respond to me. It’s such a gift when it feels there is no break in the circle” … (full text, January 25, 2004).

The CAPITOL Report … The November 1998 election was the first in which a substantial number of lawmakers were prohibited from running for reelection. The November 2000 election will continue the process of jettisoning legislative knowledge and experience, due to term limits … Senator Dorothy Rupert (D-Boulder) has compiled an outstanding environmental record during her tenure in both the House and Senate. (This is not an exhaustive list of accomplishments, but merely a sample of what some experienced lawmakers have done) … (full text).

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John Knox – Scottland-England (1505-1572)

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(See also: Disambiguation John Knox – and wikipedia’s Human name disambiguation pages)

Linked with The International Reformed Center John Knox IRCJK, with John Knox and women, and with Découvert un trésor des TPG Genevois, le  Site NonOfficiel des tpg SNOTPG – le Site NonOfficiel des TPG.

John Knox (c. 1510 – 24 November 1572) was a Scottish clergyman and leader of the Protestant Reformation who is considered the founder of the Presbyterian denomination. He was educated at the University of St Andrews and worked as a notary-priest. Influenced by early church reformers such as George Wishart, he joined the movement to reform the Scottish church. He was caught up in the ecclesiastical and political events that involved the murder of Cardinal Beaton in 1546 and the intervention of the regent of Scotland, Mary of Guise. He was taken prisoner by French forces the following year and exiled to England on his release in 1549 … // … On his return to Scotland, he led the Protestant Reformation in Scotland, in partnership with the Scottish Protestant nobility. The movement may be seen as a revolution, since it led to the ousting of the queen regent, Mary of Guise, who governed the country in the name of her young daughter, Mary, Queen of Scots. Knox helped write the new confession of faith and the ecclesiastical order for the newly created reformed church, the Kirk. He continued to serve as the religious leader of the Protestants throughout Mary’s reign. In several interviews with the queen, Knox admonished her for supporting Catholic practices. Eventually, when she was imprisoned and James VI enthroned in her stead, he openly ridiculed her in sermons. He continued to preach until his final days … (full long text).(More on wikipedia: 1) Early life, 1510–1546, 2) Embracing the Protestant Reformation, 1546–1547, 3) Confinement in the French galleys, 1547–1549, 4) Exile in England, 1549–1554 , 5) From Geneva to Frankfurt and Scotland, 1554–1556, 6) Return to Geneva, 1556–1559, 7) Revolution and end of the regency, 1559–1560, 8) Reformation in Scotland, 1560–1561, 9) Knox and Queen Mary, 1561–1564, 10) Final years in Edinburgh, 1564–1572, 11) Legacy, 12) Selected works, 13) Notes, 14) References, 14.1) Primary sources, 14.2) Secondary sources … ).

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left: John Knox – Scottland-England (1505-1572) – right: eternally in Geneva

He says: A man with God is always in the majority … and: Quhat have ye to do, said sche [Mary Queen of Scots], ‘with my Mariage ? Or quhat ar ye in this Common-welth?’ … ‘A Subject borne within the sam’, said he [John Knox}, ‘Madem … and: And albeit I be nyther Erle, Lord, nor Barron within it, yit hes God maid me (how abject that eveir I be in your Eies) a profitabill Member within the sam’ … (full text, scroll down),

… It would not be beneficial in this article to transcribe the entire History of the Reformation by D’Aubingne, or The Reformation in Scotland by John Knox, when one can much more conveniently buy the books, and others like them, and read them at their leisure.  This is simply a short timeline of events and people leading up to the Puritans and their mark on history.  It is a terse depiction of those who were used of God to prepare theology for the development of the Puritan mind … (full text).

… John Knox was responsible for bringing Calvinism to Scotland. Still independent, Scotland had been prepared for reform by the Lollards, by humanists, and by a strong nationalist sentiment. Returning from exile in Geneva, Knox joined the Scot’s cause against Catholicism, and against the French headed by Mary, Queen of Scots. The Scottish Parliament established Protestantism in 1560, and a Confession of Faith and Book of Discipline followed, based on uncompromising Calvinism. (on Ken Anderson.net).

John Knox was born in Haddington, a town not far from Edinburgh, and he went to university there, briefly, before starting work as a lawyer. In 1546 he supported the murder of David Beaton, Archbishop of St Andrews, and was imprisoned for 18 months on a French galley (The French Mary of Guise, widow of James V, was Regent of Scotland at this time) … and he wrote: “to promote a woman to bear rule, superiority, dominion or empire above any realm is repugnant to nature, contrary to God.” This was aimed at Mary of Guise but Queen Elizabeth of England, who came to the throne in the same year, took it personally … (full text).

Find him and his publications on the John Knox Resource; on Index of images and TShirts; on wikipedia /selected works; on Creeds of Christendom (their Homepage).

Find the reformation on the Catolic Encyclopedia; on the BBC; on le poulet gauche /the left chicken); on Univ. Hannover; on Google Video-search; on Google Book-search; on Google Blog-search; on Google Image-search.

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